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QAId : 2215133
Asker : cindy_lens
Subject : maestro emac
Private : No

Question : I am using Maestro to access UNIX from NT. I want to use emacs, but get error something about xhost and cannot open display.

I typed this...
setenv DISPLAY cherry:0.0; xhost + ; emacs&

It still does not work.

cindy

Answer : I can't tell where you're inputting what - is that whole line a single config/execute string in Maestro?

Is "cherry" resolvable in /etc/hosts or DNS?

Try the actual IP address in place of "cherry".

Also the "xhost +" is unnecessary - you can do an:

xhost cherry

which is less of a security risk since it only adds the one machine to your access list and not all hosts ("+"). If the whole string is being executed on the remote UNIX machine the xhost also is unneeded since *you* NT box is the server in this case. It needs to be set to allow the remote system to display client apps with the equivalent (inside Maestro configs) of:

xhost unixmachine_ip_address

Also after setting the DISPLAY environment variable you need to export it like so:

export DISPLAY

Those should get you running...

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hi

I did this:

setenv DISPLAY IP_OF_WINDOWSNT:0.0
xhost cherry
export DISPLAY

somehow, I cannot locate EXPORT command anywhere. Where is EXPORT located?

Answer : If you are using Bourne or Korn shells the syntax of the variable assignment will not have the "setenv" in front, as so:

DISPLAY=IP_OF_WINDOWSNT:0.0
export DISPLAY
xhost cherry[.wherever.com]

OR

xhost cherry_ip

I believe export is a built-in command of these previous shells. If you are not in one of these shells (you can obtain your currect shell by issuing "echo $0") you can invoked one easily like this:

sh

OR

ksh

and then your commands:

DISPLAY=IP_OF_WINDOWSNT:0.0
export DISPLAY
xhost cherry[.wherever.com]

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2217526
Asker : alfaromeo767
Subject : Computer Keyboard Function Keys
Private : No

Question : I am an amateur user of computer, my problem is what are the function of each keyboard function keys, I knew F1 is for Help, F5 is for refresh, what about the rest of the function keys?
This is just a school assignment.

Answer : The use of function keys will vary, depending on the OS in use (as you mentioned under Windows F1 is usually Help, F5 is refresh, ALT-F4 is to exit a program, etc). They are simply assignable keys (usually by the OS but not always) that add flexibility to the keyboard layout since so many of the keys are already purpose-mapped (like the letter 't' for instance).

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2218952
Asker : rjsjd181775
Subject : ISO files
Private : No

Question : how do I transfer a program file to an ISO file?

Answer : A .ISO file is a CD image file. To create one you would need to first put the data in question on a CD (or have a CD with the data you want already) and then use a program like Easy CD creator to write that CD as a disk image (.ISO) file. To recreate the original CD you would just create a copy from that ISO using the same program.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2276733
Asker : skydreamers@...
Subject : clearing computer systems
Private : No

Question : We have an old computer that I am having trouble with. It won't load windows, instead it says "Cannot load gdi.exe. You must reinstall Windows". The boot up disc won't work or the CD in reinstalling so how do I get the computer to reinstall windows from MSDOS? Is this a complicated procedure? I was told I could clear the system and reinstall. Can I do this myself or do I have to take it in to a computer technician? I am hoping I can save the cost of repairs to a technician. Thanks for your help. Diana.

Answer : OK - Make a boot floppy (on another Windows machine) as follows:

Start/Programs/MS-DOS Prompt

(put a blank floppy in the drive)

format a:

c:
cd \
sys a:
copy windows\himem.sys a:\
copy windows\smartdrv.exe a:\
copy windows\command\mscdex.exe a:\
copy windows\command\xcopy*.exe a:\
copy windows\command\format.com a:\
copy windows\command\edit.com a:\
copy windows\command\sys.com a:\

Download the following file to A:\

http://members.home.com/iqueue/idecd.sys


Now create a config.sys as follows:

edit a:\config.sys

The config.sys needs the following in it:
device=\himem.sys
device=\idecd.sys /d:cdrom001

Save the config.sys

Now edit A:\AUTOEXEC.BAT and put the following in it:

@echo off
\mscdex.exe /d:cdrom001 /l:f
\smartdrv /n c+ f 4096 4096

Save the file and exit.

Now you will have a bootable disk that will bring up your CD-ROM as drive letter F: - the best thing to do at this point in your reinstall is NOT to launch the install, but rather ensure you have XCOPY.EXE and XCOPY32.EXE on the floppy or in the C:\ directory and do an xcopy of all the files in the "Win98" subdirectory off the CD to your hard disk and perform the installation from *there*. Why? A couple of reasons - one is the installation goes faster from the hard disk, but that's a minor reason. The primary reason is that after installation you will no longer be bothered by that annoying "please insert your Windows 98 CD" when upgrading drivers, installing new versions of DirectX, etc, since all the source files for the OS are on your disk. the XCOPY command looks as follows:

(boot from floppy and format the hard drive

a:
format c:
sys c:

if necessary - be sure you have a backup first of whatever you want to keep!)

xcopy f:\win98\*.* c:\win98kit\*.* /e

Now boot off the hard disk and do:

cd \win98kit
setup


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2300311
Asker : aarima
Subject : Printing
Private : Yes

Question : Is it possible to print a listing of the titles that appear in a folder? I would like to bring up Windows Explorer, click on a folder, and print the titles of the contents in that folder. When I try to do this, my system prints the contents of each file, not just the titles.
Thanx in advance for your help.

Answer : How about this - (for this example I'm assuming I want a printout of the C:\PROGRAM FILES directory)

Open a DOS prompt and type:

dir "c:\program files" > c:\tempout.txt
start notepad c:\tempout.txt
File/Print


**OR**

Open the explorer window so you can see the full contents (if possible) of the directory. Then press ALT-PrintScreen, then do a Start/Run, type pbrush.exe and hit ENTER, then hit CTRL-V (to paste) and answer yes. Now do a File/Print.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2306611
Asker : renie@...
Subject : translation program for microsoft works
Private : No

Question : Is there a translation program that works with Microsoft works? Prefer sentence type.

Answer : "Sentence type"? I have not seen a translator (and I have looked for a friend in the last 12 months who had the same problem).

Best bet with MS Works files is to open them in Works and save in an alternate format that your new word processor can directly load.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 2


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QAId : 2306872
Asker : danielbuilder
Subject : computer faxing
Private : Yes

Question : Im trying to fax a document from my computer and I dont know if my computer has this capibility. please help me.


Answer : If you have a modem you probably can - but the fax program is hidden and not normally-installable (you can;t do so through the normal means or during install). Here's here it is:

f:\tools\oldwin95\message\us

Read the wms-fax.txt file there for more details butr basically you will double-click the wms.exe first, then the awfax.exe and then you should have the "fax" (make sure you have your modem installed and configured BEFORE you do either one) available as an additional "printer" so from any application (open the document you want to fax in any Windows app) just select File/Print and choose the fax as your chosen printer and away you go!

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities




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QAId : 2312188
Asker : Les3
Subject : Printing from Outlook Express
Private : No

Question : Paul,
For sometime now I haven't been able to print my E-mails out from Outlook Express. I have to copy and paste into another programme.
This all takes time. Can you help me please.
Les

Need More Information : What happens when you try?

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : Hi Paul,
Sorry I haven't answered before.
I was away for a week.
When I try to print from Outlook Express,
I go to File and then down to Print, click on and nothing happens not even the PRINT box shows.

Need More Information : What printers do you have defined in Start/Settings/Printers and how are they connected to your machine? (parallel, network, etc)

Do you get different behavior when clicking the Print button on the toolbar ("fast" print to default printer) as opposed to going to the File/Print option?

No other programs exhibit this behavior? If this is so I would try updating to IE5.01 (which comes with Outlook Express) or later and see if this fixes (likely a DLL that is the wrong version) the configuration.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : Paul,
The printers I have are:
Canon BJC 255Sf which is my default printer. It is connected to LPT1(printer port). This is connected directly to the computer and a scanner
I also have an Epson Stylus 300 BSC which I hardly ever use and is not connected.
There isn't a print button on the toolbar of my version of Outlook Express.
This only happens with Outlook Express.

Answer : OK then do as I suggested and update to the leatest version of Outlook Express -

Start/Windows Update

and select the "Internet Explorer and Tools" that is listed in the Product Updates area. If the problem still exists after that msg me again; otherwise terminate the question.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2403917
Asker : seiches@...
Subject : computer and ghosting
Private : No

Question : How do I ghost a program from computer to another? I am setting up a school computer lab and its my understanding that this would save me time. Mary

Answer : If you have a ghost image of the hard disk you can burn it to a CD (if it's small enough to fit) and then use Ghost Explorer on the other machine to peruse the ghost file off the CD and pull whatever you want off of it. Problem here is that if you intend to move an *installed* program from one machine to another sometimes programs need other support files (that they sometimes install themselves, and often not in their own directory) that you may not get by copying the installed directory. best thing is to try it by copying the installed directory only, establish the shortcut and attempt to run it and see if it breaks. If it complains about a missing DLL or VXD you can grab them from the same ghost image in the same way (they'll likely be stored under \WINDOWS\SYSTEM).

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2426432
Asker : justel
Subject : FORMATTING STIFFIES TO 1.77MB
Private : No

Question : Dear Paul,

How do I format ordinary stiffy disks to 1.77MB ?

I want to do this so that I can copy the CAB files on my Windows CD ROM disk onto stiffies.

What program do I then use to copy the 1.77MB CAB files onto the stiffies ?

Any ideas ?

