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QAId : 2695173
Asker : utpep
Subject : shutdown problems
Private : No

Question : Hey Paul, I have hp computer. My question is what makes your computer just lock up/ I know to many windows open will do it. but it happens alot anyway. I get this program has performed an illeagle opperation. help Paul

Answer : I'd love to help more but that's a pretty vaugue statement of trouble since you didn't list any apps or specific error messages.

One of the main things that cause Windows crashes is *video drivers*. be sure you have the latest by going here and getting the ones for your card:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/video.html

It's also quite possible that an app (or apps) you are running are just plain buggy and may be causing you trouble. If you'll give me more specifics I can perhaps suggest some other things to check.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities


Rating : 5


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QAId : 2702307
Asker : youngjet
Subject : Virtual Memory Optimization
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,

This is Jack. I have a PC at home dual booting between Windows Me and win 2000 professional Edition. It has 256Mb of ram with 13 Gig Hard drive. C drive is partition to be Win Me(Fat 32) and D Drive is partition to be Win 2000 Pro (Fat32) as well. E drive is for data applications.
(Notes) This is only one physical drive with three partitions.
According to Win2000 it default the amount of Page Files I will used by multiplying the Physical Ram 256 Mb by 1.5 which equal to 384 Mbs of Virtual Memory. I deleted the default page file seted to the D Drive and add that to the E drive or partition. I restarted my Pc and it gave me an error message: Limited Virtual Memory, please configured your page file in the system configuration. I went back and set minimum amount to be at least 60Mb and maximum to be 100Mb on D and left change the page file on the E drive to minimum 100 Mb and 200Mb maximum. I restarted my system again and it was fine. Do you think I need at least some rams for the system and boot partition or maybe something else is causing it. I am logging in as Administrator-No doubt about that.
If you were to troubleshoot this problem for a company, How would you approach this problem and configure the amount of Page Files to be used on each Logical drives or partition. Please Advise, thank you.

Answer : My rules of thumb for swap space is:

On any system use 1 times the amount of RAM up to a maximum of 128MB.

So following that rule:

A 128MB machine needs 128MB of swap.

A 256MB machine needs 128MB of swap.

Since your machine has only one physical disk there will be little to no value in distributing the swap file across more than one partition (in Win2000) so keep it on one partition if you can.


Also set the minimum and maximum values to be the same, as this eliminates any potential for fragmenting the swap file, and freezes it's size so it doesn't shrink and grow (which also contributes to disk thrashing and wasted CPU cycles).

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 2765587
Asker : solitudect
Subject : 2 questions
Private : Yes

Question : 1) I try to install a program in my computer "Campegjoint". I always failed because my system does not have a file "msvbvm60.dll".

Where to find the file and how to install into my computer?

2) my browser have updated to Netscape 4.75. Since then the Instance Messenger can not be launched. the error messege is "miscui.ocm is required to run Netscape AOL Instnt Messenger".
I do find miscui.ocm in the right folder.

How to make the Messenger run?

solitudect@yahoo.com

Answer : #1) You can get it here:

http://www.milori.com/developer/runtimes/
Just put it at \WINDOWS\SYSTEM

#2) Just re-run the install of Netscape 4.75 - install right over the existing one and it should put in place what's needed. If it doesn't it's probably because that messenger app doesn't come with Netscape, but rather is a separate download. If that is the case go back to http://www.netscape.com and get it.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities




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QAId : 2794186
Asker : upadhyay
Subject : COM ports
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I want to know what exactly is a COM port? Does having 3 COM ports means having 3 physical ports?

Answer : A COM port is a serial port. They're used primarily for modems and mice.

Having three usually it means you have combination of built-in or add-in (like on an internal card) serial ports. Most systems come with 2. Having three could also be indicative of you having:

2 built-in on the motherboard (extremely common)
1 from an internal modem
(be sure this one is configured to not step on the IRQ or IO address of the onboard two. The best way to do this is to DISABLE (in the BIOS setup screens) your secondary COM port (address 2f8) or both your primary and secondary if you're using a PS/2 or USB mouse (and who isn't these days?) as this will avoid conflicts with the modem *and* free up IRQs for other add-in cards.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : hi,
Thanks for answering.I want to know one thing more.When I try to configure my internal modem, I see choice of 4 com ports out of which 1 is disabled.So, how can I connect my internal modem to some external com port.
Vikas

Answer : Just set the internal modem for COM2/IRQ3 and plug a phone line into it. Then disable COM2 (address 2f8) in your BIOS.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2834586
Asker : lparker544
Subject : Lost hard drive
Private : No

Question : I have two drives, C & D =D I just use for backup I formatted drive D To copy C to it. I went to my Powerquest Drive Image that go's to DOS and cliked on to Drive to Drive. At the very end of the down load a window pop up and said not enough memory, and shut down.I am only useing about half of the space on either drives. Now I can't find D drive. I just have removable Disk D. Sure would sure appreciate any help you could give me L. Parker

Answer : Hmmm. Well drive D doesn't have anything useful on it so I'd suggest you reformat (or repartition and reformat) it.

Then have another go at backing the disk up - perhaps you should try Ghost as it can compress as it goes (not sure if DriveImage does too).

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 2908424
Asker : rube2
Subject : Samba/FullPress on IRIX
Private : No

Question : Hi!
I've serving Mac clients Appleshare volumes via FullPress on IRIX 6.5.5. I'd like to install Samba for IRIX and serve Windows clients dedicated Windows volumes as well as directories that are also published via FullPress.
What sort of gotcha's should I be aware of?
How can I tap into Admins that are being successful at this or have tried and learned bitter lessons?

Answer : I have never used IRIX but I would expect samba to run on there as it does on any other UNIX. Here are some resources:

Samba for IRIX:

http://us1.samba.org/samba/ftp/Binary_Packages/IRIX/

Samba docs:

http://us4.samba.org/samba/docs/

Extensive walk-through install:

http://home.germany.net/101-69082/samba.html


I have never worked with FullPress so I can't predict whether it will give you any trouble in conjunction with samba.


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 3035047
Asker : SIAUWEE
Subject : apache and microsoft.
Private : No

Question : is there any web site that i can search for an operating system of a particular web page. for example, i type in the homepage name, then click search for the operating system (whether is apache or microsoft, or something else.)

Answer : This will do it - just pop the address in...

http://www.netcraft.com/whats/

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com...



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QAId : 3163043
Asker : mayil_r
Subject : solaris
Private : No

Question : Dear sir,
The problem is i have 2 machine when i am doing ftp on both machines the same content.one machine is taking a long time to download the file but another one is not taking that much time. i dont know why this happened,where will be the fault,how can i rectify.xpexcting ur reply
Thanks

Need More Information : Are these two different Solaris machines? Where are they downloading from? Are they on the same LAN and internet connection? Is one 10Mb and the other 100Mb, perhaps?

Also, if you are downloading from an internet site speeds can vary constantly - the only true way to test the differences between these machines on a network is to isolate them onto their own hub with perhaps a third machine acting as an FTP server. Then time a large download (50MB or more) from each machine.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : sir
approximately 25 mb for one server is giving timoout error after approximtely 10 mts but another one is downloading within a mt not even minute .

One more qus in solaaris. see i want to install netscape when i do pkgadd its trying to install in opt directory and telling that no memory.

so how can i install in some other directory.answer me immediately.thanks

FUQuestion : sir
approximately 25 mb for one server is giving timoout error after approximtely 10 mts but another one is downloading within a mt not even minute .

One more qus in solaaris. see i want to install netscape when i do pkgadd its trying to install in opt directory and telling that no memory.

so how can i install in some other directory.answer me immediately.thanks

Answer : I would expect your network problems are the result of a network hardware problem and not the machines themselves. You may want to lock the machines down into half or full duplex mode and set their speeds manually (10/100Mb). For example to lock in at 100Mb full-duplex:

Put these lines in /etc/rc2.d/S69inet

ndd -set /dev/hme instance 0
ndd -set /dev/hme lance_mode 0
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_xmit_hiwat 65535
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_recv_hiwat 65535
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_cwnd_max 65534

ndd -set /dev/hme instance 1
ndd -set /dev/hme lance_mode 0
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_xmit_hiwat 65535
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_recv_hiwat 65535
ndd -set /dev/tcp tcp_cwnd_max 65534


Put these lines in /etc/system

* Set 100BaseT to Full Duplex
*
set hme:hme_adv_autoneg_cap = 0
set hme:hme_adv_100fdx_cap = 1

By changing the "0"s and "1"s above you can set any combination of 10/100 half/full duplex.

As for your question about Netscape and not having room on the /opt filesystem. Find a filesystem where you *do* have space (like /usr or /stuff - whatever) and do this:


cd /stuff
mkdir opt
cp -pr /opt/* opt/.
rm -Rf /opt (CAREFUL HERE!)
ln -s /stuff/opt /opt

And now you'll have more room...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue




Rating : 4

FUQuestion : Dear sir,
This is refer to ur earlier answer for installing netscape in opt directory.i have followed ur steps nut when i am trying to remove the opt file its giving error (rm -RF .opt) like device is busy,cant remove ,like something .so please try to getrid of it immediately,
Another thing is without referring ur step and tried installing .its asking, no place,and giving some info and asking want to proceed,what to give. help me immeditely.

thanks

Answer : Try booting in single user mode first so the opt filesystem is not in use...

init 0


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 3207630
Asker : Xstatic105
Subject : SunOS 5.6
Private : No

Question : Okay heres the promblem- I have forgotten my user id and password for SunOS 5.6 do you know of any defaults that would allow me to access my files.

Need More Information : Is this a user account or root you're talking about? If it's a user account and you still know the root password login on the box locally as root and do:

cat /etc/passwd | more

And search for the username you've forgotten in the first field of each line. Once you find it do a

passwd thatuser

To reset the password to what you want it to be...

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : See the promblem is i havent logged on in a long while and have totally forgotten my user id and the password. I really need some files from my old office machine. So when the screen comes up and reads login in name and password i dont know them and cant get in. I know it sounds like im a hacker or something but im really not this is totally legitmate. On most of the systems i have worked with before there has been a default to allow me guest access so im sure there is one for this one or some other way in. Thanks For Your Help,
Zachary

Answer : If you don't know your username and you also don't know the root account password your only hope of getting in is to boot fro an installation CD, mount the hard disk partition for "/" and then vi the /etc/shadow file and remove the encrypted password string.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 3229790
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : UNIX script help - process killer
Private : No

Question : Can you help me write a script to kill a user's processes by name rather than by PID? For example here's what I do right now...

steve@wizsrvr1: ps -usteve
PID TTY TIME CMD
24154 pts/2 0:00 vi
24090 pts/2 0:00 ksh
24112 pts/3 0:00 ksh

steve@wizsrvr1: kill -9 24154

I want to be able to do this:

killer vi

and have the vi process stopped.



Answer : There's two ways to do this:

"The easy way"

pkill -Usteve vi


and "The UNIX Way"

#!/usr/bin/ksh
if [ "$1" == "" ];
then
clear
echo "You need to supply the name (or part of the name) of the
process to kill"
echo ""
echo ""
echo "Process Killer, by Paul Doherty (bitbucket911@home.net),
2000)"
echo "http://members.home.net/iqueue"
echo ""
echo "Example:"
echo "killer vi"
echo ""
echo "The above invocation will kill all processes being run
by the current"
echo "user that contain the string "vi" in the name."
echo ""
exit;
fi;
ps -u$LOGNAME | grep $1 | awk '{ print $1 }' > /tmp/123321
cat /tmp/123321 | while read die
do
echo "killing process $die"
kill -9 $die
done

rm /tmp/123321 2>/dev/null 1>&2



With the above script just paste it into a new file called "killer" and then do this:

chmod u+rwx killer

Now you can type:

killer vi


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities


Rating : 5


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QAId : 3281733
Asker : w_bressler
Subject : Network Connection
Private : No

Question : Dear Mr. Doherty;
I have recently installed Linux Mandrake 7.1 on my Compaq Presario 7360 and everything is truely magnificent! The last time that I asked you a question I was trying to get a Tulip driver installed under Red Hat 6.0 for my Linksys ethernet card,however,I don't have that problem with Mandrake. :=)
My question is this: if I can p.i.n.g. my wifes' Hewlett Packard 4450, and while in Xwindows I can access all of her files through the network ( and in fact it shows her on the Network Neighborhood icon / but not my own computer ) then why is it impossible for me to connect to the internet through her computer. Is there a program like v-sock (for Windows) that I can use on my Linux box and point my browser to her machine like I do now in Windows? I'm certainly surprised at how well Mandrake took care of all of the problems that I was having before! I'm also curious as to WHY I can't see my own computer in the network neighborhood????
I went through the Linux DNS How-to today and made all the necessary files ( man, that was a lot of work! )for DNS; but I don't think it's working. But I guess we can tackle that one later.
I am fairly certain that I have not missed rating any of your answers, however, if I have, please let me know!
I'll be looking forward to your response!

Need More Information : OK let me get this straight...

You have two PCs - your with Linux and hers with Windows?

And you want to be able to use her net connection (over what?) from the Linux box?

Why are you messing with the DNS settings? They should be set on the Linux box as they are on the Windows machine. Namely there should just be entries for the DNS servers of your ISP so your machine will perform lookups there.


Respond back to confirm these things and we can carry on...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : My machine is a Compaq presario 7360 running Mandrake 7.1; my wifes' machine is a HP 4450 running Win 98. We both have a Linksys 10/100 ethernet card linked via 10Mb hub (also Linksys, it is a starter kit).
My wifes' machine is connected to the internet through a 56k modem. I was messing with DNS because I wanted to set up our own little DNS Server; mainly to gain the experience of doing it. It's not that I think that it's absolutely necessary! I need to gain experience with these technologies, don't I? To be a Guru? :=)>
I hope that I have provided you with enough info this time; I'm really sorry I wasn't more specific the last time. I'll try to be more careful about that, o.k?
Looking forward to you reply.