Sincerely,

GRAHAM
~~~~~~~

Answer : Here's the program:

http://members.theglobe.com/medman55/1flo77.zip

Once you format it I would expect you'll just copy files to it like normal...
--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5
End :


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QAId : 2431792
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : multi booting Computer system
Private : No

Question : I have AMD500 MHz CPU with 64 mb RAM and having 10gb of hdd, I want to install win98, win200 and Linux on it.

How can I set it to boot to what ever Operating System I want, Please give me the detailed installation and configuration procedure.

Mail me at rajparab@hotmail.com

Tahnk You

Rajesh.

Answer : Very simple... install in this order:


fdisk the drive and build the partition(s) you want to use for 98/2000 - be sure and leave some unpartitioned space for Linux (IOW don't use all the space when defining the 98/2000 partition - make two partitions of 4GB each leaving 2GB unallocated for instance) Then format these partitions as drive letter, C:, D:, etc.

Now install the OS's in the following order:
Windows 98
Windows 2000
Linux

in the dn you will have a Linux boot loader that will allow you to pick from Linux or Windows. Then if you choose Windows you will then get Windows 2000's menu to choose between 98 or 2000.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2440891
Asker : kkwan82
Subject : positions
Private : No

Question : Hello. I would like to know, on the top of your head, what are some of the most important and needed computer-related positions out there in the work field. The most positions you list, the better. Thanks very much!

Kenneth S. Kwan

Answer : Well off the top of my head I'd say that there is significant need for:

Web design/administrators
Systems Analysts (ones who can understand a business process and build it into software)
Windows NT Admininstrators
Netware Administrators
UNIX Systems Administrators

The whole field of IT is good at this time, but these are areas that always seem in need of more people.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2481706
Asker : sanriver
Subject : KaK.reg/
Private : No

Question : My computer was running slow so I set it to defrag and a screen came up that it couldn't defrag and to go to scan disk which I did. there was a window that came up that stated something was wrong with C:/windows\temporaary internet files\content.IE5\3yh5g7nnfolder. since this my pictures have not come up in the correct colors and I have a window that comes up that my Matrox millennium II the direct x interface is an old version when I try to reinstall the vidio card from a CD the window that says cannot import c:\windows\KsK.reg.error opening the file. there may be a disk or file system error. What can I do? Any help you could give would be much appreciated
Thank You
Retha

Answer : Try doing a restart in DOS mode:

Start/Shutdown/Restart in MS-DOS mode

Then run a scandisk on the drive to see if it will clean it up a bit. Then type:

exit

to return to Windows and run a scandisk inside Windows and see if it can complete correctly. Then if you still have problems return here and tell me what they are.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Answer : More info on this - in the subject you called this thing "kak.reg" - I believe this is a virus - here is info and an executable to fix it:

http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/kak.worm.b.removal.html

Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com...

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2499870
Asker : cindy_lens
Subject : solaris 8
Private : No

Question : Hi

I am planning to install Solaris 8 on Ultra Sparc60, which I heard is free. I also heard Solaris 8 is buggy with something. I am considering installing Solaris 7 instead.

Any thought on this issue is appreciated.

Cindy

Answer : I have used both and neither strike me as buggy. I would go with 8 just so you'll go longer without needing to upgrade.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2552705
Asker : rchesnut
Subject : what are file scripts
Private : Yes

Question : I had someone working support that was having an issue with a remote user. It sounded like a proxy issue, but he said they were using file scripts instead. what does that mean?

Answer : Hmmm... it sounds like he meant that the user's web access was being filtered by file scripts instead of proxy, but that doesn't make any sense to me. Do you have more info on this scenario?

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

End :


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QAId : 2561917
Asker : psm_pest@...
Subject : Performance Problems
Private : No

Question : Hi there and thanks for your help!

Recently, I upgraded my PC to a Celeron 500, a Voodoo3 3000, 128MB RAM and a Tyan Trinity400 Mainboard. My first problem is that I can't overclock my CPU (to 73 MHz bus clock), because the games I play use to crash after 5 mins.
They also run very slowly (especially Quake3), at about 25-30 FPS. This seems to be not very much, so have you got any advice for me!!

I'd be grateful!!

Answer : So then you are not overclocking the FSB on this machine where previously you were? One thing to be aware of when overclocking the FSB is that your not just affecting the CPU's speed - you are also jacking the PCI bus speed up too, with a resultant speed increase (and potential for instability) for any peripheral card plugged into it. So since you have now clocked down to normal (66 Mhz I expect) your PCI cards are running at their normal 33 Mhz, which is slower than before. That in itself should not impact your speed in games too greatly but since you didn't tell me what your speeds were before, or what other hardware differences there were (like what CPU and speed was in it before) I can't say whether you should get any better or worse. I'll also need to know what res and color depth you play at...

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : I play Q3 at 800*600 (vertex, medium details, no dynamic lights).

The thing is that, if I set the FSB to 75Mhz, the CPU runs at 563MHz (I can't adjust the multiplier, though. It seems to be fixed at 7.5, even if I jumper it to 8, or something else...?). I can start the games, but they simply stop after a few secs (usually 15-20) and it throws me back to Windows98 again. My friend has the same specs, but he runs his games with his Celeron500@600Mhz, which do just fine and don't crash at all.
Are the crashes related to the weird MHz-number? And what can I do against these crashes at all? I can't think of a reason why the games run fine at 500 but crash at 563???????

Thanks for your help!!!!

Answer : It's the reason I stated (or another I will in a second):

-- One or more of your PCI cards is not able to handle the higher PCI bus speed that results from the higher FSB speed

(normal FSB - 66Mhz - normal PCI FSB/2 = 33Mhz)

-- Your CPU is not overclockable - not all CPUs can run higher than their rated speeds. In my own personal experience I have seen approx 75% of Celerons can overclock. You may be the unlucky one.

-- Your RAM may be 66Mhz only and cannot tolerate the higher clock speed.

You can try a faster DIMM module and see if this fixes it, or a different video/audio card. Finally trying a different same-speed Celeron would be the final test.

And yes all Intel CPUs are mulitplier-locked, ostensibly to prevent remarking of CPUs as faster than engineered, but in reality more likely an attempt to reduce overclocking.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities


Answer : Oh yeah... on a related note you may actually find better luck overclocking by going *higher* than the 70-something FSB you're currently trying on up to 100Mhz FSB. Why is this so? Because then you can use the 1/3 divider for your PCI putting your PCI bus right back in spec where it belongs. the only thing you'll need in this scenario is a new PC100 DIMM of the memory capacity you want (128MB for instance).


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2578579
Asker : chaser_7
Subject : Postscript file
Private : No

Question : what software do i need to view a postscript file

Answer : Open this URL:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/apps/98/graph-view.html


And do a "find" (CTRL-F) for postscript.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2584931
Asker : bfledderjohn
Subject : Remote Control
Private : No

Question : Paul,
We have a WAN that consists of 20 different locations using a frame relay line with cisco routers to communicate/attach to a Netware 4.2 server located at our headquarters. Those WAN users have WIN95 workstations configured with Netware IP and login o the server that way. We use Zenworks 2.0 remote management feature to remotely manage the WAN pc's. I am trying to determine if we upgrade the 4.2 server to a Netware 5.1 server and use pure IP to see if the WAN pc's can communicate with the remote server faster than they do now. I installed a test Netware 5.1 server into our tree. I then went to 1 of the WAN locations and using pure ip, I was able to log into the Netware 5.1 server with much better response time. I imported the workstation and had someone try and take remote control of me. Not until I configured the WAN pc netware client to be both IPX/SPX and IP, was I able to get remote control working.

Any ideas???

Thanks.
Brad

Answer : I haven't tried this but I would suspect that there is more configuration to be done to have this functionality in a pure IP environment. It sounds to me like SAP broadcasts were used to locate the machine to be controlled, and sans IPX, those broadcasts were obviously not available.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 2784499
Asker : cat03box@...
Subject : PERSONAL COMPUTERS
Private : Yes

Question : I am having trouble with AOL 5.0 changing a lot of files and programs on my computer; some of the things used to work very well..Flight Simulator '98....was one of them. Every time I sing on..aol is upgrading thier system, on my computer.

I have a gateway computer with "BackTrack" on it and have checked the snapshots that are in the program. Can i go back to the very first one and restore my computer to the same "out of the box" condition..with nothing on the hard drive and all of the programs that are noe on it "deleted".

The only file that i really have to back up is my word processor files..everything else can go.

I have had a computer for almost a year, so everything that i have learned to do, I have found out for myself. It's only 30 days to retirement for me and both of us ( me and the computer) really need a fresh start. I want to go with Earthlink because they do knock you off in the middle of so me very long downloads.

THANKS FO ANY HELP YOU MAY BE ABLE TO GIVE ME.

cat03box..........we have 5 cats and 3 litterboxes....thus the name.

Answer : If all you need to backup are the documents you've created I'd suggest:

1) Find all that you might ever want to keep (word documents, etc) and put them all in one directory (make one on your desktop - right-click/New Folder and name it "Backup").

2) use WinZip (http://www.winzip.com) to compress this directory (right-click on the folder Backup (after you've put everything in it) and select "Add To Zip" - then click the New button at the top (put a blank floppy in now) and navigate to the floppy drive (A:) then type in the name BACKUP.ZIP into the filename field and click OK. Then you will be back at the WinZip screen (with A:\BACKUP.ZIP at the top). Now make sure to check the boxes "Include subfolders" and make sure the Automatic Disk Spanning is turned on (this will allow you to backup more than can fit on a single disk by filling onbe floppy and then putting in more blanks until done).

That's it - when it's done you will have a backup of your documents you can restore after a new install is done. You likely have a restore CD that you can use to generate a brand new install, wiping out the old install. I'd use that and then restore your documents to C:\MY DOCUMENTS with WinZip from your floppy.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2811425
Asker : jag149704
Subject : NT 4.0 workstation
Private : No

Question : How would you withdraw the ability of a group account, to shut down their machine.


Many thanks

Jag

Answer : Use poledit.exe to generate a policy on that workstation. Here's info on how to install/use it.

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/Win98/Reskit/Part2/wrkc08.asp

Also on that page if you do a couple of searches for "shut down" you will see the section that details how to remove the Shutdown option from the Start menu.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Please help,

i am working with NT4.0, and i would like to get to know DOS better can you please help me with the following,

I would like to back up all files with an extension of DOC.

I would like to only back files that have been modified.

From C: i want to back every file with an DOC file.

i would be copying these files to my A:

What is the initial commands that i would use and what is the commands i would use after the initial backup has been done?

many thanks

Answer : This should really have been asked as a separate question but here we go:

To backup all .DOC files from the C: drive to the A: drive:

xcopy c:\*.doc a:\docs\*.* /s /h

This will create a subdir on the A: drive called "docs" and underneath that will make subdirectories as needed to store the .DOC files found on your hard disk. Note that this method allows you to potentially have multiple files with the same name without a problem (that's probably good).

To only backup files that have been modified you will want to catch files that have the "archive" bit set (meaning they have not been backed up since the last backup):

xcopy c:\*.* a:\backup\*.* /s /h /m

You will probably NOT have enough space to do this the first time so the best way to start something like this is to isolate the backups to a particular directory or have a larger-capacity backup medium. Also you can do this command prior to putting the documents you will want to backup:

attrib -a c:\*.* /s

(some files will be untouched if they are system or hidden files)

From now on any running of the previous command:

xcopy c:\*.* a:\backup\*.* /s /h /m

will only catch the files that have changed since the last backup. A better idea is to make a directory for the items to be backed up and use the same command, slight modified, to do this task:

xcopy c:\backup\*.* a:\backup\*.* /s /h /m

By limiting the backup to files in the C:\BACKUP directory you avoid backing up operating system files that do change often.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities







----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2822198
Asker : nomez
Subject : Getting the MCSE
Private : No

Question : Im a senior in high school with a good general knowledege of computers and win98 ect. Ive been looking at studing to get MCSE certified. I saw all the tests I will have to take and I was wondering what books you suggest reading? I live in a kind of remote part of Arizona and I cant take any classes. I plan on buying "Microsoft Windows 2000 MCSE Core Requirements Training Kit with CDROM" and then get other books for the other tests.... One more thing. If I were to take one test that is good for the MCP cert AND the MCSE cert and I get the MCP cert, could I use that credit for the MCSE cert?
Thanks a lot.
(i guess i should ask some microsoft guy these questions but i was browsing and noticed all your certifications and figured why not)

Answer : The book/CD-ROM set you've chosen will be a good way to take care of the core exams. Other than that for each elective you will have to choose from what's available at the time as some of the exams aren't out yet, and books are just beginning to appear for the 2000 track.

By taking any one of the operating system exams (they may have it where it's any one of the exams in the MCSE period) you are automatically an MCP. To get an MCP+I (+Internet specialty) you have to take a certain specific set of electives along with your core exams.

Good luck!

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2854827
Asker : snkscore
Subject : batch file
Private : No

Question : hello,

I have some questions about batch file writing, but it may be more of a dos issue.

The setup is like this.
I have a machine that has a folder that is updated with additional files every now and then.

I wrote a batch file that used the following line:
xcopy \\SERVER\Share\ c:\data\ /e/s/m

I wanted to have everyone that wanted to have this folders infor current to be able to just run this batch file and have it copy the files that are new, not the old ones.

When I do it this way what happens is that after the first machine updates (comp a) the next machine that tries to run the batch file (comp b) thinks that it is up to date because comp a has reset the flags.