Answer : OK with her running 98 and a modem connection you will not natively be able to share her net connection with your Linux box. You will need to do one of two things:

1) Obtain a 3rd-party connection-sharing program like WinRoute Lite:

http://www.winroute.com/winlite.php

2) Install (on your wife's machine) Windows 98SE, Millenium or Windows 2000 which have the ability to share their net connections with ICS (Internet Connection Sharing) available under the Add/Remove Programs control panel, in the Windows Setup tab.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4
End :


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QAId : 3345035
Asker : wilfredwu
Subject : OS components re-installation
Private : Yes

Question : please advise
1/ how to reinstall ( components only, NOT reinstalling the whole system again) suspected corrupted software in remote access, and in tcp/ip, in apple mac system

2/ how to insert modem strings to ease call dropping out during internet connection, ( like what windows system can do for taking on modem strings)on an mac OS ?
my email address is wilfredwu@hotmail.com
Thanks for your help

Wilfred

Answer : 1) I am not a Mac expert...


2) Your modem uses the same command set (and strings) on a Mac as it does on a PC. Just copy the init string from the PC (that works) and use it on the Mac. Here is a reference to the Hayes AT command set that all modems use:

http://home.epix.net/~infotech/hayes.html

Place an

&W

at the end of a command to make it permanent.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 2


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QAId : 3347500
Asker : snyper404
Subject : EIDE controllers
Private : No

Question : how many EIDE controllers can you have for a computer? and some more info on them would be apeciated.

Answer : Two is the most I've seen (supports 4 devices) and is what comes standard on every motherboard sold these days. I'm sure you can add an extra set of controllers with addin PCI cards (at the expense of more used IRQs).

What other info would you like?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 3383342
Asker : rafseg
Subject : Downloading
Private : No

Question : Hi, Paul
Hope this is the place to ask...
When I try to download to my Compaq Armada 1520 laptop, the screen that asks whether to open from present location, or send to disk never opens. It goes straight to the screen which indicates downloading is happening, it goes through all the usual motions, but nothing downloads. How do I get to the first screen?
Thanks
Roger

Answer : When you get to the actual download link (evidenced by hovering over the link and reading the end of the address at the bottom-left and seeing that it ends with the filename (*.exe, *.zip, *.tgz, etc)) then try right-clicking it and selecting "Save Target As..."

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



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QAId : 3422488
Asker : ikeji@...
Subject : RedHat linux and Windows Outlook Express
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I just installed redhat linux server on outlook express. I can send and receive mail when logged into the machine, but when I setup outlook express to retrieve my mails for me, I get a connection failed error for receive, and when I send mail via outlook express, I get a RELAY not allowed error.

I have a DSL line with static IP for the PC that is running the outlook express. I went into the linux machine and added the PC's Ip address in the mail/access file with the RELAY option. The RELAY error no longer comes up when I send mail, but the mail doesn't get to the destination. It just vanishes.

Thanks for any help.

Answer : You may want to add domains for which your sendmail will relay to

/etc/mail/relay-domains (create it if it doesn't exist)

And put the domain(s) in one per line like:

*.myisp.com
*.wherever.org

You will also need to check the /etc/mail/sendmail.cf file for this line

# Hosts that will permit relaying ($=R)
FR-o /etc/mail/relay-domains

Make sure there isn't a comment (#) at the beginning of the second line to enable relaying with the file you made.

Finally restart sendmail or reboot the machine.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue






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QAId : 3522405
Asker : natraj
Subject : multi boot operating system.
Private : Yes

Question : I want to load linux ,windows 95 and windows nt on the same harddisk .Days back i had installed 95 in primary and nt on the logical drive ,i wanted to install linux so i formated every thing and installed dos with 2 GB ,i want to know how to go about insalling linux ,win95 and nt on the same hardisk,and what is best way to go about it ,it is a stand alone system.I am very new to linux i know the working part of linux and i am aware of installation part of it but i am quite confused with the partationing of the disk.
My system config is 13 GB harddisk ,intel p3,64 mb ram,.Now i have installed dos with 2 gb how to continue the process,pls let me know the process of doing it.
regards
natraj
natraj.p@usa.net

Answer : Please do NOT make normal questions like this "private" - now no one else can benefit from our discussion.

Very simple - make a partition for Win 95/NT (say 10GB of the space). Leave the other 13GB untouched (do NOT make a partition).

Install 95

Install NT

Install Linux (during install create a Linux native and Linux swap partition (128MB or so, with native being rest of disk) and install Linux. Linux will put a bootloader in place that will allow you to choose between DOS and Linux at boot-time. After that menu if you choose DOS you will get NTs boot choice menu and be able to pick between 95 and NT.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 3529639
Asker : clonex@...
Subject : computer output device
Private : Yes

Question : What are audio output devices?

Answer : Anyd evice that can transport or deal with audio streams - for example an audio card which can route audio traffic or take the digital audio a computer uses and convert it into analog form for reproduction by speakers.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4


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QAId : 3531661
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : saving space
Private : No

Question : I was told to delete cookies to get more space. I heard some say its not good to do that but they have no explanation of why. Can you clarify this subject. I don't want to mess up mu computer and would like an expert opinion as to why I should or shouldn't. Thank you for any help.

Answer : Cookies don;t take up enough space to worry with... mine at the moment is not even a 1/4 of a MB. I would leave them be unless you have a reason to remove them (space will not be one of them).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5
End :


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QAId : 3533779
Asker : ironbfly68@...
Subject : is my computer PCI 2.1 compliant
Private : No

Question : I have been trying to get my computer to work with a sound card. My computer is a HP Vectra 500 with a pentium 100 mhz and a board with 3 pci slots. At this point in time I have a Monster mx 400 sound card from diamond multimedia, but my computer which uses Windows 95 and 95 PLUS will not recognize the new hardware or install it in device manager.
The diamond telephone support person said to check to see if my computer was pci 2.1 compliant. If you could help me I would be thankful.

Answer : On a system that old I'd doubtful it would have this later PCI compliance.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4


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QAId : 3546545
Asker : rkester@...
Subject : computer reboots when shut down
Private : No

Question : my computer reboots when I try to shut it down

Answer : Try this online shutdown troubleshooter:

http://support.microsoft.com/support/tshoot/default.asp

Barring that, here are some step-by-steps:

http://www.freespeech.org/Khephra/a/shutdown.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



Rating : 5


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QAId : 3561298
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : how to build a novell network boot disk
Private : No

Question : how to build a novell 4.11 network boot disk

Answer : The following is a document on making a bootable Netware disk.

Novell TID #10021324

http://support.novell.com/cgi-bin/search/search.pl?database_name=kb&type=HTML&docid=%039F196225%3a971874290%3a%20%28%2010021324%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20docGroup%20%3d%20%280%29%20%29%20%20%07%01%00&byte_count=15163


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 3561484
Asker : alwaysunlimited@...
Subject : computer monitors
Private : No

Question : Hi how are you.
I really want to know what is the difference between Interlaced and non-interlaced monitors.
please help.

Answer : Monitors themselves are not interlaced or non-interlaced - the signals sent to the monitors from the video card are. The monitor can, however, dictate that interlace must be used if you try to display a resolution that is beyond their ability to produce in non-interlaced fashion.

An interlaced display simply means that the screen is composed of two sets of "fields" - with one filed being the odd-numbered horizontal lines, and the second being the even-numbered horizontal lines. What happens is the full screen is drawn in *two passes* of the electron beam (which travels top to bottom, left to right) instead of one in a non-interlaced display. The idea being that the phosphors that glow with the color inside the monitor's tube will maintain their intensity throgh the other field's drawing such that the viewer will simply see the full image intended. And generally that is true. But it also can generate a tremendous amount of "flicker" whereby you can usually tell you are looking at an interlaced screen by the shimmer it appears to give off. Contrast that with a non-interlaced screen where, in the same time interval as one field was drawn, the whole screen is drawn once, which appears must more steady (depending on the refresh rate - i.e. "how many times per second the screen is redrawn").

The preferred method is non-interlaced as it is much easier on the eyes. So if your monitor can handle the horizontal scan frequency (how fast the beam traces each horizontal line) you can display non-interlaced for the resolutions you use, but it's really dependent on:

1) The video card being capable of displaying in non-interlace

2) The monitor having a high enough horizontal scan frequency to handle the resolution at which you're displaying.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3573215
Asker : ludwigml
Subject : Hard Drive
Private : No

Question : Hi how do i know how many bytes i have on my computer? is there a place in the control pannels to go to see how many i have left?

Answer : Here's a couple of ways:

1) Open the My Computer icon, maximize it, then single-click on the drive in question and at the bottom you will see two items of information - space used and space free.

2) Open a DOS prompt and type:

dir c:\


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3574031
Asker : ajf028@...
Subject : Temp files
Private : Yes

Question : Approximately 6 months ago I visited some restricted sites and the images are currently in my temp files. I deleted them and the following day they were still there. Please advise on how to permately deleting those images without deleting the entire file and not messing up my windows applications.

Answer : Those pics appear to be cached at:

C:\windows\temporary internet files\content.ie5

and the subdirs below there.

A good way to rid yourself of them would be to get my utility RDelete (Recursive Delete) and use it to purge that path of JPG and GIF files like this:


rdelete "c:\windows\temporary internet files\content.ie5" *.gif

rdelete "c:\windows\temporary internet files\content.ie5" *.jpg

You can even set this up in a BAT file and copy it (or create a shortcut to it) to the Startup folder under your Start menu. That way it will be run every time you boot and will keep that branch clean of JPG and GIF images.


My website is below...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : When I went to the C: and opened the temp internet files where do I go from there to access the Recursive delete?

Answer : I told you to go to my *website* and download RDelete - once you have it you can copy it to your:

C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND

directory and then from a DOS prompt type:

rdelete "c:\windows\temporary internet files\content.ie5" *.gif

rdelete "c:\windows\temporary internet files\content.ie5" *.jpg

and the files will be removed.

My website is in my signature below...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3607834
Asker : haider_yas
Subject : help needed for backup
Private : No

Question : hello sir ,

I have a problem using ufsdump . everytime i use it, it replaces my previous backup on the tape . i am using /dev/rmt/0n . and i am in the single user mode . please help .

yours
haider .

Answer : I think your *first* write with ufsdump needs to be like:

/usr/sbin/ufsdump 0cfu /dev/rmt/0cn /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0

and subsequent ones should be like:

/usr/sbin/ufsdump 0cfu /dev/rmt/0c /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s6

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



Rating : 5

FUQuestion : will /usr/sbin/ufsdump 0cfu /dev/rmt/0c /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s6

work for subsequent filesystems . without specifying /dev/rmt/0n . i just have a doubt will it append. anyway thanks for a good answer .

Answer : Not sure - just give it a shot and see...


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3685968
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : computer clickers spinners
Private : No

Question : ARE THERE ANY FREE DOWNLOADS FOR THE AUTO SPINNERS/CLICKERS......I LIKE TO PLAY GAMES...BUT ARTHURITIS IN HANDS IS BAD

Need More Information : I'm not sure what "Auto spinners/clickers" is... are you looking for online games?

If so try http://www.pogo.com/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : its a type of dialer/or spinner that clicks your mouse so that you can play games like slots without cllicking the mouse yourself....i plan to be at machine...but hands too stiff to do much finger clicking...thank you very much for your time

Answer : I'm sorry I'm not much help on this... I haven't ever looked for such a program. Check out this site - hopefully they have something that can do what you're needing:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/apps/98/mouse.html


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3687562
Asker : bhbill37669
Subject : sendmail
Private : No

Question : Can you point me in the direction of FAQs and HOWTOs dealing with setting up SMTP and sendmail preferably using linuxconf? Most help seems geared toward editing sendmail.cf, and I need a mail server up in a hurry, and that learning curve is a bit steep. If you know of any other SMTP/POP servers for Linux that are easier to set up, that info would also be welcomed.

Answer : Sendmail rarely needs any editing of the sendmail.cf - it's usually just adding a relay-domains or sendmail.cw file that is needed for initial config. Try looking up info on those two files.

When you want to test the flow of the email do this ("(ENTER)" means hit ENTER, not type it):

/usr/lib/sendmail -v whoever@blah.com (ENTER)
Subject: test from my machine (ENTER)
. (ENTER)

You will see the whole handshaking process as the mail is delivered and can see if the process breaks down.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue


Rating : 4.9
Rating : 4.9


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3700552
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : computer systems
Private : No

Question : can you please give discriptions to
SMART CARD
PC CARD
SCSI(SCUZZY)

Answer : I'm not sure what a "smart card" would be, except it is probably a card that can stroe information from use to use.

PC Card is a small credit-card-shaped add-on card for notebook computers. You can get modems, ethernet cards and hard disks using this size.

SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) is a hardware and communication standard for connecting storage devices to a computer system. It allows you to connect hard disks, CD-ROMs and tape drives.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3720836
Asker : Elise
Subject : O/S question
Private : Yes

Question : Hi! Paul,

Happy to know that you are the expert on the O/S, please help!!!!

I currently involved in a project with the following details and hope that you can give me some ideas:

a) The hardware server of my client is
using the Sun Enterprise 220R of
which is hosted at his ISP;

b) The web server is Apache IBM of
which will install at the Sun
Enterprise 220R;

c) The database is going to keep and
update at my client's office of which
may need VPN to connect to the server
hosted at ISP.

My questions are:
1) What O/S I have to deploy? Unix or
Linux? or even NT?
2) For the database, may I use NT SQL?
Or I have to use some other else?
Please specify.
3) If I want to know some more
details about these issues, where
can I find it? Is there any websites
or books that you recommend me to
visit?

Hope my question is not too many for
you. Thanks in advance.