Basically I want the user to run a file, and have all the files in a folder that they dont have be copied, without the need for them to overwrite files, or say "no" for every file that is asking to overwrite. What can I do?

Answer : If you don't want the command to reset the archive bit then use the "/a" switch in place of the "/m" one. Then once per day, once per week, in the middle of the night, etc you can have one of your servers issue the command and have *it* use the "/m" so it updates the archive bits.

Also add the following to make sure the user never sees an "overwrite?" prompt:

xcopy /y \\SERVER\Share\ c:\data\ /e/s/m

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities







----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2868984
Asker : konchay
Subject : Sun solaris systems
Private : No

Question : i'm in charge of unix's systems administrator

my systems is Entreprise 3000
each month at begining of the month about 05-06
of the month the systems hang & shutdown it self or disconnected the users from systems.
i can find out the solution of.

i suspect the program or process hang the systems
my question is.
How i can find out the that process or program whose hang my systems ?

Thanks


Answer : Try examining the logfile at:

/var/adm/messages

This may show clues before the lockup takes place.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2919690
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Maximum number of files on desktop for NT
Private : No

Question : What is the maximum number of files or shorcuts which can be place on the Windows NT Desktop?
I have a user with a Desktop littered with shortcuts and large files, she is experiencing hang-ups on login. She has a PC with 128M RAM. All other users are able to login without issue. I have looked at her startup folder and shortcut links and can find nothing which appears amiss. Moving here shortcuts and files off the desktop seems to have cured the problem (for now), but I am unable to locate any documentation which supports this tactic. Can you assist?

Answer : Well it seems you solved the problem already but you may misdiagnosed the reason (perhaps). It may not be that there is an inherent limitation of the number of icons, but rather, having many shortcuts on your desktop (which in turn must have colormap entries and be drawn on the screen) uses up too much of your GDI resource heaps and brings the system resources down too far. I'm not sure what the limits are on NTW but I'd still make it a rule to not fill more than half the screen space with icons.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2954647
Asker : tuomran
Subject : bypassing the proxy
Private : Yes

Question : My country has a restricted proxy server and
i want to bypass my local proxy to another one
open.by the same ISP
what should i do or buy to fix this networking
problem?

Answer : If you have a less restrictive proxy you want to use just find it's IP address and then put it in place of the existing one at:

Start/Settings/Control Panel/Internet Options/Connections (tab)/LAN Settings (button)

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2976640
Asker : sshirley431
Subject : IP and Ports
Private : Yes

Question : i would like to know on what port does FTP proxy connect to the other server???? (does it goes on port 8080 like proxy??? dose it goes on port 21 like FTP and if this is the situation how does the other server know that this is a proxy server?????)

Answer : Please do not ask questions in private if they are not of a private nature. This is a general question, and not of an embarrassing nature. Marking it as 'private' detracts from our interaction's value to others as they cannot read it under any circumstance.

Now as for your question - proxy servers force clients to redirect their requests to FTP servers (and usually web pages too) for security reasons. This allows them to close ports:

20 - FTP data
21 - FTP control
80 - HTTP (web)

and others. When you initiate a connect to an external FTP site, however, you are still connecting to port 20 and 21 on the *destination* server, you are merely being handed back the information to/from the remote machine through the proxy. So like a legal proxy, a network proxy server handles a chore in your stead, namely your web/ftp access.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3076921
Asker : burchbunch@...
Subject : Computer Programming
Private : Yes

Question : Hi. I would like to learn basic computer programming. Do you know where I can learn the basics free? I'm not sure if that's possible. I'm 14, and know pretty advanced HTML, even though I'm not a pro. Is computer programing the same as doing HTML? I mean like making basic programs that I can run? Am I talking to the right person? What is it really called, all I can think of is programming. Please help.

Answer : Here's a good way to learn - start with WinBatch - a very handy language for automating activities in Windows. There are plenty of examples and an excellent help file. I use it all the time (see my web page below for some apps that I make available to the public, some of which have been done with WinBatch). It is available for free (but costs if you want the compiler - which allows you to create standalone EXEs that you can use anywhere).

http://www.windowware.com

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Answer : Oh I noticed you mentioned web pages )HTM). If making web pages is all you're after (as opposed to programming) then here are some tutorials on HTML coding and programming:

http://www.davesite.com/webstation/html/

http://www.mit.edu/afs/athena/user/w/s/wsmart/WEB/tutorial/HTMLtutor.html

http://members.tripod.com/~chrismartin2/

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities


FUQuestion : Thank you VERY, VERY much! No, It is programming that I would like to learn. I already know advanced HTML. I want to take it a step further. I'll remember you in case I have any more questions. Is that OK? You have been very helpful. Thanks again. :)

Answer : You're very welcome!

Did you try PopKey, or some of the other utilities?

Now please be sure and rate the answer. It only takes a second to click on one of the stars below...

Thanks,

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : Sure. Is that YOUR website? I'll keep the address.

I'll give you 5 stars. (I think thats the highest.)
Thanks, Mike

FUQuestion : OOOOPS.....where do I rate it? I can't find it. It's not coming up.

Answer : Yes that's my website... and all the programs are ones I've made.

The rating should be just below this answer on the website (if you got this in email just click the link to go to the web page). There will be a series of 1 through 5 stars. Most people who answer questions on AskMe greatly appreciate a rating, including myself.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Yes. I always rate them, I just couldn't find it until you replied again. I got it now.

By reading the description, it sounds like I would use it to make a DOS program. What kind of programs can I make with it? I have it downloading now. I coudn't find the free download on your site. I only saw the one for $99. But I'm downloading it from download.com.

Did you make the WinBatch program itself to, or you just have a site about it? Are you really good at programming? What kind of stuff can YOU do? Do you have touse a program like WinBatch to make other programs, or can you use some kind of code too? Just curious.

Answer : (no answer required)

Ok you found it!

Feel free to email me if you'd like to discuss some programming issues - my email is on my web site.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3092206
Asker : burchbunch@...
Subject : Computer Programming
Private : Yes

Question : Once I rated it, it wouldn't let me reply again.

But anyway, yes. I always rate them, I just couldn't find it until you replied again. I got it now.

By reading the description, it sounds like I would use it to make a DOS program. What kind of programs can I make with it? I have it downloading now. I coudn't find the free download on your site. I only saw the one for $99. But I'm downloading it from download.com.

Did you make the WinBatch program itself to, or you just have a site about it? Are you really good at programming? What kind of stuff can YOU do? Do you have touse a program like WinBatch to make other programs, or can you use some kind of code too? Just curious.

Answer : I gave you the URL to the company that makes WinBatch. Here it is again:

http://www.windowware.com

You do not use WinBatch to make DOS apps - it makes Windows apps just like Visual Basic or Visual C++ do.

My web site has about 7 programs all of my own design to perform various functions for users. The top one (PC DiskMaster) I wrote in Visual Basic and the rest are done with WinBatch. I'm not sure where your statement "What kind of stuff can YOU do?" comes from as I already said every program on my home page is my own design. Go take a look.

http://members.home.net/iqueue

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : No, I mean What kind of stuff can YOU do in programming? Are you a professional? I saw you were a professor, I think. Can you make all new cool programs, or are you not that experienced? I was just wondering because I saw you were a professor. Or at least I think you were a professor.

by the way, I was also wondering if I could make games with winbatch?

Answer : And as I said for an example of what I can do go check out my apps. I'm not sure why you want me to rank myself - go look at my apps and try them out and decide for yourself.

I am not a full-time programmer, but I am certified to teach computer science and as you can see from my applications I'm far from a novice. So I'm somewhere in between the two extremes.

Currently I am a UNIX Systems Administrator. I taught previously and hold a lifetime teaching certificate for the state of Texas in Psychology and Computer Science.

WinBatch would not be appropriate for games, unless they were very non-demanding games. Look to Visual C++/Basic or Delphi for that.
Rating : 1


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3174041
Asker : jag149704
Subject : Workstation 4.0
Private : No

Question : Hello, many many thanks for your kind help a true Computer GURU with out a doubt.

Please can you also help me understand:-

As we know you can compress an NTFS file using the prperties sheet.

How could i do the same using a DOS command?

Why use dos? is it faster?


Thank you..

Answer : You can compact the file using the "compact" command, like so:

compact /c c:\windows\myfile.exe

If used on a directory it simply marks the directory as compressed and new files placed there will be subsequently compressed. To compress a whole subdirectory tree (and force them to become compressed)


cd \windows\compressed_files
compact /c /s *.*

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3210204
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : download personal ancestral file
Private : Yes

Question : I wish to instsall Personal Ancestral File Companion, but my version of PAF is only 2.31. I need version 3.0 and have been told it can be downloaded from the Internet. I can't seem to find out how to do this. Any suggestions?

Answer : Here is an even newer version (4.0):

http://www.ldscatalog.com/cgi-bin/ncommerce3/ProductDisplay?prrfnbr=369179&prmenbr=1402&CGRY_NUM=373032&RowStart=1&LocCode=FH

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3222349
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : C shell programing
Private : Yes

Question : Write a C shell script called killer that kills processes by name rather than PID. For instance, if my username is emcgarri, to kill the editor that I am working in now (vi) I
would have to issue the following sequence of commands:

deltaq{emcgarri}9: ps -uemcgarri

PID TTY TIME COMMAND
3874 pts/0 0:00 csh
3832 ? 0:00 dtsession
3865 ? 0:01 dtwm
3926 pts/2 0:00 vi
3875 pts/1 0:00 csh
3867 ? 0:00 dtterm
3929 pts/1 0:00 ps
3866 ? 0:00 xterm
3857 ? 0:00 ttsession
3881 pts/2 0:00 csh
3869 ttyp2 0:00 csh
3868 ? 0:04 dtterm

deltaq{emcgarri}10: kill 3926
[1] Terminated vi


The corresponding script would be:

deltaq{emcgarri}11: killer vi
[1] Terminated vi

Answer : Well two ways to go about it - the easy way and the UNIX way... ;-)


The easy way:

pkill -U emcgarri vi


The UNIX way (all real shell scripts (including mine) use sh/ksh so tough tookies :-)

#!/usr/bin/ksh
if [ "$1" == "" ];
then
clear
echo "You need to supply the name (or part of the name) of the process to kill"
echo ""
echo ""
echo "Process Killer, by Paul Doherty (bitbucket911@home.net), 2000)"
echo "http://members.home.net/iqueue"
echo ""
echo "Example:"
echo "killer vi"
echo ""
echo "The above invocation will kill all processes being run by the current"
echo "user that contain the string "vi" in the name."
echo ""
exit;
fi;
ps -u$LOGNAME | grep $1 | awk '{ print $1 }' > /tmp/123321
cat /tmp/123321 | while read die
do
echo "killing process $die"
kill -9 $die
done

rm /tmp/123321 2>/dev/null 1>&2

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities




----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3247672
Asker : bill@...
Subject : computer networking
Private : No

Question : How do I network two computer, both using Win98-2 such that each can access a single DSL line? Mine is a Pentium III, 500mhz, 20 gig, 128Mbyte RAM system. My wife's is Pentium III 800 mhz, 30 gig, 258 Mbyte RAM system.

Answer : I assume by 98-2 you mean 98SE.

The cheapest, easiest way for you to do that is to:

figure out which machine will be used the *least* - that one will be your "server".

Obtain a second NIC (Network Interface Card) for that machine and install and configure it with the IP address (or DHCP for automated addressing) of your DSL connection (and connect a cable between it and the DSL box.

Connect the original NIC in the server machine to a hub or switch (whichever you have - alternatively you can connect the PCs directly from NIC to NIC with a crossover cable and avoid purchasing a hub/switch at this time).

Connect the other "client" PC to the same hub (or to the other end of the crossover cable).

Now install the ICS service on the server - it can be gotten from the Add/Remove Programs control panel, Windows Setup tab, Internet Tools/Details button.

On the two internal NICs (the one not connected to the DSL directly) use addreses like this:

**PC1 (client)
IP Address 10.1.1.2
Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway 10.1.1.1
DNS Server(s) (your ISP provides these numbers - put them here)

**PC2 (server)
NIC#1 (connected to DSL)
IP Address (set for automatic or address assigned by ISP)
Subnet Mask (ditto)
Default Gateway (ditto, but usually same as IP but last octet is ".1"


NIC #2 (one going to hub/other machine)
IP Address 10.1.1.1
Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway (probably leave this unassigned)
DNS Server(s) (your ISP provides these numbers - put them here)

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3290575
Asker : kevins@...
Subject : Career Path
Private : Yes

Question : Paul:

I would like your opinion on what direction I should take with my IT career. I love the field that I am in and the company that I work for but I need an increase in my salary which I don't think my present company will give me.

To give you some background on me, I was an Electronics Technician in the Navy for approx. 12 years.

For the past 3 1/2 years I have been working in the Information Technology field. I started working at a couple of help desks getting customer service, phone troubleshooting, network administration skills. The past 2 years I have worked at a company that I do almost everything at except program. I have two certifications CNA Netware 4.11 and MCP, and I hope to complete my MCSE by December.

My current company network is small (about 10 servers; NT and Netware and although we have a variety of operating systems and applications, I am not getting any WAN experience. I am also 41 and I am afraid if I stay at this company too long I might have a hard time getting employed some place else.

My short term objective is to obtain a IT job with a salary of approx. $55,000. My long term objective is to work as a network engineer with upward mobility that would allow me to eventually become Sr. Network Engineer or IT Manager.

I would like your opinion as to how I'm doing right now in working towards my goal, what would you suggest my next career move should be and if my age is a liability.

Thank You,

Kevin Sokolick