Regards,
Elise

Answer : Other than the fact that you indicated the hardware as a Sun (which would imply that you need to run Solaris or Linux) there is nothing I can see in any of your needs that would preclude the use of almost any OS you listed. Based on your preference pick one...

You haven't listed any specifics so I can't speak to the use of one database engine over another (and couldn't anyway as I am not a DB person).

I have no sites to suggest because your question is not specific, so I don't know what resources you need.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3759389
Asker : w_seleem
Subject : Help me please..
Private : Yes

Question : I have a big problem.When i got into any site i found the oldest news not the updated one for example i got into the cnn site at 2nd of November but i found the news of 31th of October.I think there is a problem in my computer could u help me please..Thanks for your time..
Wessam

Answer : Please don't ask questions as private unless they really are private subject matter questions.

I would expect your problem to not be your computer, bit rather I expect that you are setup to go through a proxy server on your ISP's network and their data is stale. Turn off your proxy under the menu Tools/Internet Options.




----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3768146
Asker : pjochef@...
Subject : computer processers
Private : No

Question : Paul, What is the real difference between Pentium 3 and Athalon Processors? I am going to buy a 1Gz computer and need to know which is more advantageous. I know it depends on what the use is, for me it is a variety of home uses from educational,financial, games , internet, a bit of everything.
Is there a difference in compatability with software? Is one considered more reliable than the other? Overall performance is the key, but are they overhyped?
Thank you in advance for your help!
Pat O.

Answer : You may be asking the wrong guy as I am biased on this one. Even with the advancements that AMD has come out with in the Athlon I still side with Intel for CPUs. I had an AMD K6-2 300 CPU a few years back and had major problems with it running alternative operating systems. Under Windows it was generally OK, but once I started to push it outside that arena it freaked bad. The problem isn't the CPUs themselves but rather the supporting chipset on the motherboard. AMD has never quite gotten it right as far as compatibility and performance are concerned IMO. I could be wrong - that was a few years back and they may have rectified the situation, but I doubt it. With the problems of needing certain special power supplies for the Athlon to work, to the GeForce debacle where the AGP slot of AMD Athlon motherboards could only run the GeForce at 1X. Things like this are hassles I just don't need or want to deal with. Computers can flake out enough without undermining your operating system with that kind of instability and problems. I say spend the extra dough (if indeed it costs more) and go with an Intel. Everything will work and you have far more motherboards to choose from (try an Abit or Asus).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3810040
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : linux setting
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I am brand new to linux. After install linux redhat 6.2, login, and enter "startx" to start the gnome graphical desktop, but was unsuccessful, and gave the message "Graphic device ID 'Avance Logic 4201...A copy device found, but display modes could not be resolved...'".

I think I should enter "Avance logic 2032" instead of "Avance logic 2401" when setting up hardware for linux OS.
Please show me how to get back to setting fields to correct it. Thank you in advance.
John

Answer : Try running "Xconfigurator" as root. Here is more info on the ways to change your X setup:

http://www.redhat.com/support/manuals/archive/RHL-5.0-Installation-Guide-HTML/manual/doc046.html


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3821806
Asker : l_seville
Subject : MCSE Win 2000
Private : No

Question : Hi

I am interested in doing an MCSE in Windows 2000 through distance learning but not sure which books I should buy and which modules I need to do.

Hope you can send me a lsit of all modules required to do a MSCE.

Many thanks

Answer : Here are some resources on the MCSE for Win2000:

Requirements:

http://www.microsoft.com/trainingandservices/default.asp?PageID=mcp&PageCall=requirements&SubSite=cert/mcse&AnnMenu=mcse


Test Preparation/Skills building:

http://www.transcender.com/pr/detail.asp?prid=000912

http://www.microsoft.com/trainingandservices/default.asp?PageID=mcp

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3846845
Asker : justasking_2000
Subject : Task Manager
Private : No

Question : Hi,
The Performance tab in Task Manager displays something called, "Commit Charge". Do you have any idea what this means?

Answer : It is information relating to how much virtual memory (diskspace used for RAM) you are using and the peak it has been. See this website for more details:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/win2000/w2mem.asp


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3888447
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : reformat your computer
Private : No

Question : I want to reformat my computer and have backed up all my important data. I have a compaq quickrestore disk. Do I go into DOS and execute
a:reformat c:
and then use my quickrestore disk or will my disk automatically overwrite everything.

Thank you.

Answer : The "quickrestore" disk should erase everything on the disk - if yours doesn't do that and you need a clean start then build a boot floppy, boot from it, and execute this command:

format c: /u /autotest

Here is the bootdisk procedure:

Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs/Startup Disk tab


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4035109
Asker : pmw1944
Subject : Out Of Range
Private : No

Question : I don't know if this has anything to do with it but I recently installed Windows ME.
The Problem: Today when I turned on my computer a black screen came up with a blue insert and red writing in the blue insert stating:
Out of Range.
I re-booted and the message went away.
I looked in the help section of windows and I find nothing for Out Of Range.
Could you please explain?
Thanks

Answer : I've never seen this - I expect it was a BIOS message perhaps related to your memory (RAM). If it happens any more try reseating all your memory.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4123968
Asker : glennnn
Subject : How to get back the Network Neighborhood icon.
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,

I'm using Win98. After removing & reinstalling the network adapter and TCP/IP, the network neighborhood icon on my desktop disappeared.

Right now, I can still surf net and ping other PC on my LAN. Is there a way to get it back without having to reinstall Win98?

Thanks in advance.


Regards,

Glenn


Answer : Network Neighborhood's existence on the desktop is usually linked to you having the Client for Microsoft Networks installed in the Network control panel. try adding it back in and see if, after the reboot, it comes back.


FUQuestion : Hi Paul,

Thanks for your fast response.

I've done that but the problem persist. However, my PC was able to ping other PC on the LAN. Does that mean my Win98 is corrupted?

Thanks for helping.

Regards,
Glenn

Answer : I would try removing all the items in your Network control panel and reboot, then add them back in (be sure to note all info from all areas of each item *before* removing).

If you have the following you *should* be seeing a Network Neighborhood:

Adapter of some sort (modem, NIC, VPN, etc)
Protocol (probably TCP/IP)
Client for Microsoft Networks

Good luck,
--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Hi Paul,

Thanks for your help. Problem solved.

Regards,
Glenn
Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4171446
Asker : matt_1ca
Subject : Win 2000 to Win 98
Private : No

Question : Sir,
I was using windows 98 before -- but chose to upgrade entirely to windows 2000 just a few weeks ago. I realize however
that this transition has disabled a lot of features in my unit that I find no way to repair except by going back to win 98

Since I have not tried this kind of stuff before I feel that it is a real stunt -- my question is -- would it be
possible to do that -- i.e. again replace windows 2000 with windows 98 or better still -- would it be possible from
my current situation -- to maintain two operating systems 2000 and 98 in my unit. Would I be expecting terrible
problems somewhere down the road during the process. What possible precautions can I take to prevent such
problems.

Sir, I will be extremely grateful if you can give me somekind of a guideline or procedure on how I can most safely carry
out the process I desperately need your guidance -- thank you so much I appreciate all the kind help you can give.

Gratefully
Matt
matt_1ca@yahoo.com

Answer : You lost your 98 install when you upgraded to 2000 (instead of installing it alongside 98). Your best recourse at this point is to backup the items you can't reinstall (documents you've created primarily) and then do a clean 98 install. Here's how:

OK - Make a boot floppy as follows:

Start/Programs/MS-DOS Prompt

(put a blank floppy in the drive)

format a:

c:
cd \
sys a:
copy windows\himem.sys a:\
copy windows\smartdrv.exe a:\
copy windows\command\mscdex.exe a:\
copy windows\command\xcopy*.exe a:\
copy windows\command\format.com a:\
copy windows\command\edit.com a:\
copy windows\command\sys.com a:\

Download the following file to A:\

http://members.home.com/iqueue/idecd.sys


Now create a config.sys as follows:

edit a:\config.sys

The config.sys needs the following in it:
device=\himem.sys
device=\idecd.sys /d:cdrom001

Save the config.sys

Now edit A:\AUTOEXEC.BAT and put the following in it:

@echo off
\mscdex.exe /d:cdrom001 /l:f
\smartdrv /n c+ f 4096 4096

Save the file and exit.

Now you will have a bootable disk that will bring up your CD-ROM as drive letter F: - the best thing to do at this point in your reinstall is NOT to launch the install, but rather ensure you have XCOPY.EXE and XCOPY32.EXE on the floppy or in the C:\ directory and do an xcopy of all the files in the Win98 subdirectory off the CD to your hard disk and perform the installation from *there*. Why? A couple of reasons - one is the installation goes faster from the hard disk, but that's a minor reason. The primary reason is that after installation you will no longer be bothered by that annoying 'please insert your Windows 98 CD' when upgrading drivers, installing new versions of DirectX, etc, since all the source files for the OS are on your disk. the XCOPY command looks as follows:

(boot from floppy and format the hard drive

a:
format c:
sys c:

if necessary - be sure you have a backup first of whatever you want to keep!)

xcopy f:\win98\*.* c:\win98kit\*.* /e

Now boot off the hard disk and do:

cd \win98kit
setup


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4230906
Asker : spinin1200s
Subject : control alt delete to log into NT server
Private : No

Question : Why do we have to press (ctrl alt delete) buttons to log into NT Server 4??? What's the reason why??

Thanks,

DR

Answer : The reason why the CTRL-ALT-DEL key sequence was chosen was due to the fact that these keys would spontaneously reboot a DOS or Windows (3.1 or 9x) machine. The idea being that you could not fool an NT user by writing a fake NT front-end that would get them to type in their ID and password that you could capture, stealing their account information. Using this key sequence stopped this behavior by making it more difficult since the systems not running NT would reboot when the user tried to "login" to the fake screen.


--
Paul Doherty, CNA3/CNE_4/CNE_IW/CNE_5/MCP/MCSE/A.A.Sc./B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4231344
Asker : agapelove777
Subject : Win98 Stack Overflow Problem/Freeze Using Java
Private : No

Question :
http://www.geocities.com/PraiseJesus777/getpaid.html

Hello, I'm using Windows98 1st Edition and I'm having a huge problem with Windows NOT starting properly.

I received this pc from someone who had recently reformatted it, and ever since they reformatted, Windows has NOT started properly and even when it restarts, it's extremely slow. Many times when I attempt to start Windows in normal mode, it completely stalls out without loading. I then hit reset and start it in safe mode, and then, sometimes, it will start in normal mode, but again, it's extremely slow to restart if it starts at all.

Only ONE TIME did I receive any kind of error message that might suggest what the problem is:
"Terminating thread due to a stack overflow problem. A VxD, possibly recently installed, has consumed too much stack space. Increase the setting of "MinSPs" in SYSTEM.INI or remove recently installed VxDs. There are currently 5 SPs allocated."

Okay, HOW, exactly, do I perform the correction procedure that was suggested by Windows? I don't even know how to access SYSTEM.INI to increase th "MinSPs" settings. Also, this computer
"freezes-up" when I attempt to use certain JAVA features on certain websites. Is this problem associated with the stack overflow problem, or is it another problem?

I would greatly appreciate advice from computer experts who read this. I will give a HIGH RATING for your expertise. ;o) Thank you for your time and assistance.

http://www.geocities.com/PraiseJesus777/getpaid.html

Answer : Rather than troubleshoot that (which you can still do if this fails) I would try putting the system back into the state it was when first installed (in terms of hardware and VxDs). Do this:

Reboot the machine and hold down the left SHIFT key until a menu appears. Choose "Safe mode command prompt only". Then do this:

c:
cd \
attrib -r -h -s system.1st
cd windows
attrib -r -h -s system.dat
copy system.dat sysdat.bak
copy system.ini sysini.bak
copy \system.1st system.dat

Now reboot the PC and sit back for a minute - it will come up and redetect hardware and perform other tasks as if it's the first boot of Windows again. Your program items should still be there and programs should run as before but it's possible some may be affected by this procedure.

Hopefully your system will run much better after this is done. If for some reason it doesn't and is worse (not sure that's possible :-) you can reinstate the original screwy files with this (same boot procedure to safe mode):

c:
cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s system.dat
copy sysdat.bak system.dat
copy sysini.bak system.ini

and reboot...


--
Paul Doherty, CNA3/CNE_4/CNE_IW/CNE_5/MCP/MCSE/A.A.Sc./B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4239381
Asker : charleshung
Subject : homework help
Private : No

Question : I can't find the answers for the following T/F questions; please help!

1. File protection can be provided by passwords, by access lists, or by special ad hoc techniques.

2. The basic hardware elements involved in I/O are buses, device controllers, and the devices themselves.

3. The kernel module that controls a device is a Monitor.

4. I/O system calls are costly in terms of CPU consumption, because of the numerous layers of software between a physical device and the application.

5. Defragmentating a badly fragmented file system can significantly improce the performance, but the system is generally unusable while the defragmentation is in process.

Thank you for your assistant.

Answer : I will give my best estimates on these as I am not in your class and am not referring to any materials.

1 T
2 T
3 F ("driver" I expect)
4 T
5 T

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4246864
Asker : charleshung
Subject : CONFIRM MY ANSWERS
Private : No

Question : Thank you for your help for previous questions; the followings are answers which I did. Please check whether I am correct.

1. (T) CPU scheduling is the task of selecting a waiting process from the ready queue and allocating the CPU to it.

2. (F) Semaphores are a defragmentation.

3. (T) To be executed ATOMICALLY, means either all or none.

4. (T) Deadlock occurs when 2 or more processes are waiting indefinitely for an event that can be caused only by 1 of the waiting processes.

5. (T) Since main memory is usually too small to accommodate all data and programs permanetly, the computer system must provide secondary storage to back up main memory.

Thank you for your assistant.


Answer : They look right to me...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4261602
Asker : padmavin@...
Subject : computer network
Private : Yes

Question : we have connected 3 celeron 600 mhz computers having 64 mb memory and 10.2 gb hdd with each other using d-link fast ethernet 10/100 card in each with d-link 8 port hub now we can share our hp deskjet printer but can not share one internet connection though we have external modem connected to one pc - heys accura - 33.6 kbps. plese inform me about internet sharing
we have windows 98 operating system in all.

Answer : Please do not ask questions in private if they are not of a private nature. This is a general question, and not of an embarrassing nature. Marking it as private detracts from the value of our interaction to others as they cannot read it under any circumstance.

Internet Sharing requires additional software unless the machine with the modem connection is running 98 SE. If you have 98 SE there is additional software available in it called ICS (Internet Connection Sharing) that allows one machine's internet connection to be used across a network of other machines like you're wanting. That is the cheapest way to get it done.

I'd recommend you get a copy of 98 SE for the machine with the connection.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4269747
Asker : bobbysingh61@...
Subject : computer science
Private : No

Question : What is IT, is it the same as a information systems specialist.
Also what is the average salary for someone in IT.
And does it have a good future.

Answer : "IT" stands for "Information Technology" and is a term for the field in general, not a specific job.

Average salary for the whole of the IT industry is a difficult target - perhaps you'd like some salaries for different jobs within the field?

http://www.computerworld.com/cwi/story/0,1199,NAV64-122-250-261_STO49353,00.html

As for the future of IT - if anything the world is becoming more intertwined with computers and networking than ever before - I see no end to the good job prospects for people in IT.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : What is the difference between Information Technology and Information Systems?

Answer : No difference really... they mean the same thing. As do:

Information Systems
Management Information Systems

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com...

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : is california state university a good university to do an electrical engineering degree or IT degree or computer science degree.
Do employers in the USA find that getting a dregee for these program from california state university not impressive.
I do not know the rating of unversities for these kinds of programs in the USA because I live in toronto canada I just know that waterloo and toronto university are the best at these degrees in canada
Also I wanted to know if you do gradute from california state university is it eazier for you to, then, find a job in california in these flieds, because after graduating I want to move to california.
Thank you for all your help

Answer : Unless a school ranks in the top 100 or 50 in that field they can be considered about equal. I'm not aware if any of those schools are ranked that high, but you can check wit h them, as they'll certainly be tooting their own horn if they are.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4281566
Asker : dreghon@...
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : hello! I got a problem with my computer because now everytime it start, exist a message : " Error in powrprof.dll , the enter is missing : loadcurrentpwrscheme" Thank you Can you E mail me on <Dreghon@hotmail.com>

Answer : You have a startup in your registry that attempts to load a function called "LoadCurrentPowerScheme". In your case it appears that the DLL is corrupt (or changed) or has been replaced by a different version.

First verify that you have only one copy of the DLL. Open a DOS prompt and type:

dir \powrprof.dll /s /a /p

and not how many it finds - it should find only the one in \WINDOWS\SYSTEM.

Once you've verified there is only one copy get out your 98 CD and extract a new copy of the file and copy it over the one that's there now. Again in a DOS prompt (assuming your CD-ROM is drive letter D: and the Win98 CD is in the drive):

C:
cd \
extract /e d:\win98\win98_37.cab powrprof.dll
cd windows\system
ren powrprof.dll powrprof.bak
move \powrprof.dll .

(NOTE - it is possible that your 98 distribution may have different CAB files than mine - if so then you will not get the file extracted successfully. If you do not get the file then do this next step and send me the resulting RESULT.TXT file in a response to this question:

C:
cd \
dir d:\win98\*.cab >result.txt

Now paste in the "c:\result.txt" file.)

OK now you have the original version of the DLL that came with your version of Windows, and what should be a non-corrupt version (in case some disk error had messed up the previous one). Now try rebooting and see if the error is gone.

If it isn't then we need to explore in the registry itself and see if the line in the registry is correct. To do that:

Start/Run/regedit (hit ENTER)

In the left pane browse down to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Run

With "Run" selected in the left pane look at its contents in the right pane. You should see an entry that references the powrprof.dll called "LoadPowerProfile" and it should have a value of:

Rundll32.exe powrprof.dll,LoadCurrentPwrScheme

If yours is not exactly like that then double-click "LoadPowerProfile" and make it like the one above (only space is between Rundll32.exe and powrprof.dll). Now reboot and see if the error persists.

Also check your power management settings in Start/Settings/Control Panel/Power Management. Changing those may create a new profile in the registry, overwriting what may have been a corrupt one.

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCSE/MCP+I
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

P.S. Please use more descriptive subjects in your questions. It makes it much easier to know what questions are about in the future when referring back to them. "Computer" doesn't help much. Something like "Error loading powrprof.dll 'loadcurrentpwrscheme'" would be more appropriate.

Thanks...
Rating : 5


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QAId : 4304902
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : linux
Private : No

Question : 1) I want to see win98 files on linux and linux files in win98.
2)Also I want to view files with client computer
for this I do following :
/etc/hosts
I system II system
192.168.0.1 ssi1 192.168.0.2 ssi2
/etc/exports
192.168.0.1/255.255.255.0 192.168.0.2/255.255.255.0
command exportfs does not works.
3) And cfdisk reference fettel errors?

Answer : On #1 are you meaning Linux running on the same machine as 98? IOW - a dual boot config?

2) What is the client running? What is the host running? If you want to see Linux files from a Windows client you'll need to install and configure Samba - this emulates Windows SMB protocol.

Your example /etc/hosts looks wrong - one entry per line is the normal format:

etc/hosts
192.168.0.1 ssi1
192.168.0.2 ssi2

As for setting up NFS under Linux, here is a step by step example of setting it up that makes it easy:

http://oscar.cacr.caltech.edu/Hrothgar/machine/unix_stuff.ht
ml

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 4309323
Asker : srai@...
Subject : computer mirror offsite
Private : No

Question : I want to do a backup of my server onto a computer at another location in the city. What hardware and software things should i keep in mind. Are there any ways to connect the two servers without using the internet.

Thank you.
Sukh

Answer : If you truly want a mirror (it appears you do) I would suggest you do this:

1) Obtain *identical* machines at each side (make the mirror match the original system - same motherboard, same video and ethernet cards, etc).

2) Down the original machine and remove it's primary hard disk. Transport that hard disk to the other system, plug it in as a slave drive off the mirror system's main disk, and use Norton Ghost or DriveImage Pro to replicate an exact duplicate of the original hard disk to the backup system.

You now have a perfect bootable mirror of the primary machine.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 4328156
Asker : dewit@...
Subject : computer locks up
Private : No

Question : My PenII 233mhz computer locks up in response to a command irrespective of whether it is selected by mouse or from the keyboard.
Only thing I can put it down to is it is more likely to happen in word for eg with long documents. Seems like when the mem gets beyond a certain point and the lock up occurs.
What do you think?
I've reseated the memory.
Is ther any mem testing s/w you can recommend.
Doug

Answer : Here is one:

http://www.simmtester.com/

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue





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QAId : 4330274
Asker : rbosiak@...
Subject : dos networking
Private : No

Question : how do I network 2 dos only computers using coax cable?

Answer : Here are some step-by-steps and resources on how to build DOS client disks:

http://www.wown.com/j_helmig/Dosclflp.htm

http://www.powerquest.com/support/di/di6024.html

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/MSDOS/technote/dosnet.asp

Download the actual Client 3.0 install:

http://www.idp.net/freesoft/netclient.asp



--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 4333761
Asker : andybac@...
Subject : Fault message on windows
Private : No

Question : The following message appears. Windows An exception OD has accurred at 0028:C1701695 in VxD ctpci9x(01) + 00053515. This was called from 0028:C170456C in VxD ctpci 9x(01) + 000563Ec. It may be possible to continue normally. Press any key to attempt to continue.
The screen goes black when i press a key, Any ideas?

Andy

Answer : Hmmm... not sure what the ctpci is. Have you changed any hardware or drivers on the system? Installed any new apps?

What is happening when this occurs? Is it during boot, after several minutes of sitting idle, while playing a game, etc?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Have installed a new mother board and cpu, could this cause the problem. It happens when im on the internet usually after about 20 minutes.Mostly when i'm playing a game on yahoo games.

Andy

Answer : You changed motherboards without performing a new install of the OS? That will rarely work with any great success and is almost certainly the source of your trouble. There are tons of supporting components on a motherboard besides the CPU that will be different from motherboard to motherboard.

Backup the files you can't reinstall (your docs) and install a clean copy of the OS.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



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QAId : 4335861
Asker : halm@...
Subject : computer monitors
Private : No

Question : monitor goes dark from one use to the next. the light indicates energy is still coming in. what are possible causes. how to determine. worth a repair or time for new.

Happy holidays!

Hal

Answer : That really depends on how good of a monitor it is. If you get a picture sometimes and other times not I would suggest your run it in pure DOS for a day or two and verify it is truly defunct and not a Windows issue. Reboot and hold the CTRL key until a menu appears. Select "Safe mode command prompt only" and then leave the monitor there. Check back a few hours later (may have to press the SHIFT key to wake it up if it sleeps on inactivity) and be sure you still have a screen. If it is truly failing I would probably just replace it - the cost of repair will likely be at least 100 dollars and a new 19" monitor that will last you about 7 years is around 375 for a good one.

Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue


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QAId : 4348725
Asker : tamaryn@...
Subject : computer
Private : No

Question : I would like to know how i can do for: initiating my computer it automaticlly open the screen Internet explorer and dial to my Internet Service Provider. Thanks for your help.

Answer : If you already have your modem set to autodial (if not set it in dial-up icon or modem cotnrol panel) you can accomplish what you're after like this:

Right-click the Start button and
select "Explore"

Open the Programs folder and then the Startup folder

Right-click inside the Startup folder and select New/Shortcut, and in the first field where it wants an executable and path, instead put in the web address of the site you'd like to visit first like http://www.cnn.com and then hit ENTER.

Now whenever your computer boots that will fire off an IE session which will in turn establish your dial-up connection.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



Rating : 5


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QAId : 4360575
Asker : ac508083
Subject : Scheduled Tasks in Windows NT workstation
Private : No

Question : Hi expert,

I have set up a scheduled tasks in Windows NT workstation. It was scheduled to run a DOS batch file ( run.bat ). How to set it to mininized running mode, so that it will not notified by user when running. The command line in the batch file is just to copy a file from one directory to another.

Thanks.

Answer : You can edit the Properties for your DOS Prompt icon to set it to Minimized when it runs. Just right-click the icon (Start/Programs/Accessories/MS-DOS Prompt) and select Properties. Then under the Program tab in the "run" drop-down select Minimized.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4370630
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Computer virus
Private : No

Question : I downloaded an antivirus software from an ISP Cd, called Command Antivirus software. But afterwards, i came to know that it is not updated, and now every time i start my computer, a message comes that "your this may be infected, that may be infected". As a result now my notepad, windows explorer etc. does not open.
Infact when i go to the accessories,nothing opens, instead, the window of virus infection pops up. Please help me, how do i uninstall it?

Answer : If there is an entry in either the menu where the anti-virus software resides to uninstall, or an entry in:

Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs

you can uninstall it that way. Otherwise it's quite messy to get rid of an anti-virus application. Try those two and if you can't get rid of it let me know. Check the Add-Remove list carefully! It may be listed under the company name or the product name...


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4371774
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : linux networking
Private : No

Question : 1) How can i run linux ext2 floppy in windows 98?
2) I have 810 motherboard. I install red hat linux 6.1 on this system.
fonts size and windows size appear very large when using startx?
3) how can i see linux files in another linux system without using telnet?
4)I install linux on a system then windows 98. Now master boot record becomes windows 98. How can i run linux now without xosl software?
I am unable to set linux as active partition because
I use following partitions
1. 3000 fat32 parimary dos partitions
2. rest of all as linux
Now there is a only c drive which I can activates?
5)command dos, dosemu does not run?
please tell me in detail process that How to configure this feature?
6) how can i partitions my hard disk as linux native using dumb of linux in my hard disk?

Answer : 1) As far as I know you can't read ext2 floppies (or any other ext2 filesystem) in Windows. But since you can see the Windows filesystems (FAT/FAT32) from inside *Linux* it doesn't matter too much since you can just copy the data needed while in Linux to the Windows partition where it will be visible on the next boot into Windows.

2) Try running Xconfigurator or xf86config as root on the system and be sure you have the monitor and graphics card right.

3) You can use NFS to export portions of your filesystem so they can be mounted on remote machines. Here is a step-by-step to configuring it:

http://www.redhat.com/support/docs/tips/NFS-Tips/NFS-Tips-4.html

4) If you installed 98 after Linux then the MBR indeed got overwritten. Boot from your Linux boot floppy *or* from the original Linux install CD (trickier this way as you need to manually mount /) and as root issue the command:

lilo

This will take the config from /etc/lilo.conf and write it to your MBR, restoring your dual boot capability.

5) Never used dosemu for DOS emulation.

6) I'm not sure what you're asking here. Please rephrase the question - it appears you want to create native Linux partitions?


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4371781
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : linux networking
Private : No

Question : 1) How can i run linux ext2 floppy in windows 98?
2) I have 810 motherboard. I install red hat linux 6.1 on this system.
fonts size and windows size appear very large when using startx?
3) how can i see linux files in another linux system without using telnet?
4)I install linux on a system then windows 98. Now master boot record becomes windows 98. How can i run linux now without xosl software?
I am unable to set linux as active partition because
I use following partitions
1. 3000 fat32 parimary dos partitions
2. rest of all as linux
Now there is a only c drive which I can activates?
5)command dos, dosemu does not run?
please tell me in detail process that How to configure this feature?
6) how can i partitions my hard disk as linux native using dumb of linux in my hard disk?