Answer : If the company you are with will not raise you are right to go looking (if the networking specialty pays more in your geographic area). Unfortunately age discrimination is alive and well in IT - I'm almost 35 (next week) myself and, while I have not seen much of it personally, I can easily see it everywhere I look in the form of young managers who are unwilling to have people older or more experienced than themselves under them. I'm hoping the aging baby boomers will help with this trend... maybe it's a false hope.

As for landing a job with a specific salary you have not said what you make now so I'm not aware of how much a jump this will be for you. If it's not more than about 15% you can probably just go find another job in the same area and ask for that with no problems. The systems administration field is easily capable of paying like that. I have a friend who recently transplanted to Colorado and is doing NT admin and is making mid-70s so you can do it.

The certifications will certainly add weight to your resume for the technical jobs. However, if you are wanting to end up in management of some sort, I would skip the tech stuff altogether (you know all you need to know to manage by this point). Go right for entry-level management jobs - manage a help desk, for example.

Well I hope some of that helps... let me know if there is anything you would like to follow up on...

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities


Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3403669
Asker : jag149704
Subject : NT4.O
Private : No

Question : Hi, please can you help me with a problem,

i am using my stand-alone pc that normally has a local printer attached. Unfortunately the printer has a problem and is being repaired, how can i still "print" my documents so that when are ready to physically print when the printer is returned?






Many thanks

Answer : Just go to:

Start/Settings/Printers

Right-click on the printer in question and select "Use Printer Offline". When you hook it back up you can unselect the same option to re-enable the printer and priunt the jobs that are queued up.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3403752
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Windows NT workstation 4.0
Private : Yes

Question : I am having problems with a 16 bit application if i use performance monitor would i encounter any problems? as it is a 16 bit application is their anything i could do to alleviiate the potential problems.



Many thanks

Need More Information : Are you set to run the app in it's own memory space? That's one thing that can help isolate that buggy app so it doesn't do any damage when it goes down.

You haven't detailed what is wrong with it so I'm not sure what you want PerfMon to do for you. I'd try isolating the app or finding a replacement.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : I am only asking in theory, as I know you are a knowledgeable computer guru the best I have come across.

The question that I would much like you to answer is :-

For example if I were to have problems with a sixteen bit application and the application was not running in its own NTVDM and I decided to use performance monitor , what problems might I have and what could I do to avoid them for example running the application in its own NTVDM?

Also assume you are trying to monitor MS-DOS programs using performance monitor what problems might I come across if any.


Many thanks

jag

Answer : I can't think of any problems that could come from it - you may have trouble isolating what effects (disk/swap/ram usage, etc) come from the DOS app since it will reside in the one virtual machine NT sets aside for them. If it's the only 16-bit/DOS app you have running then you can track the DOS app by watching the one virtual machine.

As for things to protect you against the app I would only suggest running it in a separate memory space or changing your settings for write-behind caching to avoid damaging your hard disk in the event of a crash (may help the app too)

http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q219/0/22.ASP

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3446164
Asker : jag149704
Subject : NT4.0
Private : Yes

Question : Dear Pauldoherty,

I would like to use a cached copy of a roaming user profile how would i do this.





many thanks

jag

Answer : Make the user's home directory inaccessible...


From a newsgroup conversation:

"Heya,
My <small> company is moving from using roaming profiles to using local ones to help reduce network traffic. This procedure is very simple for our NT users, however I am having a difficult time disabling roaming profiles for our Windows 95 users.
It seems that my options are either no profiles on Windows 95 machines or roaming provfiles only. Is there a way to force 95 machines to use a local profile specific to the user (i.e. not default/mandatory etc...) that would be transparent to the user? If the users home directory is inaccessible then it will use the cached copy of the profile and will not write a copy back to the server at shutdown, this is useless however because the users need a home directory.
Basically I need to allow 9x users to use profiles, but I want them all stored locally. What can I do to make this happen?"

"This behaviour is 'by design', ie. when a roaming profile is not available (vcannot be downloaded) the user will be logged on with 'cached credentials' and he/she will get a fresh copy of the 'default user' profile. If in the meantime (while user is logged on) the
roaming profile server comes back online and user(s) logoff, they will overwrite their previously beautifully saved roaming profile with the now 'mucky' default one. (as you've found)
There is a registry setting that could be used to prevent the local caching of logon credentials:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon CachedLogonsCount REG_SZ 0 - 50 (decimal) entries
Default: 10
Determines how many user account entries are saved in the logon cache on the local computer. Windows NT saves user account information used to log on to the computer so it can be used in the event that the users domain controller is unavailable.
If the value of this entry is 0, Windows NT does not save any user account information in the logon cache.
If a users domain controller is not available and the user tries to log on a computer that does not have their account information,
Windows NT displays the following message:

"The system cannot log you on now because the domain DomainName is not available."

Notes
This value entry does not appear in the Registry unless you add it or use a program that edits the Registry.
You must restart Windows NT to make changes to this value entry
effective.
----
Theoretically (I haven't tried this) this setting can be applied using system policies (haven't got Poledit available here so can't tell you the exact wording for the policy :-( but should be fairly obvious This should prevent the user from logging on to the domain and
creating a new profile when the domain controller is offline"

"The point I was trying to make is, that, yes you can delete the
locally cached copies of roaming profiles with a policy setting, but it will then just create a fresh one if the roaming one cannot be found.
However, my theory was based on something else.
Nnormally nt also caches (up to 10) logon credentials for users having logged on to this system.It can then happen, that if the domain
controller you are trying to get validated at isn't available, you are being logged on 'using cached credentials'.
If that happens you would get a new profile.!!! because you're logged on.
If however you deny nt the possibility to log you on using cached credentials (with the setting I mentioned) it can't log you on with cached credentials ('cuz there aren't any available), so you can't get validated, so you can't logon, so you won't get a new (screwed up) profile.
Haven't tried this myself for current lack of a setup that allows me to do that, but the theory sounds ok (to me anyway :-)))))
(But as has happened to me in the past as well, I might just have overlooked something :-((((
Let us know how this works out."

"When using a mandatory profile a user can make changes to desktop and work environment settings during a single logon session, but these changes are not saved when the user logs off.

1. Create a profile and save it with the extension .man on a share on the network. Point the users to that profile by typing in the path to the profile in the User Profile Path textbox in User Manager for Domains. (A mandatory profile is the same as a roaming with the only difference that changes will not be saved and multiple users can use the same profile.).

2. The system saves a cached copy of every profile in
%systemroot%\profiles.
You can have theses cached copies deleted during logoff if you add a value to the registry:
HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\winlogon\ and add the value DeleteRoamingCache=1(REG_DWORD).

3. The TS Home Directory and Rootdrive is used for applications and to store files that are only needed when runnin a TS Session, it also store temp saves, and sometimes it is usefull to have a separate home directory for TS... :-)

4. You can control which users that will be affected by the policy if you use groups, that way you can store the policy file in the netlogon share. But if you want to store it in a different place you can do that if you type the path to it in the 'System Policies Update'|'Remote Update' section in the Computer Policy.

5. You need only one policy if you load all the templates (.adm files) you need."

I hope that all helps... I'm not a policies expert.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue






Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3496020
Asker : netwrkengeer
Subject : severs
Private : No

Question : Dear Expert,
I have an issue that I'm constantly running into, the issue is what servers to use. Everyone has a different opinion. I'm starting an Internet site and need some advice; my site will experience a lot of traffic and will run database queries often have secure transactions, log-ins, streaming audio and video. My question is,
What are each of these system best suited for, Compaq, Dell, IBM, Cobalt, DEC Alpha, Sun, and a pc clone. What separates all these system? What is each one best used for? For example is a dell good for database and a sun good for front-end connection to the Internet.
If you could explain their best uses and your suggestion on what to use
That would be perfect. If not that is ok too. I appreciate your time, and I hope this question is not too long.
Sincerely,
Robert

Answer : My own opinion is that UNIX is the best choice for internet applications. You can't beat the speed and stability of UNIX for these types of apps. Unless you need NOS functions I would go with a Sun or IBM RS/6000.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 3


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QAId : 3505981
Asker : jisanka@...
Subject : impacts of the computer on workforce
Private : No

Question : I am doing o research paper on the impacts computers have had on the work force. I need to know some statistics on the subjuct as well as some information on it. Where can I go to find this information? Where can I find an academic or professional journal with this information?Please help!!!!!!!1

Answer : Try these hits:

http://www.google.com/search?q=impacts+personal+computer+workforce+productivity

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 3562368
Asker : kjhechler@...
Subject : formating a computer
Private : No

Question : I have a computer that was previously used for business purposes and now I am going to let my 17 year old use it for school. It has windows 95, it is a pentium 233mhz, 32mg ram, 4 gig hard drive. It was built by an individual not from a name brand. I want to reformat it and change it to windows 98. I am afraid that if I start the reformat on it I may not have all the drivers or information I need to make it work. What would you suggest I do?

Thank you, Kim

Answer : You said it already has 95 on it - why not try just installing 98 right on top of it (upgrading)? If it fails you can always wipe the drive and perform a clean install afterwards. This also removes your problem of driver availability since you have access to everything currently on the system *and* the 98 CD.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3602317
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : memory allocation failed
Private : No

Question : I downloaded Webshots a few weeks ago. Webshots kept trying to dial up. My internet dialog box stayed open, I could not cancel or close it. Then my computer would lock up. I uninstalled webshots now when I turn my computer on I get the error messge : Device IOS: ERROR: Real mode system memory alloction failed. I can only run it in safe mode. I e-mail Webshots 3x about it but they have not responded. Can this be fix?

Answer : If you are running Windows 98 or 98 SE you can try reinstating the registry from past backups and see if perhaps Webshots or something else has messed with your registry.

Reboot in pure DOS mode (hold CTRL during boot or press F8 for menu).

cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
copy user.dat user.ped
copy system.dat system.ped
cd sysbckup
dir *.cab

(at this point you should see more than one file starting with "RB" and ending in CAB - note the dates on these files and work with the newest one first - for the rest of this example I'll assume the newest one is named "RB002.CAB")

extract /e rb002.cab
copy /y system.dat ..
copy /y user.dat ..

Now reboot your machine - if the problem persists repeat the above steps (except for the initial backup where you copy both to .ped files - keep the first set of those as they are your current registry and can be put back if none of the backups help) with each later backup file.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4
Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3690949
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : I'm unemployed at this time.
In the paper, many ads want a fax.
Do you know where i can get a good free fax
program?
I have works.
Any other info would be helpful.

Thanks
LEE

Answer : If you have a faxmodem here's bunch of apps that will let you send or receive faxes:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/apps/98/fax.html


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3780354
Asker : johnielw
Subject : Slow Computer
Private : No

Question : I have a 500Mhz computer with 128MB Ram and 2-13.5 GByte hard disks. I am using Windows 98 with Upgrades and the latest and greatest Internet Explorer from the web and a 56K/56Kflex, V90 Modem.

My problem is that my computer is running slower than it ever has before. I have very few programs installed on my system. Yesterday I thought I may have been invaded by a virus so I bought and installed a McAfee VirusScan program which did not find any virus's.

It doesn't appear to make any difference whether I am using the Internet or just using my computer as a stand-alone system working in one of my programs like Word 2000. The system is still extremely slow.

Please help if possible.

Answer : I would do two things:

1) Press CTRL-ALT-DEL and examine the list for applications/utilities that may be running and may not present an interface to you the user. Any that you are not actively using (besides "Explorer" and "systray" should be killed (use End Task button). Then see if the slowness goes away when each dies.

2) If #1 does not help you isolate the bad app (or if you get down to explorer and systray only and the problem still persists) try going out on the web and get the latest drivers for your video and audio from your manufacturer's website. Go here for them:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4076145
Asker : davebaker
Subject : advanced power management
Private : No

Question : I have a k62 550 pc with 20gig HD 256MB ram...The icon for power management is missing from the control panels folder. Plus, when I run the "add hardware" wizard, it does not detect power management. It used to be there....? How do I reinstall it?

Answer : Check that your BIOS settings for power management are correct. It sounds like those functions are set wrong or disabled. Enter the BIOS screens just before the boot begins (usually by pressing DEL).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Ok, I reset the bios to its default settings and restarted. Windows reloaded EVERYTHING in the system control panel, including the advanced power management support. It still doesn't show in control panels, but it does show in the device manager as working properly with no conflicts. I checked in display properties and the screen saver power management settings. Pressing the "settings" button does nothing. On my other computer it brings up the power management properties like it should. Any more ideas would be appreciated.