Answer : 1) As far as I know you can't read ext2 floppies (or any other ext2 filesystem) in Windows. But since you can see the Windows filesystems (FAT/FAT32) from inside *Linux* it doesn't matter too much since you can just copy the data needed while in Linux to the Windows partition where it will be visible on the next boot into Windows.

2) Try running Xconfigurator or xf86config as root on the system and be sure you have the monitor and graphics card right.

3) You can use NFS to export portions of your filesystem so they can be mounted on remote machines. Here is a step-by-step to configuring it:

http://www.redhat.com/support/docs/tips/NFS-Tips/NFS-Tips-4.html

4) If you installed 98 after Linux then the MBR indeed got overwritten. Boot from your Linux boot floppy *or* from the original Linux install CD (trickier this way as you need to manually mount /) and as root issue the command:

lilo

This will take the config from /etc/lilo.conf and write it to your MBR, restoring your dual boot capability.

5) Never used dosemu for DOS emulation.

6) I'm not sure what you're asking here. Please rephrase the question - it appears you want to create native Linux partitions?


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4372657
Asker : rhoudek
Subject : possible corrupted file allocation table
Private : No

Question : I checked my disk status for free space and found that on my 27 gig drive , I have only 2 gig left. Since I don't download many things from the internet and have not added any significant programs, I think I have a corrupted file. I ran Norton disk doctor fixing a few problems but it didn't resolve the problem. How can I find out what and where the largest file is? Maybe I can get a better picture of what my problem is.

Answer : This utility will show you what files and dirs are using the most space very quickly:

http://www.jamsoft.net/tsizepro2.zip


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4378581
Asker : cyberdata
Subject : @#TOTAL WIPEOUT#@
Private : No

Question :
Hi:

Is there any way to TOTALLY clean up your computer/hard drive/ OS so that it's as "clean" as the day you brought your puter home?

I've been using WINDOW-WASHER and it "promises" cleaning, bleaching etc. But I'm left wondering....is everything REALLY gone?

As a relative newbie, I understand that there really is NO way to COMPLETELY wipe everything out...that somewhere in your computer, some trace of "where you've been" will always be left AND....if "someone" really wanted to, had the know-how and unlimited funds, the "compromising" data could be found.

Surely there must be SOME way to purge the computer of your "sins" so that no one could ever trace where you've been, without your having to totally trash your computer and send it to the nearest furnace.

Thanks.

CyberData

Answer : Here's how I would trash a disk I didn't want seen:

fdisk and format it with one large partition that used all the space on the drive

boot from a DOS floppy and run a BAT file (or EXE) of my own creation similar to this (create an autoexec.bat file - doesn't matter how large or small it is):

@echo off
type a:\autoexec.bat > c:\dump.txt
:start
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump.txt
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump2.txt
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump3.txt
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump4.txt
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump5.txt
type c:\dump.txt >> c:\dump6.txt
goto start

Run that and walk away for a few minutes. When you come back the disk will be filled to the brim (meaning every sector has been written to as the files have grown to maximum size). You will need to test with just one dump file to see how large they can each become. I expect it will max each file at 2GB so you will need as many dump?.txt files as your hard disk in GB divided by 2. So the example above would fill a 10 or 12GB drive (put one more than needed to be sure you've used every bit of available disk space).

Lather. Rinse. Repeat.

Run that whole procedure several times and the drives previous data should be irrevocable by any means available. just to really mess it up change the contents of the autoexec.bat file on A:\ each time you run it.

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCP+I/MCSE
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion :

Sorry to bother you again. Someone once told me that what I had to do to accomplish a total clean-out was a SECOND-LEVEL RECALIBRATION. Do you know what that is or is it perhaps the formula you gave me above?

CyberData

Answer : That sounds to me like they mean a low-level format. I doubt that would rid you of the data as well as my home-grown procedure will. The primary reason is that even if a disk has been overwritten, even a few times, the "historical" data previously stored leaves a magnetic impression that can be found. By doing what I described you will be rewriting every sector of the disk enough times to effectively guarantee that the real data will never be recovered (without destroying the hard disk).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion :

Thanks again. Scary stuff.

CyberData

Answer : You're welcome... now go, and use your power for GOOD.

:-)


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4378615
Asker : SUSANVV
Subject : Closing a program programatically
Private : No

Question : I am not sure if this is the correct category, but does anyone know of a way to close a program that is already running using a command line or a batch program? I need to be able to run either using sage or task scheduler. TIA for any help.

Sue Van

Answer : Try my emailware utility Killtask - it's designed for this. You simply type:

killtask progname

into a command-line or from a batch file and the program will be gone.

http://members.home.net/iqueue/KillTask.exe

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCP+I/MCSE
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4382787
Asker : ckroeter@...
Subject : Computer Processors
Private : No

Question : i am in the process of looking for a new computer. can you give me direction in looking at processors. at the present time i am considering 2 systems, 1 with a 1000MHz AMD Athlon processor the other a 933MHz Pentium III. is one better than the other in regards to performance / reliability? thanks cmk

Answer : My opinion is to stick with Intel CPUs. While the Athlons are fast and good (mostly at synthetic benchmarks) the chipsets that support them are less stallar. This can lead to system instabilities and incompatibilities. To me it's not worth saving 100 dollars on a CPU I'll be using for the next two years when it's going to give me grief. My suggestion is to buy the fastest P3 you can afford.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4385352
Asker : mjp55@...
Subject : re-imaging the computer
Private : No

Question : How do you create a re-image disk for the computer?

Answer : I usually do it by making a C: and a D: drive during initial install. Then I install the OS, drivers and mandatory apps on C:, reboot into DOS mode, run Ghost and ghost the C: partition to the D: drive. Then I simply reboot into Windows and use a CD burning application to burn both the Ghpst image off D: and the Ghost.exe itself to a CDR. Now if the need ever arises to rebuild you just boot from a DOS (CD-ROM capable) floppy and apply the ghost image from the CD.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4385444
Asker : bobl452
Subject : Task Bar
Private : No

Question : I am using Windows ME. My task bar and open programs seems to be hanging up at times. I went to Dr. Watson and it says (If the Taskbar is behaving strangely, try exiting Multimedia background task support module).
Module Name: mmtask.tsk
Description: Multimedia background task support module
Version: 4.90.3000
Product: Microsoft Windows
Manufacturer: Microsoft Corporation

Well this is the problem I am having. I was wondering how to exit the multimedia background task support module and what affects will it have on my system? Also will this correct the problem or will it cause other problems? Thanks

Bob

Answer : That would not seem a very permanent solution as you'll have to do it continually. Have you applied any Windows ME updates from Start/Windows Update? To kill the mmtask.tsk try pressing CTRL-ALT-DEL once and look for it in the dialog that appears. Select it and select End Task.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4387132
Asker : bobl452
Subject : re Task Bar
Private : No

Question : Thanks for your answer. I have used windows update lately. I only downloaded the criticle update only. I haven't updated the 5.5 sp 1 because of all the problems with that brouser. I have tried ctrl-alt-del before I wrote you and mmtask.tsk is not in the box. I checked ms config and it's not in the start up either. I checked system info and under running task, loaded modules, program groups and start up programs and it's not in any of the groups. Do you think because it's not loaded in any of them groups that this could be the problem? If it is the problem how do you get it loaded to work? There isn't a mmtask.tsk anywhere to check to have it start up.

Bob

Answer : Well IIRC he told you that if it *was* running it could be causing this problem, but you've just confirmed that it isn't running so that is probably not your problem. I ran WinME a couple of times during beta and a couple of times after it came out and I am back at 98. I found it had too many problems... maybe you've found another?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4395783
Asker : raykk
Subject : Quick Launch address change
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul , I am a novice with a Windows 98 problem, I have an icon on my quick launch toolbar that has an incorrect address. whichwas previously correct. I have been unable to change the address. Can you help me with the proper procedure? My manuals have little to say on the subject. Thank You, Ray

Answer : If you mean a shortcut that no longer points where it should, you just:

right-click the offending shortcut and select Properties

Put in the correct path to the executable (or other) in the "Target" field

Click OK and test it out. If you need help locating the file so you'll know the path use Start/Find/Files and Folders to help you.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4433544
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : computer freeze's up
Private : No

Question : I just put in a new motherboard called A-open AK72 AMD K7 with a 600 A-slot cpu chip. Now the computer is freezen up on me, sometimes it will run for hours before it freeze's and then there are times it run's for ten minutes. It don't matter what program I have running it freeze's when I'm online or off, playing a game, writing a letter and when the computer is booting up too. I have put in a video board, I'm running windows 98. The motherboard is only about six weeks old. If you can help me e-mail me at sharbo22r@cs.com

thank you
karen

Answer : I hate to tell you this, but the problem may be the motherboard itself. AMD motherboard chipsets have been notorious for their instability and incompatibility since days of the K6 CPU. One thing you can try to get some better stability is to load the "conservative" settings in your BIOS. Enter the BIOS at the very beginning of a boot by pressing the indicated key (usually DEL). Look for a way to load the conservative or fail-safe settings and try that for a while. If things run better at all you may have a motherboard chipset problem, or your RAM may be marginal at the latencies you were running it at.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 4446540
Asker : fifiliao@...
Subject : Zip Driver
Private : No

Question : Can I Use ZIP 100MB Disks for 250MB Driver?
or Can use ZIP 250MB Disks for 100MB Driver?

Answer : The 250MB drives can read both the 250MB and 100MB disks, while the 100MB can only read the 100MB disks.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities
Home of PC DiskMaster and DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4448847
Asker : ever_green
Subject : about Windows2000
Private : No

Question : Hi!
I am reading a pamphlet about Windows 2000, and came across a phrase. I'll put the text and my question below. Thank you.

To get more out of existing networks and to allocate the highest quality of services to the peoples that need them the most, Windows 2000 Server includes advanced Quality of ServicesiQoS) features.
These features seamlessly integrate with the newest network switches and routers. QoS also helps ensure that network intensive applications don't use more bandwidth than is allocated to them in advance.

Q) What is "network intensive applications"? I cannot find its meaning by any on-line PC dictionaries.

Answer : QoS is a way to insure that applications that need bandwidth get it. Instead of all data flowing on the network being given the same priority and competing for the available bandwidth, QoS allows setting of priorities for different types of data, usually used for granting real-time activities priority over those that can wait. An example of a real-time activity is video-conferencing. If you can give this task priority you can get smooth video-conferencing even when the network is at full capacity.

A "network intensive" application would be one that will use all the bandwidth it can get. Users downloading software is a good example - if the sending system has enough bandwidth, a single transfer can use up your whole network's bandwidth, leaving none for your email. QoS can throttle those transfers to a maximum, preserving bandwidth for other uses.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4452116
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : linux queries
Private : No

Question : 1) How users shutdown their computer in linux at command prompt if they have not following rights :-shutdown now, poweroff, halt, reboot.
2) I run startx command from only root. How I grant users to use this features?.
3) I have 810 motherboard. It has in-built display card. I use setup->Xconfigurator-> and use almost all capabilities, But fonts size and windows size appear very large in linux window.
4)Through which method I am able to sending message from linux to windows-98 and windows to linux

Answer : 1) Very likely the command shutdown has been set as 'setuid' which means it will run with effective rights of the user account root, instead of as the user who invoked it. setuid is a way to allow the execution of a file owned by root by non-root users without allowing those users to edit the file. The login process functions this way, as does the passwd command.

2) The startx command should be available to all users already - have you tried it as a normal user? What distro and version are you running?

3) I think we already have a discussion in another question on this topic. I've addresses it there.

4) Same as #3 - addressed in your other question.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4457655
Asker : kkwan82
Subject : internet connection stops
Private : No

Question : Hello. I have a problem with my internet connection. I'm not sure what the problem is, but here's my situation:

1) I use my school's internet service provider to connect to the internet.

2) I use Windows 98 SE and have a 56k v.90 modem. I connect well (53333kbs connection) and start using the internet.

3) Sometimes, when I'm opening a webpage (say www.askme.com), it takes a while before the blinking of the little modem computers take place (I'm talking about the 2 little computers at the bottom right corner of the taskbar that blinks when data is transfered).

4) Sometimes, there is no blinking at all when I'm waiting for the web page to load. I wait maybe about 1 minute sometimes before the connection realizes there's something to be performed!! I don't know what the problem was, so I stay online anywho.

5) I like to play internet games (i.e. - Blizzard's Starcraft).

6) Whenever I log on and play on Blizzard's network, my internet connection seems to freeze again!

7) When I look at my 2 little blinking computers, there is absolutely no blinking sometimes. I see the 2 little computers freeze and turn green. Both of the computers are frozen at green.

8) What I do sometimes is to "alt-tab" to temporarily leave the game and open a browser to open a webpage.

9) I do this to sort of "WAKE UP" my connection. Sometimes this works, sometimes the 2 little computers are still frozen.

10) Well, up to now, I'm wondering if it's my computer, my modem, my phone line, or my ISP. I tried connecting to another ISP (EarthLink), but I got the same problems. So that takes out the ISP as the problem.

11) I put a regular telephone on my phone line to see if there is static when I pick up the phone. To my surprise, there is no static. Also, I have two phonelines, so I sign online with my other phone line and I get the same problems. This second phone line doesn't have static either; so that rules out the phone line causing the problems.

12) My last resort was reinstall everything that had to do with my modem or networking connections (i.e. - modem drivers, tcp/ip protocol, dialup networking, etc). I did this reinstalling step by FORMATTING my computer. When I format, it is automatic that the modem drivers, tcp/ip protocol, etc will be reinstalled. When everything is done, I try to dial my ISP again.

13) Frustrating as it is, I get the same results. Connections stop sometimes. The 2 little computers freeze when I'm playing my online games.

14) Desperate as I was, I was thinking maybe I was signing online during the "online traffic jam" times.

15) So in the morning (6am), I signed online - same problems.

16) In the afternoon - same problems.

17) 1am - same problems. 4am - same problems.

18) Everytime I play my online games, internet freezes no matter what. If I'm lucky, I get to finish one game sometimes.


I don't know what to do at this point. It may be my modem. But this is a laptop that I'm using to go online with. The modem is a built-in and is very small. I can't open it. I don't know what other alternatives there are. Can you please give me suggestions or tips or anything that may help me solve this problem. I'd really appreciate it. Thanks very much in advance!

Cordially,

Kenneth S. Kwan

Answer : You've done a good job in isolating the situation, and in describing it to me. I'd say your most likely culprit is indeed your modem. And more specifically (if applicable) the *drivers* you're using with the modem. If this is a WinModem style modem I'd suggest getting the latest updates for your particular modem and installing those and see what you get. Most can be had here:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/modems.html

Also be sure you have a new version of DirectX:

http://www.microsoft.com/directx

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4458147
Asker : ehd-lkd@...
Subject : Monitors
Private : No

Question : Hello Pauldoherty:

I'm working on a home made cockpit , and was wondering how many monitors ( maxium amount please ) i can link to my computer ?

Answer : Apparently as many as you have slots for (video cards that is). Put your primary in your AGP slot (and make it the primary in your BIOS) and add PCI cards till you run out of room...

http://www.languru.com/multimon.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4493506
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : start
Private : No

Question : When I shut down my pc, NOW ITS SAFE TO TURN OFF YOUR COMPUTER will come out on the screen. Can I change the test, let say I wanna change it to ..BYE BYE if I can, can u pliz teach me ?



Can I change the word START on my desktop to OPEN ?

Thank you.

Answer : For changing your startup/shutdown screens:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/apps/98/startup-tools.html

For changing the text of the "Start" button.

1) Get a hex editor and install it - here's one:

http://www.softseek.com/Programming/Editors/Review_18142_index.html

2) Make a backup copy of C:\WINDOWS\EXPLORER.EXE and a copy for the new text :

(Open a DOS prompt)

copy c:\windows\explorer.exe c:\windows\explorer.bak

copy c:\windows\explorer.exe c:\windows\explorer.new

3) Open Axe and use it to open c:\windows\explorer.new

4) Press CTRL-F, select Raw Hex Bytes as the search type and search for:

53 00 74 00 61 00 72 00 74

Press F3 until you loop around to the top again then come back to the last instance found near the bottom. You'll know you have the right one as there is an error message just below the one you want that starts "There was an internal error". Click on the square that has the "S" in "Start" and type over each character you want to be something different. Any character spaces you don't use click in their corresponding cell on the left pane and type "00" (that's two zeroes) over them.

5) Save the file, restart in DOS mode and:


c:
cd \windows
copy /y explorer.new explorer.exe
exit

And you should be done - if something goes wrong boot into DOS again and retore the original:

c:
cd \windows
copy /y explorer.bak explorer.exe


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4498374
Asker : darbyo7
Subject : crashed computer
Private : No

Question : Dear Expert,

One of our computers has crashed. It will not do anything, we have inserted the start-up disk for windows 98 to no avail, it won't except it.

It starts in safe mode and won't go any further.

We don't know what to do... HELP?

Answer : Hold the CTRL key during a reboot (or press F8 as soon as hard disk gets hit) until the boot menu appears. Choose "Command Prompt Only" and then follow these steps:

If you want to try and recover from a crash that has disabled Windows do the following:

C:
cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
ren system.dat system.bak
ren system.dat system.bak
ren system.ini sysini.bak
ren win.ini winini.bak
cd sysbckup
dir *.cab
(look for the newest file listed - that is the most recent date of creation - we'll assume the newest file was named RB001.CAB)
extract /e rb001.cab
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
move system.dat ..
move system.ini ..
move user.dat ..
move win.ini ..

What we have done here is to take advantage of the fact that Windows 98/SE takes periodic backups of the registry. We have taken the latest version of those backups and reinstated that backed-up version.

Reboot the machine and see if the sitation has improved. If it hasn't you can repeat this process with successively older versions of the registry backups. If you decide that you are not getting anywhere and the problem lies elsewhere you can put the original versions you had back in place with this:

C:
cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
copy /y system.bak system.dat
copy /y user.bak user.dat
copy /y sysini.bak system.ini
copy /y winini.bak win.ini

If these steps don't help you your problem may be file-related - meaning you may have the wrong version of a critical file, or there has been corruption of a critical file. Try holding the CTRL key during a boot and when the menu appears choose a 'Logged' boot. After the boot is completed you can examine the bootlog.txt file for some more clues as to what you are facing.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Hi Paul,

Thank you for your response to my question re: crashed computer.

I did the following:
Held down the CTRL key while I booted-up
Choose the command prompt
I typed cd\windows
attrib-r-h-s*.dat
When I pressed enter it gave me this message:
"bad command file or name"

I tried typing the whole thing on one line to no avail still gave me the above message....what do I do now??

Thank you so much!!

Answer : There are spaces in there that you didn't type.

attrib_-r_-h_-s_*.dat

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Hi Paul,

Thank you for the answer re: spaces.

So I got down to the line: ren win. ini winini. bak It gave me this message "File not found"

So I typed-in> cd Sysbckup (then)
dir *. cab It gave me this message "too many parameters"

What do I do now???

Thx. so much

Rating : 5

Answer : Heh. Now you're putting spaces where they don't belong...

Try copying and pasting the lines from the message into the DOS prompt. Drag across the command in this window, then press CTRL-C to copy it to the clipboard. Then bring the DOS window to the foreground (click it) and press the paste button on the toolbar (near the top - looks like a little clipboard).


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4500305
Asker : dpendergrass
Subject : Netware 5 Login History
Private : No

Question : My question is where is the history filed stored within Novell. I need to know when was the last time a person login, I mean since this person log in now how can I tell when the person login last, I am using Novell Netware 5 Thanks


Answer : Here is info on where they are stored on the client side:

http://support.novell.com/cgi-bin/search/search.pl?database_name=kb&type=HTML&docid=%03jF159113%3a979053498%3a%20%28%20login%20history%20located%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20productClass%20%3d%20%28%22NetWare%22%29%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20docGroup%20%3d%20%280%29%20%29%20%20%07%01%00&byte_count=5310

Logins appear to be kept here in the registry:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Novell\Login\History\Servers

at least on the version of client they are referring to in the document. I'd expect that not to change much though.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4510704
Asker : cbachman
Subject : Add/Remove Programs
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,
Because the Uninstall utility did not work, I manually deleted some programs but the names still remain in the add/remove programs dialog box. I was wondering how to remove these and
any other straggling files related to the program?
the os is nt4 wkst, but have had the same problem
in win98, Thanks you, Chris

Answer : Under 98 (a similar location likely exists under NT) you can use regedit.exe (Start/run/regedit.exe) and navigate to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

Under there you will see folders that correspond to items you have (or have had) in your Add/Remove Programs list. I'd expect that nuking one of the folders would remove it from your list.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4511636
Asker : telecommpros@...
Subject : computer keywords
Private : No

Question : do you know of a site where I can obtain keywords like, C, C++, Unix, NT, Oracle, Sybase, ect. I need this for a project on techincal search. I don't need the a detailed description just the keywords. Can you help?

Thanks,
Bob

Answer : What do you mean by "keywords"? Do you mean the reserved words in each language that are reserved for special use?

If you just mean a site with information on computer terms try:

http://www.whatis.com

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4517791
Asker : philippa.berry@...
Subject : solaris
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,

I wonder if you can help me with this ? I would like to disallow people from logging in as root directly apart from console. I know this is possible for Digital UNIX but I am using Solaris 2.7 & 2.8.

cheers

Philippa

Answer : Edit the file:

/etc/default/login

and uncomment the line that looks like this:

#CONSOLE=/dev/console

so it looks like this:

CONSOLE=/dev/console


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4519115
Asker : cbachman
Subject : Using VB to send Email
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,
I was wondering if there is a VB6 command to
automatically grab a file and send it via
email using outlook 2000? thanks,

Answer : VB6 comes with a sample app to implement just this feature - mine was stored at:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\MSDN98\98VS\1033\SAMPLES\VB98\misc\Vbmail

If you're missing the sample apps run the Add/Remove Programs and act like you're removing Visual Studio (or VB6) and it will offer you the option to Add/Remove items from the install. Or you can just search for the Vbmail sample app alone on the CD.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4523935
Asker : amex
Subject : SUN SOLARIS 8.0 certification
Private : No

Question : Dear Sir,
I want to prepare for SUN SOLARIS 8.0
ADMINISTRATION certification. I have a community college near my house which offers REDHAT LINUX ADMINISTRATION class. If I learn RedHat Linux administration, to what extent will it help me to prepare for SUN SOLARIS ADMINISTRATION CERTIFICATION exam ?
Thanks for your feedback.



Answer : It may help in the area of general UNIX knowledge, but there are enough differences that it may be more confusing than just learning Solaris to begin with. Did you know Solaris 8 is free and is available for Intel PCs? neither Linux nor Solaris on Intel will help you with learning the idiosyncratic Sun hardware though, but I expect that to be a minor portion of the exams.

http://www.sun.com/software/solaris/binaries/;$sessionid$A5PFXHIAAIPKJAMTA1FU45Q

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4527695
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Can Help?
Private : No

Question : The information superhighway concept would be a catalyst for the development and improvement of the Internet. What does information superhighway refers to?

Answer : "Information Superhighway" is just a synonym ("buzzword") for the Internet, as it has come to be in the last 6 years or so.

Does that answer your question?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4530611
Asker : philippa.berry@...
Subject : Memory quota solaris boxes.
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul,

Thanks for the information on the /etc/default/login file.

I have another question for you . I would like to find out how much memory I have in each Solaris box. I have tried the command grep mem /var/adm/messages unfortunatley the messages has been overwritten since the last time the machine was booted.

I notice that the utility "top" supplies this information. Where does it read it from.

Cheers

Philippa

Answer : I'm not sure where it gets its information from, but you can try this one:

/usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag -v


and looks near the top of the output:

Memory size: 256 Megabytes


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4531751
Asker : sumitghaiin
Subject : linux queries
Private : No

Question : 1) I write following program in a file:
cat >file
a=0.4
echo `expr $a \* 2`


Then sh file

multiplication not proceed.
Through which method I am able to multiply decimal numbers.

2) I want to write following primid program in LInux:

12345
1234
123
12
1
Through which command I am able to print Horizontal numbers

b=1
a=5
while [ $b -le $a ]
do
echo $b
a=`expr $a - 1
b=`expr $b + 1`
done

3)I install win98 and linux on same computer
I write following mounting command:
mount -t msdos /dev/hda1 /mnt/win98
This display files in C: drives
I have D: also.
How can I view files in D: from Linux?

4) How can I configure netconf->samba server->default->winpopup command?

Thanking you!

Answer : As for #1 - no shell I know of (sh, bash, ksh) currently performs floating point arithmetic. You may need to use awk or perl to write this script instead.

On #2 you didn't mention the requirements (loop, etc) but this works:

#!/usr/bin/ksh
a=12345
print ${a}
print ${a%?}
print ${a%??}
print ${a%???}
print ${a%????}

#3 - The second hard drive will be:

/dev/hdb

with the partition numbers running from 1 on up. So the first partition mount would be:

mkdir /mnt/win_d
mount -t msdos /dev/hdb1 /mnt/win_d

#4 Never configured WinPopup under Linux; can't help there.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4546007
Asker : wgore39
Subject : Floppy copying
Private : No

Question : I would like to transfer Simply Accounting files from business pc to home pc. I don't have a zip drive or cd writer. Can I do this by floppy? Is there a program to use for multiple floppies?
I am using Win 98 operating system

Answer : If you don't already have it download and install WinZip - http://www.winzip.com. In addition to compressing files and dirs if you create the ZIP on a blank floppy you can specify "Span across multiple disks" which will use as many disks as are needed to back up as much as you have selected.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4566127
Asker : cmpcom
Subject : configuration files
Private : No

Question : Does anyone out there know which configuration file showing the configuration settings for a PC running MS-DOS with 4 MB of memory and applications that use both extended and expanded memory would be used. And what would it look like? I really need help with this one. THANX, Craig

Answer : Just try adding these lines to your config.sys, then reboot and hold CTRL until the menu appears - the pick "Command Prompt Only"

device=c:\windows\himem.sys
device=c:\windows\emm386.exe ram

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4578785
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : urgent: windows
Private : Yes

Question : Hi there,

I was hoping you could help me with a problem i'm having on my computer. For some reason, I can't start up windows on my computer, I keep getting a message "invalid system disk, replace the disk and then press any key" but there is no disk in the computer and I press a key but nothing happens....

any ideas?

Thanx very much,
Lanka

Answer : If you get this message and there is no floppy in your floppy drive, then the floppy drive is either misconfigured in the BIOS, the floppy drive is dying or is broken, or the motherboard floppy controller has issues. If you can't find the source of the problem as a work-around disable the floppy drive in the BIOS (press DEL usually during boot to enter BIOS screen).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4586038
Asker : marionbowles@...
Subject : computer viruses
Private : Yes

Question : Have been notified that an email attachment I sent out had a virus detected in it by recipient's system. the virus is :TROJ_MTX.A.
Can you please tell me how to get rid of this and how damaging it is.
Very many thanks.
Best wishes
M

Answer : Run this to remove it (I think this is the one you need):

http://service1.symantec.com/sarc/sarc.nsf/info/html/W95.MTX.Fix.Tool.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4587014
Asker : lindalwalton@...
Subject : solaris x86
Private : Yes

Question : I am trying to install Solaris 2.6 on a Gateway
PC. I can't get the device configuration assistant to run; it complains about no boot
drive mounted. Any ideas? Thanks.