Answer : Make sure the default BIOS PM settings include video/monitor support enabled. If they do and are already set that way then I would suggest you manually set your monitor type (if you haven't already) under the Display control panel. Once that is set *to a monitor type that supports power-down on blank signal* you should get the options you are looking for...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4420731
Asker : bmiah999
Subject : inter net server
Private : Yes

Question : can you teel what software and hardware do i need to build my own internet server. what i should do to keep it running. do i need a liscence to run my internet server or do i need to pay one for having my own internet server.

Your Greatfully
Ma Akik Miah

Answer : Probably the easiest setup you can use to make your own web server would be running a Windows 2000 machine and IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server).

As for the licensing I think all you'll need to do is get a domain name registered (like mycompany.com.in). If you'd rather not deal with the hassles you can pay companies to host the hardware, OS and web server for you, and you can create the content (or they can do that too), letting you focus on the parts of the business that suit you best.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4440517
Asker : rock22
Subject : general question
Private : Yes

Question : i am very begginer
Can u plz briefly make me clear difference
between the manual system, computer system
and computer based system.

plz also mail the ans on following email

informme_pk@yahoo.com
thanks

Need More Information : I am not sure what you are asking. Can you give more detail?

FUQuestion : i have to write two or three pages on
Difference betwwen manual system, computer system
and computer based system.general information required
what is manual system?
what is computer system?
what is computer based system?

Answer : I guess I've never heard these terms compared so I'll just take a shot.

A manual system is one that accomplishes a task without the benefit of computers. An example would be a checkout person in a grocery who hand-calculates your grocery total (and tracks inventory by hand too) and also calculates your change by hand as well.

A computer system is a grouping of hardware and software designed to compute. A PC is a computer system. Most computer systems are of a general-purpose nature, meaning they can be programmed to perform a nearly infinite array of tasks.

A computer-based system is one in which computer systems have been brought to bear on different tasks. In our grocery example a computer system could replace some of the hand-done work. One way is by equipping the computer with software to handle ringing up customers. Another would be by adding a barcode scanner to track inventory (and ring up purchases).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4562664
Asker : bob@...
Subject : helpdesk software
Private : No

Question : I have a small IT services company with 6 tech.s we are looking for a good help desk software solution that will work with several hundred clients there are so many choices would you recomend a help desk software any information would be helpful thanks Bob McKIm

Answer : At more than one place I've worked the one in use is a product called Remedy. I'd suggest you take a look at it.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4572914
Asker : dakhli
Subject : about MCSE
Private : No

Question : hello:
i want to know how to become a good MCSE and if this job will be marketable for the 10 coming years?
Finally i wish you a good continuity.

Answer : I believe there will certainly be systems administration jobs for more than 10 years. Systems always need people who understand them at a level far greater than is necessary for a normal user of the system. As for being a "good" MCSE you need to get some real experience to go with your MCSE. If you can gain the experience as you test so much the better. A truly good MCSE will be one with education (degree preferably) and experience in the IT field as well as their MCSE credential.

Good luck to you,

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4596646
Asker : whatnowwhat
Subject : just some time ....
Private : Yes

Question : Hallo !
I am neel ! I am working as software developer in India ! I have been working for two years now but then it has so happened that I do not know about internal workings of Windows (I am little dumb !) So I wanted to know in which book or on which internet site I can get information about internals of windows or rather internals of OS like 'Address Space ' or 'Heap' and stack and still deeper ! And yes of course message pumps and dispatches ! I prefer books but then anything will be a help !
please reply !
I feel incomplete without it !

Answer : Try this website:

http://www.sysinternals.com/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hallo again !
This is neel !
I am sorry i am bothering you again !
I want to access the serial port from withing the ATL COM DLL Is it advisable to do so ?

Greetings
Neel
Declined (Reason) : I've never tried so I can't say.


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QAId : 4658702
Asker : bobbysingh61@...
Subject : computer science and information systems
Private : No

Question : I would like to know what people in information systems do. What kinds of jobs do they do.

Answer : Here's some good info:

http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos042.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4658720
Asker : bobbysingh61@...
Subject : computer science and information systems
Private : No

Question : I would like to know what people in information systems do. What kinds of jobs do they do.

Answer : Here's some good info:

http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos042.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4691286
Asker : lesterlsb@...
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : when boot up my pc, i can read my post and windows 98 screen perfect but when my desktop screen comes up it is unreadable. What can I do?

Answer : Sounds like a video driver or a bas video setting. Reboot the machine and hold the CTRL key until a menu appears. Choose Safe Mode. This will bring you into Windows in VGA mode (ugly, but it works). From here right-click an open area of your desktop and select Properties (takes you to the Display control panel is all). Under the Settings tab select 640x480 resolution and 256 colors. Then head into the Advanced button just below there and on into Monitor. make sure it has the monitor that you are actually using. If not, make it so. Then OK your way out and reboot. Then you can jack it up to 800x600 or 1024x768 (or whatever) after you get in succesfully.

Next time please use a subject that described what you're asking about. It makes it really tough to look up previous answers with "computer" as a subject of a Windows display problem. Thanks.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4696837
Asker : mpschmitt
Subject : systems
Private : Yes

Question :
I am interested in designing a method to set up a dvd player that could transmit and receive information from/to a pc. I am looking for a solution to this. I would like to incorporate a keyboard into a dvd so credit card numbers could be put in, sent to the pc for authorization and linked back to power up the dvd player.

Need More Information : This sounds like you're making a kiosk where people can swipe a credit card to pay a fee so they can watch a DVD movie?

FUQuestion : yes

Answer : Well as you know you are looking at some custom apps here. You will need a program that can monitor the input device (touchscreen?) for customer input, handle the credit card transaction in the background (the kiosk needs an internet link I expect), and then invokes the DVD player after authorization. Not terribly hard to do I wouldn't think. Sounds like a pretty good idea. Where are you going to put these? The airport would be a good place I would think.

Best of luck,
--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Would you mind signing the nondisclose non compete agreement so we can discuss specifics?

This agreement is made as of the January 26, 2001, by and between: Paul Doherty and Leeds Schmitt Enterprises.

This Agreement shall govern the conditions of disclosure by Leeds Schmitt Enterprisesto Paul Doherty of certain "Confidential Information" including but not limited to prototypes, drawings, data, trade secrets and intellectual property relating to the "Patent Pending" invention named "Movies on the Fly" invented by Leeds Schmitt Enterprises. With regard to the Confidential Information, Paul Doherty hereby agrees:
1. Not to use the information therein except for evaluating its interest in entering a business relationship with Leeds Schmitt Enterprises, based on the invention.
2. To safeguard the information against disclosure to others with the same degree of care as exercised with its own information of a similar nature.
3. Not to disclose the information to others, without the express written permission of Leeds Schmitt Enterprises, except that:
a. which Paul Dohertycan demonstrate by written records was previously known;
b. which are now, or become in the future, public knowledge other than through acts or omissions of Paul Doherty;
c. which are lawfully obtained by Paul Dohertyfrom sources independent of Leeds Schmitt Enterprises;
4. That Paul Dohertyshall not directly or indirectly acquire any interest in, or design, create, manufacture, sell or otherwise deal with any item or product, containing, based upon or derived from the information, except as may be expressly agreed to in writing by Leeds Schmitt Enterprises.
5. That the secrecy obligations of Paul Dohertywith respect to the information shall continue for a period ending 3 years from the date hereof.

Leeds Schmitt Enterpriseswill be entitled to obtain an injunction to prevent threatened or continued violation of this Agreement, but failure to enforce this Agreement will not be deemed a waiver of this Agreement.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Parties have hereunto executed this Agreement as of the day and year first above written.

Paul Doherty

By: _____________________________ Date: _____________

Title:___________________________


Leeds Schmitt Enterprises

I will set up my fax 402 932 4067 as this is my phone also I can only keep the fax on till 1:30 pm central time today

FUQuestion : I'll be back form work around 11PM central
Declined (Reason) : I am not willing to sign NDAs to answer questions for free.

Good luck on your venture!

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4750722
Asker : jassifi
Subject : solaris 8.0
Private : No

Question : I neeed help on how to manually configure my solaris box on our network. I want to be able to surf using netscape. I dont want to use dhcp, i want to give it its ip address, netmask and gateway and have it surf the net. Please help me with the steps to do this. Thank you very much.

Jeff

Answer : Become root and do a:

ifconfig -a

This will tell you what network card you have available (ex - le0 - be aware that lo0 is the "loopback" device and is not for use).

Now issue this command:

ifconfig le0 10.11.12.13 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 10.11.12.255 up

where

'10.11.12.13' is the IP address you want to give the machine

'10.11.12.255' is the broadcast address for that network

Then you may also need to perform a:

echo 10.11.12.1 > /etc/defaultrouter

which will create a defaultrouter file which contains the IP address of the machine that provides your default gateway to machines outside your LAN segment.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities






----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4797023
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : University Decision
Private : No

Question : Hi, I'm going to choose a university in Ontario for a course in computers. I'm thinking about taking computer science in the university of Waterloo or taking computer engineering in the university of Toronto. Waterloo is very famous for their engineering and computer science programs and many companies from the US hire students before they graduate.
The problem is that I don't have a high enough mark to be accepted in Waterloo for their computer engineering course but I do have a high enough mark for computer science. The university of Toronto requires a lower mark for computer engineering and I can probably get in.
Do you think I will get a better job by taking computer engineering in U of T or taking computer science in Waterloo?

Answer : You really are the only one who can answer which jobs are the best. Each degree will lead to different types of jobs. The engineering degree will likely lead to you working on the design of computer circuits, while the computer science will more likely focus on operating systems and programming. Both career paths have plenty of opportunity and pay well, as does the whole IT industry. Once you know which types of jobs fit better with your goals and likes then I would say go with that choice at the best school you can get into. IOW - I wouldn't base my decision on only the school's reputation, and I certainly wouldn't change my major just to go a different school.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4809262
Asker : naneekd@...
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : Tell me a few of the best sound cards available on the market.

Answer : Diamond MX-400
Aureal Vortex 2 SQ2500
Creative Labs SoundBlaster Live
Philips Edge

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities






----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4881823
Asker : aliasgarv
Subject : What is directory services?
Private : No

Question : Hello,
Can you pls explain to me the terminology Novell Directory Services???

Thankyou

Answer : A "directory service" is just a technology of an NOS (Network Operating System) that allows all items used by the NOS (servers, users, printers, apps, etc) to be symbolized as objects. It also allows for easy organization of these objects into a hierarchical tree structure. The primary benefits are scalability and ease of administration (far easier to admin large networks with NDS than without). An NDS network is easier on users too. Instead of them having to login separately to all the servers which contain things they need, they login once to the NDS tree and have instant access to all the objects of the network they have rights to, no matter where they are physically located.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4889280
Asker : mcrow@...
Subject : panson9.drv file
Private : No

Question : A friend of mine has an older computer with windows 3.11.He wants to use it mostly for his childs school work(typing reports etc.)When we try to get his printer working it says there is no printer installed.When we try to install his printer,the computer says we need a disk with panson9.drv file.How can I get a copy of this file on a floppy disk to run in his computer

Answer : Go to the site below and get the printer drivers for Windows 3.11 and the specific printer you are trying to use.

http://www.winfiles.com/drivers


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4898110
Asker : Stealth72
Subject : Programming
Private : Yes

Question : Hey. I'm new here as an expert for Basic HTML. I know intermediate, but didn't want to get stuck with a quesion I couldn't answer. :) anyway, I'm now learning Computer Programming. Do you know where I can get a website that list some of the source codes for C++? Or a site that will help me learn? Thanx.

Answer : Welcome to AskMe.com! We're always glad to have some more help! :-)

Here's an excellent site:

http://www.devx.com/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4951021
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : I NEED YOUR ADVICE
Private : Yes

Question : THIS MY SECOND YEAR IN THE UNIVERSITY ,I'M COMPUTER SCIENCE MAJOR . MY PROBLEM IS MANY OF MY COLEAGUE ARE NOW DOING SOME CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS LIKE NETWORKING AND MANY OTHER. WHAT KIND OF CERTIFICATION WILL YOU ADVISE ME TO DO THAT I WILL NOT REGRET LATER THAT I WASTE MY MONEY. ALSO, I LIKE TO BE ONE OF THE BEST IN ANY THING I'M DOING ,SO IDON'T WANT A SITUATION WHERE BY I WILL FINISH MY SCHOOL I WILL NOT GET THE KIND OF JOB I'M EXPECTING MY SELF TO GET.PLS RECOMEND VARIOUS TYPE OF CERTICATION COURSES YOU THINK IT CAN BE USEFUL FOR ME.

Answer : For a comp sci major I would suggest you work towards a MCSD (MS Certified Developer). If your focus is in programming this will aid you in landing your initial job as you will be both degreed and certified.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : HOW I'M GOING TO GO ABOUT IT, IF IWANT TO DO IT.IS THERE ANY SPECIAL CLASS FOR IT , IF YOU HAVE ANY ADDRESS IN HOUSTON TEXAS, PLS GIVE OR THRE WEB PAGE.