Need More Information : At what stage in the install do you get this? After a successful boot from CD? Before or after partitioning? I'm not that familiar with the Intel Solaris as I admin Solaris on Suns but if I can see what's happening I'll help where I can.

FUQuestion : Hello Paul,

Well, I also administer Solaris on Sun equipment and am having a hard time finding any documentation to assist me. So, I have a PC with no OS installed on it. I have the device configuration assistant floppy and the Solaris 2.6 cdrom installed in the drives on the system. When I turn on the system, it appears to look at the floppy (which is the first bootable device) and gives me the error that the boot drive is not mounted. I initially thought that it was referring to the unformated boot drive but I guess it's referring to the cdrom. (which has the Solaris 2.6 cd in it) I looked on docs.sun.com and sunsolve but I came up empty handed.
My PC expert friend tells me that if there is a Wide SCSI adapter for the boot drive and an IDE cdrom drive, that it will work if I disable the SCSI cdrom drive bios. Something about the Wide SCSI blocks the access to the IDE cdrom. I hope to try that shortly but I have a couple of other sys admin tasks to do first.
I really want to thank you for replying to me during this frustrating exercise.

Linda Waltonm

FUQuestion : Hello Paul,

Well, I also administer Solaris on Sun equipment and am having a hard time finding any documentation to assist me. So, I have a PC with no OS installed on it. I have the device configuration assistant floppy and the Solaris 2.6 cdrom installed in the drives on the system. When I turn on the system, it appears to look at the floppy (which is the first bootable device) and gives me the error that the boot drive is not mounted. I initially thought that it was referring to the unformated boot drive but I guess it's referring to the cdrom. (which has the Solaris 2.6 cd in it) I looked on docs.sun.com and sunsolve but I came up empty handed.
My PC expert friend tells me that if there is a Wide SCSI adapter for the boot drive and an IDE cdrom drive, that it will work if I disable the SCSI cdrom drive bios. Something about the Wide SCSI blocks the access to the IDE cdrom. I hope to try that shortly but I have a couple of other sys admin tasks to do first.
I really want to thank you for replying to me during this frustrating exercise.

Linda Waltonm

Answer : No problem... sorry I'm not much help on this. I can tell you that I have Solaris 2.7 for X86 and gave up on it for a similar situation - never could get it to install. I think it's pretty finicky about hardware.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4588384
Asker : cjwarmstrong@...
Subject : computer viruses
Private : No

Question : I have a computer virus of some kind that is basically driving me up the wall. When I turn on my machine, win98 boots up and then a series of the same message of error occurs and these stupid flower icons occur down on my tool bar. When I click on these, I get this spanish message and glod bless this and that and nothing. Any application file that I try to open just gives this error message even when I tried to download an antivirus software. I am a lot a loss for words on what to do.

Sincerly Chris Armstrong

PS If you have heard of the this virus and know who created it, I would be in your deepest debt if you could provide me with a name and address.

Answer : I am not aware of this virus, but your best bet is to get a virus scanner on there to clean it out. You can get a free trial of Norton Anti-Virus here:

http://software.symantec.com/dr/v2/ec_dynamic.main?cat_id=7&pn=16&sid=27674

And here are some free stand-alone removal tools for specific viruses:

http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/tools.list.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4590046
Asker : lbryan@...
Subject : computer terminology
Private : Yes

Question : I am new at teaching computers and want to make sure that I tell my students the correct definition to the words that they have to learn. I have bought several books of my own and in all of these books not a one of them give the definition to boot, reboot, warm boot, cold boot, and the rest of the boots that I am just learning about. Could you e-mail me the definition of these words? If you have a suggestion of a book that is good for computer terminology that might have pictures or directions to it I would greatly appreciate it. I have had little training on teaching computers and my College professors just used turn on your computer and etc. I want to teach my students right and need to learn inorder to do so.
Thank you for your time and consideration in this matter.

Sincerely,
Lachelle Bryan

Answer : A good site for these types of terms is:

http://www.whatis.com

Also typing the word you want and "definition" into http://www.google.com will many times net what you're after. Like this:

warm boot definition

As for the boots you listed:

boot - is a nickname for the computer startup process - a shortened version of "bootstrap" which is essentially what a computer does ("pulls itself up by its bootstraps") since it starts from a completely incapacitated state and brings itself online.

reboot - same as a boot, but it's invoked while the system is up

warm boot - (see reboot)

cold boot - (see boot) - usually in reference to a power on where the system has been off and idle


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4591282
Asker : bellamy@...
Subject : Unix Computer
Private : Yes

Question : Dear Mr.Doherty,
I am purchasing new computers for our start-up business - I've used the old IBM systems (pre-microsoft) and then apple & macs. I'm not familiar with systems or servers I only know turning the thing on and going so I'm probably about 10 years behind the times and I live in the boonies of Arizona. We will need something that can reasonably grow with the future and business and that can handle web business and graphics. My silicon valley friends have all recommended Unix. Okay, so what's that mean? I know it's a server and a system with linex but what computers am I supposed to be looking at for purchase. I saw somewhere that the Mac osx or something had a unix foundation, I know I'm not supposed to search under "PCs" so who the heck sells "Unix" computers? also I've been advised that it's better to lease but if we've got the money right now I'd prefer to buy outright. There's also the problem for service and support here in Northern Arizona (ex. Mac tech folks are very rare or endangered and PCs may have to go to Phoenix or Flagstaff) so basically what "names" am I looking for? Thank you - I'm sure this is more basic than most of your questions but I thought I'd give it a shot. - Rachel Bellamy ie: bellamy@wildapache.net

Answer : "UNIX" is just a generic term that covers a lot of different operating systems. Included would be the traditional full-blown UNIX OSs like Sun Solaris, IBM AIX, and so on. Others are based on UNIX or are knock-offs. Apple's new Mac OS X is based on BSD (a knock-off of UNIX); BeOS is also based on a UNIX; Linux is a copycat of UNIX (and is freely available).

Cost of the OS may or may not be of much concern. Considering you have to support this thing, or pay to have it done, it doesn't pay to get into something you'll have to pay more for support on to save a few bucks. That said, Linux can be useful for small businesses and if you have a Linux-head on the payroll you may do just fine with it. Barring that I'd suggest you go with my personal favorite UNIX, Solaris. Get yourself a Sun server bundled with the Solaris 2.6, 2.7, or 2.8 OS, and get some support budled into that at the price point you can handle. Suns have terrific reliability and have great performance.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4591661
Asker : marioricardo
Subject : shut down
Private : No

Question : When I shut down my computer i get this messege:

error: could not install service vectors.
Press any key to continue...

And, if you let it for 8 to 10 seconds, it shut down automatically.

What to do to fix this?

thx

Answer : Gleaned from a newsgroup posting on the subject:


"The error is a result of the error with EMM386 you are receiving. Follow one of the three possible solution below:

Disable DOS audio Support:
1.Go to Device Manager
2.Expand the Creative Miscellaneous Devices
3.Select Creative SB16 Emulation
4.Click the Properties button
5.In the Creative SB16 Emulation Properties window, place a check mark in Disable in this hardware profile and click OK.
NOTE: It is necessary to disable the SB16 Emulations in Windows, if not, the DOS audio driver (SBEINIT.COM) will load when the system is started.

6.A red "x" will now be next to Creative SB16 Emulation...this is NORMAL.
7.Close Device Manager.
8.Add REM in front of the
C:\PROGRA~1\CREATIVE\SBLIVE\DOSDRV\SBEINIT.COM line in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file.
9.Add REM in front of the C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE line in the CONFIG.SYS file.

The CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT file can be modified with either MSCONFIG, NOTEPAD, SYSEDIT or EDIT.

NOTE: Placing the REM at the beginning of the DOS audio driver line will NOT affect sound support for Windows-based applications and games.

Add an exclusion to the EMM386 Line:

In the event DOS audio support is required, modify the EMM386 command in the CONFIG.SYS file and add M6 I=E000-E3FF to the existing EMM386 line. The line would appear like this once the modification have been made: DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE M6 I=E000-E3FF

Prevent EMS from loading:

In the event the above solution still gives the EMM386 error message, add NOEMS to the EMM386 line. The line would appear like the following example: DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE NOEMS

NOTE: Previous versions of EMM386.EXE required a "/" (forward slash) before NOEMS. It is no longer required."

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Cant you simplify this a bit? atleast a bit clearer.,,

Answer : I don't have an SB Live card and didn't write the steps above - I merely gleaned them and posted them for you to use. they do appear to be fairly straightforward step-by-step instructions. Use notepad or edit to make changes to the files in each step (mostly C:\CONFIG.SYS and C:\AUTOEXEC.BAT it appears).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4597697
Asker : hookha
Subject : DMA enabling
Private : No

Question : hi i recently read somewhere that IF i enable DMA for my CDrom, CDrw and hard drive i will get much better performace out of my system.

i understand that the hardware has to be DMA complient. How do i know if my hardware is compliant or not.

Are there any security issues in enabling DMA. if the CPU is bypassed is the system prone to crashes or does it become more vulnerable to hacks?


Answer : It is true that you will see improved performance. Both of the device you enable it for, and for the system in general (responsiveness to the user).

If you have the devices installed with the correct driver you can tell if they support DMA by right-clicking on My Computer, selecting Properties, opening the Device Manager tab, opening the device type (ex - CDROM), then double-clicking the device itself. There is a checkbox named DMA that will exist and be checkable if the device supports DMA. Do that for each of your CD-ROM, CDRW, and hard disk(s).

There are no issues with enabling DMA if your hardware properly supports it. All DMA does is allow devices to manage their own transfer of data to and from RAM. This just frees up your CPU from those chores, leaving it free to do the things it should be doing, like running apps for you.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4599081
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Root Owner Deleted in NW Admin!
Private : Yes

Question : Because we had to inform corporate of how many seats we were using (in order to be billed for them) I deleted old, unused user acounts in NetWare using NW Admin 5.1.3. Unfortunately, I found out after the fact that our consultants had put all the root ownership under the ID of a consultant at their firm that I'd never spoken with or met in the seven months I've been here - which is why I delted his account, and the accounts of two of their other consultants that do not provide us with assitance. Now, I have only general access to the network, and the consultant is not being terribly responsive.

First, I would like to ask if it is typical for consultants to claim ownership of everything under their own ID, or should they (like every company I've ever worked for) have put all network object ownership under the Admin ID.

Second, I have lost all of my admin rights and am now like any other user, so how am I supposed to fix this? I know I want to set things up under Admin this time around. If I'm logged in as the Admin (the consultant has yet to give me the password), should I be able to assign ownership without any problems?

Thanks,

Natalie

Answer : I would not think it normal for them to grab ownership of the root of the tree, no, but they may have had a reason (though if there was a good reason I'd think something would be breaking about now after having removed that account)?

You should be able to just go in as root and give ownership back to Admin.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Apparently, the consultant set me up with having the same rights as Seth - now that Seth's account is gone (and why did it LET me delete his account if it nullified my access rights?), I can't even change passwords at this point. When I try to view the trustees of the root in NWAdmin, it won't let me even SEE the list of trustees. I just spoke with the consultant, and he (a) didn't give me the Admin password and (b) didn't think that would help. He was going to try to reset something, but he didn't appear confident, and I MUST in the very least, be able to change user passwords by 9am tomorrow morning. :(

HOW would I go in as root to give ownership to someone? Before you think I'm stupid, I'm the entire IT dept for 50+ users, and was hired for my strong PC and software skills - not heavy duty NetWare skills. I can use NWAdmin to set up users in NetWare and GroupWise and change passwords, etc., but I don't go much beyond that in experience. The consultant was supposed to take care of that stuff, but he's not helping much.

Could you please be more specific - would I do this from the server and not from NWAdmin, or is there a way to login as root as if it were a person?

Thanks,

Natalie

Answer : I don't know how to be more specific - login as Admin who has rights to the whole tree and who can wrest ownership from any object in the NDS tree. My days of Netware admin are a few years back and the last version I administered was Netware 4.1 so I don't know if something substantial changed in 5 WRT to this technique. Just login as "Admin" and in NWAdmin right-click the Root object and add Admin as a trustee of it. If that fails then we can try something else.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4603054
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Thought it'd give me a chance to respond again!
Private : Yes

Question : I closed the question but it didn't let me say anything to you.

I guess the consultant didn't have the password to Admin, because that's what I thought one did to fix this. Luckily I am part of a huge global company, and someone with rights to my tree was able to fix things. <sigh of relief>

Everything will be owned by Admin in the future, which will avoid having this happen ever again.

Thanks so much for all of your help - especially the fast response!

Best Regards,

Natalie

Answer : You're welcome, and I'm glad it got worked out!

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4612170
Asker : nshivakumar
Subject : device driver on netware 5.1
Private : No

Question : Hi,

I have been assigned a task of devoloping device driver for scsi on netware 5.1. Iam very new to Netware. Kindly help me. Iam good in C and C++,
is there any tool to develop device driver on netware, or is there a means which i can proceed.
Waiting for your valuable sugestions.