THANKS.

Answer : For the exact requirements go here and click MCSD at the left:

http://www.microsoft.com/trainingandservices/default.asp?PageID=mcp


Several of the requirement tests can be studied for here for free:

http://freeskills.efront.com/listcourses/cobrand/freeskills/category/8

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4951637
Asker : mini2
Subject : Guard Digits
Private : Yes

Question : Hi Paul,
Can you please provide some information as to what Guard Digits really are, what they are used for, how they are used. Any website containing information on this specific subject will be highly appreciated since I really need theoretical information. Thanks a lot for your help!

Answer : I have no experience with guard digits, but I did find this reference on it (after opening it do a find on "guard digits"):

http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~cs270/goldberg.pdf

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4958075
Asker : ebookerjr
Subject : Com Ports
Private : No

Question : Hi!

At my job we have machines that hook up to the computer via com1, which isn't usually a problem, until we got our new (old) computer for the shop. This one needs com1 for the mouse, since ther is not a port for it. Is there a way to assign the mouse to another com port?

Thanks for your time Edward Booker

Answer : Sure - if you have more than one serial port just move the mouse to the second port. Most mouse drivers will find it. If you don;t have another serial port you'll need to go buy a serial port card for the PC. This will be an ISA or PCI card that has one or two serial ports on it. Shouldn't cost more than 15-20 dollars.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 5026875
Asker : fun7dy1328
Subject : question
Private : Yes

Question : Hi,

I had a question that may seem silly, but I'll ask it any. I was wondering how does one determine the type of operating
systems (quantitatively) to put into an information systems environment. I was also wondering how does one evaluate information systems environments?

I am a beginning engineer and am doing extra practice work to enhance my skills. I just wanted a basic answer to this so that I fully understand how information systems environments are developed and the types of operating systems and the number of OS that go into such environments.

Any assistance is appreciated.
Thanks in advance.

Need More Information : I'm not sure what you're asking - do you mean how do you determine the needs in terms of number of machines and OS choice for a particular purpose? If so I'd say there is no hard and fast rule - it's more a matter of experience of knowing what in the past has failed and developing rules of thumb that you use as general guidelines - like "1 server per 50 users"

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Hi,

An example would be why would I select Windows 2000/NT over Unix in an engineering firm that has 200 users(staff)? How do I evaluate the properties of an operating system is what I trying to ask.
THanks again.

Answer : Again I'll have to say that experience (and bias) play a big role here. There is no hard and fast rule - you decide what is important to you. Is stability the number one goal? You'll likely be looking at a UNIX machine. Is price a major consideration? Perhaps an Intel X86 machine running Linux. Or if manageability is a primary goal perhaps you'll want Windows 2000. I'm sorry if it seems I'm evading the question - it's just that every situation like that is unique and I can't offer any real objective things (i.e. a "formula") for choosing these things.

As for just comparing operating systems some of the items I mentioned above are a very good place to start:

price
stability
performance
multiuser/multitasking behavior
memory capacity
management difficulty/expense
programmability

I hope I've helped and not just muddied the waters for you.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities


Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5047698
Asker : brucelovatt
Subject : computer error
Private : No

Question : Paul -- Since you obviously know far more about computers than I, and you have the same last name as my favorite uncle, I am writing to you in the hopes that you can solve a problem that has just about driven me to distraction.

Every few days I get the following "blue screen of death" that freezes my computer and mouse solid. I have reloaded Windows (ME) several times to no avail and tried several socalled fixes. Nothing seems to work and since I am a novice, if there ever was one, I simply don't know what to do next. Can you help?

The message that I periodically get is as follows: "An exception OE has occurred at oo28:Coo3oB76 in VxD---. This was called from 0028:coo2FoE9 in VxD---. It may be possible to continue..." but it never is. (I may have my "O"s confused with my "0"s but I trust you get the idea? This problem usually occurs at the precise moment I connect with aol, yet they insist it is my system, not theirs, that is causing the problem.

As this error message becomes more frequent, I am on the verge of teaching this computer how to fly and then buying a Mac, which is probably what I should have done in the first place.

I would welcome your sugguestion if you should have one but, at the same time, I am reluctant to try things at random for fear of screwing up things worse than they already are. I have already been down that road.

Thanks for whatever assistance you may offer.

Sincerely
Bruce Lovatt,
Toronto


Answer : Unfortunately I'll have to agree with the AOL folks. Nothing their system can do should cause your machine to puke like this. I'm wondering if you have a so-called "WinModem"? If you do then I'm going to recommend that you get the latest drivers for your model as the issue you're describing definitely leads me to believe that driver has some issues. You can find your modem manufacturer in this list - follow the instructions for the download and install and see if that doesn't clear it up. If it doesn't ask me another question (or follow-up this one) and let me know what happened.

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/modems.html


Tell your uncle "hi" for me! :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Paul -- Sorry to bother you again but my modem is "HSP56 MicroModem, driver: COMM.DRV 5872 bytes." It came in my Compaq that I bought six months ago.

I went to your web site that you suggested but I was too confused and intimidated to sort it out and take any action. Do the above modem numbers give you any ideas? Is there any specific instruction you can suggest now?
Thanks again for your help.
-- Bruce Lovatt

Answer : Try some of these drivers, straight from Compaq:

http://www.compaq.com/support/files/networking/modems/56K.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5145072
Asker : www_nabil_dakhli
Subject : problem
Private : No

Question : hello:
I have a problem with network,when i click the
network neighborhood i can't find immadiately the
other computers but they appear after a long time
and when i use ping command the PCs respond me,
what's the matter after you?it's very urgent please.
thank you..

Answer : One thing to try is to ensure that only one machine is attempting to be the browse master. On each workstation right-click the Network Neighborhood and select Properties. Then double-click on the File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks item in the list, choosing "Disabled" for all workstation machines. If you have an NT Server on your network then this is all you need do. If there is no server then leave one workstation set to "Enabled".


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5258556
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : computer languange
Private : No

Question : Hi, my high school is now offering a program for kids interetested in computers, which I am. There is a curriculum and I know it has something to do w/ computers, but I dont understand what it means. Can you please tell me what the stuff below means, in laymans terms, and what they do. Thank you very much! They are:

-Database development,modeling,design and normalization,sample applications w/ oracle webpd

-introduction to SQL and PL/SQL,SQL(select statement; data definition,manipulation,and control languanges, transaction control) Basic PL/SQL blocks, functions, cursors, records, tables, exceptions

-Java Programming. History of java, object-orinted and event-driven program functions, essential concepts and programming elements of the Java Languange, Client-side applicatoins. applets, and javabeans components

-Java Database Applications. JavaBeans, JDBC, and SQLJ database functionality within clien-side Java applications, database forms within java applications.

Answer : The first is an Oracle database class that will show you how to group data to fit into databases you create.

The second is the language of queries in Oracle - the syntax you use to get data out of the database.

Java is a programming language used a lot on the web. It is similar to C++ in appearance.

I'm not familiar with these offshoots of Java, but JDBC sounds like DataBase Connectivity via Java. So this course appears to show how to interact with databases with Java programming.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5282697
Asker : ellakota46
Subject : Java 2 Runtime Enviroment
Private : No

Question : What is Java 2 Runtime Enviroment in a personal computer. Program was included in my new pc but, I don't know what it is or what it's supposed to do. Thanks for your help.

Answer : That would be the support structure necessary for your mahcine to be able to run Java apps. Some Java apps require intepreting (they are not compiled in the traditional sense as stand-alone apps) which is why you need the support pieces in place to run them.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5480188
Asker : Gidget67
Subject : Fire Wall
Private : No

Question : Do you think it is necessary to have a Fire Wall to prevent hackers etc.?? I have McAfee Clinic Virus Shield, and if you recommend a Fire Wall do you recommend I stick with McAfee or go with a free one? Also, do they use a lot of memory and are they complicated to use??
Thanks,
Gidget

Answer : They can limit your connections until you open them up for what you want to be able to do.

I would suggest starting with a free one that is well-rated like ZoneAlarm. If it doesn't do what you need you can get a pay one like Norton Personal Firewall which is probably one of the best out there.

ZoneAlarm can be had for free here:

http://www.zdnet.com/downloads/partners/zonealarm/download.html

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCP+I/MCSE/CCSA/CCSE
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5693738
Asker : coeme16
Subject : solaris
Private : No

Question : Hi,
i want to ftp into a sun solaris machine as root.i am using cute ftp.the root login fails.i have modified the /etc/default/login file to allow remote login by the root and i have also modified the /etc/ftpusers file to allow ftp by root.still i cant login as root.what should i do.plz help me.
ali

Need More Information : Did you remove root from the /etc/ftpusers file? The ftpusers is who cannot ftp.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS and Windows Utilities

Answer : Although I would recommend you obtain and install SSH instead of ftping as root as this represents a big security risk.

FUQuestion : listen i told u in my question as well that i have modified the /etc/ftpusers file which meant that root was no longer there still i get this shit from u after a day that remove root from this file.
u drunk or what ???

Answer : First off, you have been reported for your abusive attitude and use of profanity.

Secondly it is not at all clear that "have also modified the /etc/ftpusers file to allow ftp by root" includes *rewmoving root from the file* since a) it is non-intuitive, considering the name of the implies that the users listed in it *should* be allowed to ftp, when in fact it is these users who are *prevented* from ftping and b) because removing root from this file *is* the one and only needed step to allow root to ftp.

Thirdly when you start paying my salary I will start checking for new questions every half hour or hour. Until then I have a life and a job to attend to. Considering the service costs you nothing it doesn't behoove you to insult the experts on the site or complain about the time it took to receive your free reply.

FUQuestion : there are times when one says things under pressure.
its not meant really.sorry anyways.i hope u will accept my appology.

Answer : Apology accepted.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5796029
Asker : pattdsgn@...
Subject : Desktop Setting
Private : No

Question : I changed my desktop setting so the type and Icons appeared very large. I'm teaching an intro to computers class for senior citizens and wanted to see what the type options looked like. Now I want to change it back to the normal size and returned to the desktop settings. The dialog window is so big I cannot move it up the page far enough to click on any controls at the lower end of the window. I cannot figure out how to get out of this except to attach a larger screen monitor to my computer which is not practical.
Can you give me any tips?
Thanks.

Answer : The size of the monitor won't help - you'll just get a bigger version of the same problem. Try setting the resolution temporarily higher. If you're currently at 640x480 or 800x600 try going to 1024x768 or 1152x864. At that higher resolution you may be able to see enough of the dialogs to change your settings back.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5856106
Asker : Artashes
Subject : A little problem...
Private : Yes

Question : Dear expert!

I'm not sure if I choosed the correct section at AskMe.com, so if not, please suggest me the right category. But I think I choosed the right one.

So, I have a little problem with my Notebook. Here is the story. I bought my IBM 390 ThinkPad two years ago. The total of 3 GB on two drives: C - 2 GB and D - 1 GB. It has been working really good until I decided to install Norton System Works 2000. It's great program that I thought could help me keep the notebook in a good shape and take care of all kind of maintanence stuff.

Anyhow, during the installation I had a little error in one of program's parts, so then I decided to uninstall itand re-install it one more time. But when the time came to re-installing, it couldn't do so because of not enough space on C drive. And every time I reboot my computer, I have to press "any key" to load windows - it says that it has a problem with AntiVirus due to wrong uninstallation.

Well, I tried to install the program on D drive (because there are still 600 free megs there), but the Norton Antivirus is in zip-file and it needs spece on C to un-pack the fil, which I don't have.

So now, I'm stuck with no space on C (though it drives me crazy - where the hell did the whole space go if i uninstalled the program??) and problematic rebooting my notebook. Though when the Windows is loaded, everything works without a problem. I use the computer only to work with documents and receive e-mails from my office.

But yesterday I found two folder "Temp" and "Temporary Internet Files" on C drive in "Windows" folder. TEMP folder contains a lot of my old documents I worked with long time ago and even big parts of NORTON installation folders!!! This "Temp" folder is 600 megabytes!!! So, I need your suggestion - what do I do now to resolve this situation?? Can I delete everything in this TEMP folder because another one "Temporary Internet Files" contains coockies and it says its dangerous to delete them.. Well, I don't know.

So, will it harm my system if I delete the entire "TEMP" folder to free up disk space, so I could reinstall the Norton System Works 2000 one more time and then keep my computer in a healthy mode? TEMP folder contains really a lot of different files!! I'm afraid if it contains system files and I will harm my computer by deleting them... Please help!

Sincerely,
Artashes (also an expert).

P.S.: I promise - ANY ANSWER WILL BE RATED 5 STARS!

Answer : I would remove the files in the TEMP folder (but not the folder itself), and if you still need more room to reinstall SystemWorks I'd change the drive your swap file resides on (use the System control panel, under the Performance/Virtual Memory tab).


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5971501
Asker : haidar06
Subject : Detect
Private : No

Question : Hi,

when I try to install any game for example like FIFA 99 or 2000, it does install by finally gives me message similar to following: "The Installation cannot detect the hardware"
And finally it doesn't work.
Some games work but will encounter a error during the runing time.

Can you please tell what my problem is.

Thanks for help.

Answer : This sounds like a bad video/audio driver, or not having the needed version (or newer) of DirectX installed.

Get the drivers for your video and audio card here:

http://www.windrivers.com/company.htm

Get DirectX from the "Windows Update" icon in your Start menu.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6015324
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Some problem with Driver
Private : No

Question : Hi There!!
I installed a VIA BUS Master driver I downloaded from the net &
specifically I installed the "Win9x Miniport IDE Driver" option.
The DVD Software I'm using is AsusDVD 2000. Prior to installing the IDE driver,the AsusDVD software worked, but the picture & sound quality wasn't as expected-the programme advised me to install an IDE driver to remedy this problem. Sinceinstalling the IDE software, I am now getting an error code when attempting toplay a DVD. The error message is "ESDI driver or ASPI manager is not compatible." Can you advise me on the next step, or how to uninstall the VIA BUS Master driver I installed (NB- there is no uninstall option at all, only a disable option which doesn't remedy the DVD player's inactivity) - I would prefer to have the software working to a low quality as opposed to not working at all.Also My Pioneer DVD Rom is on the "F" drive & the Teac CD-Writer is on the "G" drive. Since installing this IDE driver they aren't being correctly recognized, e.g.- my CD Writing software isn't working. Following are the configuration of System Harware::-->
SysType: Desktop/Tower
HDCap: 16 gig or more
SysMfg: Other
VidAdapMfg: ATI
OS: Windows 98
MdmPerf: 56k
SysProc: Pentium III
MonSize: 19 inch
SysMem: 128 or more MB
PrinterMfg: Epson
PrinterType: InkJet

Please do help me in any way I am getting "DEsperado" sort of.

Answer : To remove the drive you will want to right-click on the My Computer icon and select Properties. Then open each of "Disk drives" and "Hard disk controllers" and examine the properties for the contained items. Under the Driver tab you can change which driver is being used, or you can just remove the "VIA Bus Master IDE controller" from under the second section. Reboot and Windows should fall back to the default drivers. After that you should re-enter that panel and for each IDE hard disk go to its Settings tab and be sure to enable DMA which may solve your original DVD display problem.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 3


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6026504
Asker : DILLIGAS
Subject : Using XXCOPY with Windows 2000 long file names
Private : No

Question : I was using XXCOPY 2.40.0 with Win98, no problem. Now I would like to use the newest version that they have with Win2000. I just cannot get around the long file name issue.

I am trying to XXCOPY the c:\documents and settings to another drive to backup the data files that I am using. It would be copies to a directory named the same on the other drive.

I am the only user on this machine so there is not an issue of having to do other directories or having the permissions set.

If you have any information on this program, like the batch file syntax that I would need to make this work, it would be greatly appreciated.

This is the current batch file that I am using and the error that I get:

BATCH:

CLS
REM HOPE TO HELL THAT THIS WORKS
XXCOPY C:\Documents and Settings D:\Documents and Settings /BU


ERROR:


C:\>REM HOPE TO HELL THAT THIS WORKS
C:\>XXCOPY C:\Documents and Settings D:\Documents and Settings /BU
XXCOPY Ver 2.44.4 (c)1995-2001 Pixelab, Inc.
Extra argument (Settings)ignored
Extra argument (D:\Documents)ignored
Extra argument (and)ignored
Extra argument (Settings)ignored
Copying with the template,"Documents" from every directory in C:\.
(This warning can be suppressed by /WD0.)
Is this what you really want (Y/N) ? NExit code = 33 (Aborted by user)
C:\>


All help is appreciated.

DILLIGAS

Answer : You are encountering a common problem with long filenames; namely the space. A space acts as a delimiter for DOS - that is, a space is used to separate items from each other on a command line. By copying those long directory names that include spaces you are essentially sending XXCOPY many more arguments than it expects. XXCOPY's syntax probably looks something like this:

XXCOPY Source Destination

What you've sent (when broken up with the spaces) it would be XXCOPY followed by 7 parameters (look for spaces). Try it like this for the result you're after:

XXCOPY "C:\Documents and Settings" "D:\Documents and Settings" /BU

Adding the double quotes around the Source and Destination arguments ensures that they will be treated as one argument each.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6122207
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : telnet query
Private : No

Question : telnet query.
win98 system ping linux system. telnet run in linux system. But from window98 it
refused connection. "rpm -qa|grep telnet*" command display telnet and telnet-server

installed in Linux system. win98 telnet works well with other linux system.
In setup command I activate telnet option. I also reinstalled telnet and telnet-server,

But no results.

Please solve this.

Answer : Check and be sure your telnet daemon is actually enabled. It may have been commented out of /etc/inetd.conf - if it has, re-enable it and restart the inetd daemon (kill -HUP PID_OF_INETD).

To check for what ports are active or listening use a:

netstat -a

and look for 'telnet' (or port 23).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities





----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6333242
Asker : jgriffin12
Subject : networking
Private : No

Question : i have a AMD processor, FIC motherboard, 256mb ram, Linksys 10/100 NIC, running win98 and 2000 pro. both systems cant go out and connect to my network. The protocols and network names on all the computers are the same. im using internet connection sharing so a computer in the network is doing the ip address allocation. the problem is that the AMD machine only shows up in the nieghborhood network but cant be accessed. "pinging" the network card ,127.0.0.1 ,the ip address from ipconfig info all work. When i try to "ping" anything else it states that the network is unavailable. under system the IRQ shows that the network card and my internal sound are on the same request "11". the machine won't let me change the IRQ for either of these thru software. also tried a different NIC and no help. please help thanks. john

Answer : To change IRQs so those don't share will require you to change one of the cards to a different PCI slot.

Sharing an IRQ normally would not have the effect you are describing - this sounds more like a cabling or other network problem.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6410236
Asker : fredv
Subject : Lost Icon
Private : Yes

Question : Hi: Fred here NJ USA.I am useing WINDOWS ME. I seem to have lost my Recycle Bin Icon on my desk top.I think I mite have inadvertently sent the icon to the recycle bin when I was deletings some items.I as a fairly new beginner do not know how to get it back on my desk top.
I can still send items to the recycle bin,so I am assuming the bin itself is takening items sent to it.If this means anything I did rename the recycle bin to Trash Bin.
A friend of mine told me to reinstall the Windows ME start up Disk and the program will just overwrite the programs and by doing this it will reinstall the rcycle bin default icon to empty the bin. Will this work, if not can you show me a simple way to solve this problem. THANK YOU frednvarlese@home.com

Answer : To get your recycle bin back right-click the file C:\Windows\Inf\Shell.inf and select
Install. This will reinstall the standard registry keys. Reboot afterwards and your standard icons should be back.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hi: Went to Start-Search-Files and Folders. In Search for files named. Typed in C:\windows\Tnf\shell.Inf In Containing text Box typed in recycle bin hit search now. Came up with File with a note pad looking icon,Right clicked on icon, hit inatall, closed out, and went to Start, ShutDown, Restart, and rebooted. Did I do the right things in the right order- No Recycle Bin appeared on my Desk top

Answer : No, it's INF, not TNF. :-)

Open the My Computer icon on your desktop, then open the C: drive, then the "Windows" folder, then the "Inf" folder. You may have to tell Windows to show ALL files by using the View/Folder Options/View tab/View All Files (checkbox) to get to see .INF files. Once you can see them right-click on the one named Shell.inf and on the menu that pops up select Install.

Alternatively you can find the file by going to Start/Find/Files and Folders and typing in Shell.inf (and selecting C:\ with subfolders search enabled). Then you can right-click it and install.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6476018
Asker : linkangels
Subject : SirCam Virus
Private : No

Question : Hi.

I think my computer has been hit with SirCam because everytime I want to open any program like Notepad, Wordpad, MS Word etc. It says "Windows cannot find SirCam32.exe. The program is needed for opening files of type 'Application'."

I have downloaded something that says it can remove SirCam but since my computer has a lot of data and currently no means of backing it up I've decided to ask you if you can please look at the programs ReadMe file below and tell me if you think if it is safe.

I'd really appreciate it!


Thank you.


-------------

*******************************************
Utility for cleaning infection by:
I-Worm.BleBla.b
I-Worm.Navidad
I-Worm.Sircam
Version 1.1 Copyright (C) Kaspersky Lab 2000-2001. All rights reserved.
********************************************
I-Worm.BleBla.b
---------------
If program find HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\rnjfile key in registry it:
delete registry keys
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\rnjfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.lha
repair registry key to default value
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpg to jpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpeg to jpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpe to jpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.bmp to Paint.Picture
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.gif to giffile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.avi to avifile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.mpg to mpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.mpeg to mpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.mp2 to mpegfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wmf to empty
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wma to wmafile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wmv to wmvfile
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.mp3 to mp3file
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.vqf to empty
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.doc to word.document.8 or wordpad.document.1
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xls to excel.sheet.8
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.zip to winzip
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.rar to winrar
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.arj to archivefile or winzip
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.reg to regfile
try to delete file
c:\\windows\\sysrnj.exe
I-Worm.Navidad
--------------
If program find HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Navidad,
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\xxxxmas or HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Emanuel key
in registry it:
delete registry keys
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Navidad
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\xxxxmas
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Emanuel
SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Run
Win32BaseServiceMOD
repair registry key to default value
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\exefile\shell\open\command to "%1" %*
try to delete file
winsvrc.vxd
winfile.vxd
wintask.exe
I-Worm.Sircam
-------------
If program find HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\SirCam key in registry,
"@win \recycled\sirc32.exe" in autoexec.bat or \windows\run32.exe and
\windows\rundll32.exe was created on Delphi it:
delete registry keys
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\SirCam
Software\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\RunServices
Driver32
repair registry key to default value
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\exefile\shell\open\command to "%1" %*
try to delete file
%Windows drive%:\RECYCLED\SirC32.exe
%Windows directory%\ScMx32.exe
%Windows system directory%\SCam32.exe
%Windows startup directory%\"Microsoft Internet Office.exe"
%Windows drive%:\windows\rundll32.exe
try to rename files
%Windows drive%:\windows\Run32.exe to
%Windows drive%:\windows\RunDll32.exe
try to repair files
autoexec.bat

In case program can not delete or rename any files (it may be used at
that moment) it set these files to queue to delete or rename during bootup
process and offer user to reboot system.
`

FUQuestion : Sorry, just a correction to make. The error message doesn't ask for SirCam32.exe, it asks for SirC32.exe

Thanx.

Answer : That utility is probably fine to run, but I would use this one instead - it's from Symantec's SARC Anti-Virus site:

http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/w32.sircam.worm@mm.removal.tool.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6540772
Asker : pgunderl51292
Subject : Internet connections
Private : No

Question : I would like to know the different options to connecting to the web. Primarily I am interested in the cost of the different options, and I would like one that did not use my phone line. Someone had mentioned that you can connect by cable instead of by phone lines. Do you have different company names that I can inquire into? Thanks. Any insight would be of help.

Answer : A good site for this is

http://www.getspeed.com

You just put in your address and zip code and it will show you what services are available in your area, how to get them, and how much they cost.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6609975
Asker : asker_
Subject : Graphing Calculator
Private : No

Question : Hi, I'd like to know if there is a way that I can hide programs/games on my TI-89 graphiong calculator. My teacher doesnt want any games on it and she periodically check the programs. I remember once seeing a program online that leaves the program screen blank with a blinking cursor when the program button is pressed, but i cant seem to find it any more. Do you know where i can find this program or any other way I can hide these games.

Answer : You devious child, you. Why don;t you just do what you're supposed to and get some work done?

;-)

http://void.calc.org/archives/82/

"A utility that will allow you to change the name of a program, to lock or unlock programs and to hide/unhide programs. It is also possible to hide programs in TI-OS only, and NOT in CrASH. The source is included."

http://doors.ticalc.org/Explorer.htm


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6757847
Asker : tmarquet10040
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul!

my name is Tawnya, I am from Kennewick, Wa., my question is this:

More often than not, when I go to a new web site the pictures are not downloading, there is a x where any picture should be. I have Windows 98 and IE 6 and use Outlook Express with IE6, any suggestions as to what is causing x's? also, I very often get "this page cannot be displaye" and have to refresh and when that doesn't work start over.

I would appreciate any help! thank you!
Tawnya tmarquette@webbworks.com

Answer : If you're using Norton Personal Firewall it seems to have issues with IE6. Also IE6 does not properly support older versions of QuickTime, and this is usually what is causing images not to load. Go to apple.com and get the latest QuickTime and try again.

Another issues appears to be that IE5.5 and 6 both change the Encoding setting to Auto and a lot of web pages load as Western European (ISO) instead of as Western European (Windows) - try setting permanently to the latter and see if that helps.

More info:
http://members.iinet.net.au/~sandi/MVP/answers.htm#jpg_gif


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Hi Paul,

thank you. My quicktime is up to date already. I can't figure out how to do the setting from auto to ISO, can you plz re email me with how to do it? thanks again! Tawnya

Answer : It's under the View/Encoding menu.
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6784982
Asker : puneet83
Subject : opening ASP in IE
Private : No

Question : Hello !

when I try opening ASP files with IE, IE gives
the download prompt -> whether to open files from
current location or to save it. If I choose
to open it from current location, IE saves it
as a temp file and opens it in Interdev.
However, I wish to open the file in IE.
The files are too many in number, and I don't
wish to go on renaming all of them. Moreover,
if I do this, I'll also have to edit the Links
in each file, which makes no sense.
I even associated my ASP file with IE, but IE
still doesn't open it. It can only save it ?..
so what can be a solution ? .. accept for
opening the files from a webserver ?
please help ! ..

greetings,
Puneet.

Answer : See this KB article for assistance:

http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q196/2/48.ASP?LNG=ENG&SA=AL

Let me know if you need further assistance.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities





----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6811146
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : batch environment
Private : Yes

Question : "it is more secure when we run the program in the batch environment"
what it does mean?

Answer : "Batch environment" simply means it's an unattended method of doing something (and usually automated, needing no user intervention, as well). This doesn't really relate to security. The primary benefits are removing tedious chores and increasing consistency (no user errors unless coding errors).
Rating : 5


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QAId : 6853790
Asker : hypurchik
Subject : computer fonts
Private : No

Question : Hey, what keys would I have to push to get this " " (without the quotes)?

Answer : Hold down the left ALT key and press 0224 on the numeric keypad, then let go of the ALT key. This assumes you're using the Times New Roman font. If you're using something else you can find what value would correspond to the character you need by running the Character Map utility under Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6905582
Asker : theocracy
Subject : GUI
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,

Do you know why GUI has become an issue for SA's designing custom applications.

Answer : If you mean why must a software architect consider GUI issues when designing software that would be because of the overwhelming prescence of GUI interfaces, and the need for consistency within an operating environment (i.e. not every app doing things it's own way, causing confusion).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6915249
Asker : gusto
Subject : pagefile & registry size
Private : No

Question : What is the formula of an optimum performance setting for a pagefile & registry size on a Windows 2000 Pro workstation ?

Answer : I'd leave the registry size alone, unless you have a specific need. For a system with between 96MB and 256MB of RAM you should have RAM+30MB of pagefile (swap). Above 256MB of RAM just do 256-286MB of swap.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 3


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7199548
Asker : kobsmoke
Subject : my pc shuts down by itself
Private : No

Question : ok every soo often my pc will just shut down when im in tha middle of somethin
playin a game
or checkin my mail
or somethin
it just shuts down and comes back on
how can i fix this

it hasnt done this very often just recently
i also know that i have a
sub7 trojen on my pc that i cant seem to git rid off
but i deleted the command line outa win.ini file
so it shouldt work
but do u think that the backdoor-g2.svr.gen (the trojen) could be the problem?
anywayz
any help you can give me will be greatly aprechiated

thanks

Answer : It certainly can't hurt to get the virus(es) out of the equation as far as troubleshooting goes. Here are some steps on how to get rid of it:

http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/venc/data/backdoor.subseven.html

After that if the shut downs continue I would suspect your power supply of either being overloaded or being near dying.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7216851
Asker : whatnowwhat
Subject : USB
Private : Yes

Question : Hi ,
I am neel and I am a software developer. I need to program USB . First I thought that USB IS Serial port but then now I have come to know that these two things are completly different . But I also found out that there can be a USB bridge which connects USB to serial port.

Can you please tell me the relation/ difference between Serial Port and USB ?
I can not even come to the level right now to specify what kind of difference I am looking for. Only thing I know that USB is not supported on NT but I guess Serial Port is supported on it.Throught all the discussions i have had with my collegues we took USB = Serial Port.
This might be wrong or right. Because NT 4.0 does not support USB and our product is used on NT 4.0 So I am pretty confused.

Awaiting your answer...
Neel

Answer : Try this site for info on programming both interfaces:

http://www.khwarzimic.org/interfacing/
Rating : 5


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QAId : 7310808
Asker : hooloo
Subject : about log file on iis 5.0
Private : No

Question : hi.
i have a stand alone window 2000 server which is not domain controller. i found there's something wrong with the log created time. on the detail of my log content, the time is always 5 hours ahead compare to my system time.

for expamle, the system time is 2/15/02 12:34pm, and at that time i visit my site so it created a detail information on the log file but the time is 2/15/02 17:34pm showed there

do you know how to make it at the same time. at least not 5 hours difference

thanx

jack

Answer : It sounds like your Windows install or the web server are set to an offset from Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and are adjusting the time accordingly. Most likely I'd guess that Windows is set to expect the time in GMT with an offset of 5 hours, and the web server is pulling the raw time from the system clock. Check the time in the BIOS setup screens (accessed during a boot by pressing DEL usually) and see if it's 5 hours off too.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7361322
Asker : BlazerPsx
Subject : Computer Slowness
Private : No

Question : I have worked with computers a few years and I have never seen this before, I have tried to fix my friends computer but to no avail. First of all whenever I try to install an os it either stops or goes very slow..I am installing windows xp on his new dell system and it it took about 8-12 hours to install. Once it installs it sais that all the system resources are taken up, and that 800+ megs of ram are being used when he only has 256. What could be the problem?

Answer : If this is happening during install or on the first few boots after install (before any other software is installed) I'd say he has a BIOS problem or a driver problem. Try this: Remove all non-essential hardware (audio, network cards, modems, etc) from the PC's slots (note which card went where so you can put them back the same way). Do the XP install with this bare configuration, all over from scratch. If the problem still exists I would hit the motherboard manufacturer's website for a BIOS flash update. Also check Microsoft's website for their HCL (Hardware Compatibility List) to ensure his hardware (mobo and all peripheral cards) are supported by XP.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7416359
Asker : femialla
Subject : My PC has a stacks problem
Private : No

Question : My PC is a Hewlett Packard Vectra XA with a hard disk of about 1.6 Gigabytes. Whcih currently reads :"1.38 GB used" and "Free: 124. 2 days ago I got the dreaded blue screen with a message that got me a little scared.
The message was:


WINDOWS


There are no spare stack pages. It may be necessary to increase the setting of 'MinSPs' in SYSTEM.INI to prevent possible stacks faults.
There are currently 5 SPs allocated.

press any key to continue.



I then went to start, run and typed in msconfig, which took me the Microsoft configuration utiliy. I clicked on the System.ini tab and the closest thing to 'MinSPs' was one folder (that's what it looks like, anyway) named MSNP32, with a checked checkbox in front of it. I decided to leave things the way they were and not change anything until I have a better understanding of what all these things mean. Could anyone please explain?

It may also be pertinent to mention the following;
[1] every once in a while, the system freezes/hangs. But it's not too often and I consider this normal.
[2] I can't remember properly but I think I was booting the PC when the message came up.

Answer : See this MS tech article on that topic:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q149083

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7784293
Asker : anupam4u
Subject : md5 not working on solaris
Private : No

Question : hi paul
i m using sloaris 2.6 on SPARC. i have downloaded the file md5.tar.z and extracted it according to instructions but when i tried to execute it gives the following error

# /opt/md5/md5-sparc /usr/bin/ls
/opt/md5/md5-sparc: cannot execute

so do i need to install any pacakages bfore using that...

thanks
anu

Answer : Check the permissions on the file:

ls -l /opt/md5/md5-sparc

Ensure that execute permissions are set as needed. To be sure you may want to execute this command:

chmod 744 /opt/md5/md5-sparc
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8013896
Asker : classicgto175
Subject : linux install
Private : No

Question : I installed Linux vs 7.0. Installation went fine, no problems. At reboot it stops at local host login and password. I used "root" as the login and the name I chose for the password.It accepts everything but the next path says [root@localhost /root]#
I have no idea what to type next to get into Linux.
Any help will be appreciated.
Thanks, Jim

Answer : You're *in* Linux at that point. Linux can operate in this command line mode or in a GUI. To attempt to load the GUI type "startx" (without the quotes). If you find the GUI environment works OK with no issues edit the file /etc/inittab and find the default runlevel line and change the value from 3 to a 5 to get the GUI to come up at boot time.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8067809
Asker : marmate
Subject : Newsletter on TV!
Private : No

Question : Hi there-
I work for an assisted living facility, which is, essentially, an apartment conplex for the elderly. The folks that live there have a newsletter and I am interested on making this newsletter available to view on their TV's. We currently subscribe to cable to supply cable tv.
How can we/ what can we do to "put things" like a newsletter on a "closed access channel" or something similar.
All I am looking for is a way to use the TV to put a microsoft newsletter on?

Your help is appreciated!
Marm

Answer : Here is a good article on getting a signal out of your PC - once you have that you will need some kind of distribution method to get that to the TVs throughout your complex.

http://peripherals.about.com/library/weekly/aa041002a.htm
Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8103120
Asker : c_mendez
Subject : My Career
Private : No

Question : Hi, I am 13 years old and going into 8th grade. I really like the computer and am thinking of going into a job dealing with computers. I was wondering what you thought of Computer Engineering as a career qnd where I could find information or something that would help me to get a head start to a career as a Computer Engineering.

Thank You,
Nick

Answer : You might consider a junior membership to the IEEE, or to a local computer club so you can meet others with similar interests. And keep plugging away on the computers and learn whatever you can about them.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8169575
Asker : gandm
Subject : ISP
Private : No

Question : Can a person set up their own ISP and server at home, and would it be economically feasable for the average joe?

Answer : You could do it. You'd need at least a T1 line into your home and a bank of modems for dial-up users, along with other peripheral networking gear (router, servers for assigning IPs, etc). Depenind on how much you can borrow I'm not sure how feasible this would be for an individual, as I expect the total cost of the equipment to be around 50,000 dollars or so, and the T1 will run about 500 dollars a month. If sufficient number of subscribers could be gotten quickly, or if you started with a business-class DSL line (say with a rate of 768/768) you might be able to lower the initial barrier of entry.
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8238936
Asker : jon455
Subject : Computer Reboot
Private : No

Question : I am running Windows XP Home Edition with Service Pack 1.

I am having immense trouble with my computer randomly rebooting, without any warning or freezing whatsoever. Usually after the reboot, Ive lost some or all my work that I was working on, and the programs that were open have reset themselves to the original defaults. The reboot occurs quite frequently, especially when Im online or using a p2p application (especially Kazaa 2.0). Now I realize that Kazaa is notorious for being detrimental to computers and can transfer viruses, but the rebooting occurs (although not as frequently) even if I have not used Kazaa during the time that my computer is running. I have written to Kazaa, and they claim it is a problem with Windows XP. However, Microsoft states that the problem is with Kazaa. To make matters worse, I tried to uninstall Kazaa, and the problem still continues. Do you have any suggestions? Thank you for your time and effort.


Sincerely,
PJ

Answer : Check in System Restore and see if you have any restore points from a time before you installed Kazaa. If you do restore your system to that point and see how things work then.

System Restore is in Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 3


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8312077
Asker : gusto
Subject : Synching Files between 2 pcs over the internet
Private : No

Question : What is the safest wisest way to transfer some files for synchronization (appx. 10-15MBS) once a day, everyday, via the internet between 2 win2k Pro workgroup machines (no domain involved) ?

I know I can use 3rd party software(i.e. PcAnywhere) to connect and accomplish this but my main concern is safety. How can I ensure the authenticity of the files and protect them from any tampering by hackers ? Does this require some sort of encyrption tool..What is the best way to go about synchronizing the offline files for both computers ?

Answer : If you don't want to roll your own method here's a tool that might be able to do it for you:

http://www.rosecitysoftware.com/Synchromagic/

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8327793
Asker : gusto
Subject : Windows Messenger
Private : No

Question : Recently, I received an unsolicited advertisement message via Windows messenger service on my WIN2K pro desktop at home. I was surprised that somehow my IP # was exposed. I connect to the internet by dsl modem (im not sure if my ip # is dynamic or static.) I disabled Windows Messenger Service to prevent further messages. My questions are: a) Were my numbers sniffed-up by some website i visited or in another way? b) What kind of security threat can the windows messages pose (i.e. virus, trojan horse, etc..) ?
c) what is the best way to defend against having my ip #'s exposed and floated around the net ( I'd rather not disable messenger service...wouldn't that be kind of like killing a fly with a shotgun) ?

Answer : I believe there are some viruses being distributed via MSN so it would make some sense to take precautions. One way to do it would be as you said to disable the MSN Messenger service. Another would be to get a firewall like ZoneAlarm installed (http://www.zonealarm.com). Yet another would be to disable the MSN service and use a different messenger. I use Trillian (http://www.trillian.cc) and it works with ALL major IM services (MSN/Yahoo/AIM/ICQ) all in one interface. I'd suggest you try that and see how that does for you. The mechanisms that allow virus transmission or IP revealing in MSN very likely do not even exist in Trillian since it is a product that merely speaks the same protocol and uses the MSN servers.
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8330674
Asker : tazmaniandevil
Subject : Purpose of testing
Private : Yes

Question : What is the purpose of testing when it comes to implementation?

i.e. How do you decide that the new system is right??

Answer : You do what is called "UAT" User-Acceptance testing usually. This involves the people who will actually be using the system daily. Once they have signed off you know you have a product that will meet their needs.
Rating : 5
 

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