With regards,
Shivakumar N

Answer : I've never written a device driver (for Netware or any other OS). I'd suggest you start here:

http://developer.novell.com/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4633077
Asker : maxx_m
Subject : my computer keeps freezing!
Private : No

Question : I'm a A+ certified computer tech and this one has baffled me so any help is greatly appriciated. A little while ago I decided to reformat my hard drive. I then proceded to install WindowsME which went flawlessly. I did the usual installations, video drivers, sound drivers etc.. everything seemed fine until I tried to play a game. As soon as the game tried to redraw the screen the computer completely froze, the mouse froze, ctrl+alt+del wouldn't working...the only way to unfreeze is to reboot. My video card at the time was a Diamond Viper..I had the latest drivers installed. My motherboard is an ASUS k7m running an Athlon 550. I figured it might be some kind of driver issue because it was upgraded before to ME from win98. So I tried reformatting and installing win98.. but it was still freezing! So I decided I needed a new video card (something I wanted anyway). I then installed a Hercules 3d Prophet II (the dual display one). I installed that video card, and it does exactly the same thing as the other card did. So I reformatted the hard drive again with the new video card in it. It was still having the same problem. Both times I installed all of the motherboard drivers, both from the cd and the asus website. Then I tried reformatting again and installing windows 98 with the new video card, it was still freezing when I try to do anything that uses the video card for multimedia type things(such as games). I've done lots of uninstalling and reinstalling of drivers. I actually got it to work for a little bit when I was uninstalling system drivers (such as those under "system devices" in device manager). But as soon as I rebooted it quit working again. So I tried duplicating that by uninstalling the system devices and reinstalling them, but it wouldn't work again. I then reformatted one more time and installed windows ME fresh again, which is where I am right now, I have not installed ANYTHING except for the motherboard drivers,video drivers, and the modem drivers. It is still freezing when I try to play any video! and now something new has come up, when I try to open Outlook Express it freezes!!!!! I have been racking my brain trying to figure out what is wrong with this setup, there are no device conflicts, as far as I can tell I've installed all the proper motherboard drivers, and the video drivers are the one's that came with the video card. Any assistance in this matter is GREATLY appricated!

Answer : Man, you've run this one through the wringer! With all the clean OS installs (did you ever try playing vide/games *without* having installed the motherboard-specific updates??) you've tried I'm going to really have to point the finger at your motherboard/chipset. Obtain any BIOS updates from the Asus website (if you haven't already). If that doesn't help try putting a PCI video card in and see if the behavior changes (may be your AGP slot or the functions in the chipset that support it).

I hate to say it, but it's these kind of headaches that are why I only buy Intel now. I had a K6-2 300 a few years ago and it was nothing but hassles. It's not the AMD CPUs that are to blame; it's the supporting chipsets that lack polish.

Best of luck!

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4633421
Asker : caprosremus@...
Subject : identical
Private : No

Question : My motherboard it is M559 and in the manual there is no specification about of use of DIMM PC100(64Mb)

VXPRO II

The VXPRO II is completely different then the VXPro/VXPro+ chipset. It's a relabeled Hintcorp UT801X chipset.
The VX PRO II does not support UDMA or ACPI.
Used in M558, M559, M591 & M592
Uses AMI BIOS
M559 BIOS Number: 51-1213-001437-00111111-071595-UT801X-001_10_UTRON-F
Differences between M558 & M559: M559 has onboard sound + DIMMs (558 has only SIMMs)
Note that the M558 is also being sold under the following names: Eurone EM-5558. THESE BOARDS ARE IDENTICAL TO THE PCCHIPS M558
Note that the M559 is also being sold under the following names: Eurone EM-5559. THESE BOARDS ARE IDENTICAL TO THE PCCHIPS M559

Thank you very much

Answer : Try this utility to get info on the DIMMs installed:

ftp://ftp.netlab.ru/pub/DRIVERS/DIMM/dimm_id.exe

That motherboard is using a chipset of which I've never heard. But being a PC motherboard with DIMM slots I'd say it should work fine if the DIMM is a normal one. If you know the DIMM is right for the motherboard you can try it in another person' machine temporarily to see if it's bad or not, and if it works there you should contact your motherboard maker for support on why it doesn't in yours.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4637192
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : I need help fast
Private : No

Question : I am not real good at computers so I didnt know where to post this. I have the program Napster and evertime I download a song or file even if its not completed it gets sent to my c: drive. The file I want to get rid of is called a wma file I dont know what it is but what is on the file is going to get me in lots of trouble. Everytime I try to delete it it says cannot delete accsess denied please check if file is locked, so what do I do is there any way at all to get rid of it. I do know a bit more about computers than my parents but if they ever go exploring on my computer and go into the c: drive I will be caught I hope to get this done by today before my dad comes home to use the computer. Please hurry, Thank you.

Answer : You can't delete it very likely because an application (Napster?) has it open for writing. Try closing all your programs down and deleting it, or perhaps rebooting and then deleting it.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4639542
Asker : JEFF49
Subject : The KAK virus
Private : No

Question : Hi my computer currently has the KAK virus. Its in my autoexec.bat files. I was wondering if there is away to get rid of this without using an antivirus program or do you have to use one. Also how can you get the KAK virus? Thanks a bunch!!!

Answer : There are free removal tools on this site for Kakworm and Kakworm.B:

http://www.sarc.com/avcenter/tools.list.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4698806
Asker : webkido
Subject : windows 2000 domain setup
Private : No

Question : Paul,
I have a quick question. When setting up a windows 2000 domain (in win2k server) do I need a primary domain controller and a member server or will I be able to controll all functions (dns, etc.) from just the primary domain controller? My network has less than 12 computers and I dont' want to give up two computers if one can do the job.
Thanks,
Webkido

Answer : I believe all you'll need is the PDC (assuming those services (DNS< etc) will be available).


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 4732902
Asker : Rico
Subject : Hidden Files on my PC
Private : No

Question : Recently I got a virus on my computer.
After I've quarantined them, some of my files seem to have become hidden. I've tried selecting them all and clicking on properties and un-clicking the hidden tag. It doesnt work
And it's a major bummer for my mp3s
Please help me


Regards,
Rico

Answer : Open a DOS prompt (Start/Programs/MS-DOS Prompt - sometimes under Start/Programs/Accessories in the case of ME or Win2K) and type these commands:

c:
cd \
attrib -r -h -s *.* /s

That will remove the hidden attribute for every file on your hard disk. If they become hidden again you are likely still infected.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Forgot to mention this they all seem to be system files too?
Is there a similar thing to system files?

Answer : The command I gave you will remove the system bit as well ('-s').

Just run that and you should see everything.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4782664
Asker : peprpatti
Subject : Unable to Install
Private : Yes

Question : Hi Mr. Doherty,
I sure hope you have an answer for us. We are at our wits ends.
My son has been building computers for us and for others for the past 4 years, but has hit on a problem on his own PC that he cannot, even with the help of "experts", solve.
He built this PC just under a year ago. I bought him a 30 gig Western Digital hard drive which had a defective plug. When it crashed, he sent it in to Western Digital for a replacement. The replacement arrived and he began putting his PC back together. He is unable to INSTALL anything, including Windows95. He thought perhaps the Win95 CD was defective somehow, but nothing else will install. It begins the install and then just freezes up the whole PC. He ran a diagnostic on the hard drive and it is fine.
Do you have any suggestions? We would be very grateful for your help in getting him back up and running.
You can send you response to me, since the PC he built for me is running fine, at peprpatti@aol.com.

Thank you, in advance,
Patti and Bryan

Need More Information : So can he not install the OS itself? The drive is empty (other than the format info)?

Ask him to boot off a floppy and try these commands and tell me if it works:

c:
dir
copy con testfile.txt
This is a test
^Z
dir

Where the "^Z" is he should press CTRL-Z and hit ENTER.

In the last dir command he should now see a new file that exists called testfile.txt. If it exists have him type:

type testfile.txt

and the contents should appear on the screen. If all that works the hard disk is work on at least some level. get back to me with these results.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Mr. Doherty,

Thank you for responding, however, my son was getting really stressed over this whole situation, since this was a replacement drive from Western Digital. After much addo, he figured out that Western Digital replaced his defective hard drive with another defective hard drive. We do appreciate your time and effort on his behalf.

Thank you again,
Patti aka peprpatti@aol.com

Answer : You're welcome. Best of luck with the new drive.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4891852
Asker : classicgto1
Subject : resource meter
Private : No

Question : I have win98 and one of the applets in the system tools is resource meter which shows system%, user% and GDI%. What is this? I've gone into pcwebopedia, whatis.com and techencyclopedia and there is no description of this.
Do you have an answer to this?
Thanks, Jim
classicgto1@juno.com

Answer : The Resource Meter shows you the status of Windows' finite memory heaps/stacks. These are the size-limited pools of memory that all apps in Windows draw from, and that no matter how much RAM you add, do not grow any larger. So even though you may have 1 Gig of RAM you will usually be stopped in adding new processes by these pools being depleted, rather than from running out of RAM.

GDI (Graphic Device Interface) - This is memory used for drawing the windowing elements on the screen.

System and User resources are stacks used by Windows to manage user-launched and system housekeeping tasks.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4895869
Asker : angkor007
Subject : Windows error
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul-

This morning when I turned on my computer, at the DOS boot screen it asked me if I want to ignore, except, or quit to the changes of the setting(what setting?). When I chose ingore, didn't do anthing. Chose except the changes and now I got win.com is missing unable to load windowns message. How can I fix this w/o reinstalling windows? and what might have caused it? The computer was running Windows 95. Thanks in advance for your help !!

Sihara

Answer : If your c:\windows\win.com still exists and your drive passes a scandisk ok then I'd try restoring a backed-up registry.

OK - Make a boot floppy as follows:

(from a DOS prompt)

(put a blank floppy in the drive)

format a:

c:
cd \
sys a:
copy windows\himem.sys a:\
copy windows\smartdrv.exe a:\
copy windows\command\mscdex.exe a:\
copy windows\command\xcopy*.exe a:\
copy windows\command\format.com a:\
copy windows\command\edit.com a:\
copy windows\command\sys.com a:\

Download the following file to A:\

http://members.home.com/iqueue/idecd.sys


Now create a config.sys as follows:

edit a:\config.sys

The config.sys needs the following in it:
device=\himem.sys
device=\idecd.sys /d:cdrom001

Save the config.sys

Now edit A:\AUTOEXEC.BAT and put the following in it:

@echo off
\mscdex.exe /d:cdrom001 /l:f
\smartdrv /n c+ f 4096 4096

Save the file and exit.

Now test the disk and ensure it boots and brings the CD-ROM drive up successfully.


Now boot from the boot disk and then:

path=a:\;c:\windows\command
C:
cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
ren system.dat system.bak
ren system.dat system.bak
ren system.ini sysini.bak
ren win.ini winini.bak
cd sysbckup
dir *.cab
(look for the newest file listed - that is the most recent date of creation
- we'll assume the newest file was named RB001.CAB)
extract /e rb001.cab
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
move system.dat ..
move system.ini ..
move user.dat ..
move win.ini ..

What we have done here is to take advantage of the fact that Windows 98/SE
takes periodic backups of the registry. We have taken the latest version of
those backups and reinstated that backed-up version.

Reboot the machine and see if the sitation has improved. If it hasn't you
can repeat this process with successively older versions of the registry
backups. If you decide that you are not getting anywhere and the problem
lies elsewhere you can put the original versions you had back in place with
this:

path=a:\;c:\windows\command
C:
cd \windows
attrib -r -h -s *.dat
copy /y system.bak system.dat
copy /y user.bak user.dat
copy /y sysini.bak system.ini
copy /y winini.bak win.ini

If these steps don't help you your problem may be file-related - meaning you
may have the wrong version of a critical file, or there has been corruption
of a critical file. Try holding the CTRL key during a boot and when the
menu appears choose a 'Logged' boot. After the boot is completed you can
examine the bootlog.txt file for some more clues as to what you are facing.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5003595
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : was wondering
Private : Yes

Question : Hi,
I had a general question about operating systems.

How do I evalute operating systems for an information systems environment. What festures must I look for? What are the qualitative and quantitative features?
Thanks.

Answer : Things to look for:

Features - does the OS support things you'll need? Are the apps you want to run available for this OS?

Stability - Will the OS run for long periods? Is it prone to having applications that crash bring it down?

Performance - Is this OS fast? Does it support performance-enhancing features like multithreading and pre-emptive multitasking?

Environment - Is this OS user-friendly? Does it have syntactical and GUI interfaces?

Once you answer those questions a winner should reveal itself.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities




----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5037153
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : boot sectors
Private : No

Question : I have a pc with 2 harddrives
c:\ has windows ME
d:\ has Linux 7.2 (mandrake)
I installed the bootloader grub
but I want now to restore the
boot sector and re-install linux
without the bootloader (I'll boot
from the floppy)

How do I restore the bootsector on
the C:\ drive without re-formatting the entire drive and blowing away all of my windows and data on the c drive.

Thanks.

Answer : Boot up in Windows mode (but press and hold the CTRL key after the grub menu) and select Command Prompt Only from the menu. Then do this:

fdisk /mbr

and reboot. No more grub menu. (Make sure your Linux floppy works before doing this)


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5542012
Asker : doposr
Subject : how do I unistall red hat from hard drive
Private : No

Question : I installed red hat on a single drive and after installation when the system went to boot it would not boot because it says I have a boot virus on my drive.I would like to uninstall the system now but when I go to red hat site I get a lot of garbage.Is there a simple way I can recover my hard drive? I cannot use fdisk as there is no partition there.Please someone help.
doposr@aol.com

Answer : Here's the easiest way to remove Linux from your disk:

Get delpart - put this on a boot floppy or in C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND

1) Run delpart and erase the Linux partitions. Be careful here!

2) Boot from the boot floppy and execute:

fdisk /mbr

Done - partitions gone and so is the bootloader.


--
Paul Doherty, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, CCSA, CCSE
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



Rating : 5
End :


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QAId : 5542022
Asker : Hussein39
Subject : Looking up an IP address using the DNS protocol
Private : No

Question : How do you look up an Ip address using the DNS protocol?

Answer : If you're running 95/98 you can do this:

ping hostname

and in the ping you will see the IP address that relates to that hostname.


If you're running NT/2K you can do the ping from above and also:

nslookup hostname


--
Paul Doherty, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, CCSA, CCSE
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5686667
Asker : cindy_lens
Subject : Redhat 7.1 mouse
Private : No

Question : Hi

I would like to configure the mouse on Redhat 7.1. My mouse has two buttons and a wheel. Is it possible to configure the wheel as a button so that the mouse can now function as a 3-button mouse? I've never configured a mouse in Red Hat before.

Thanks, Cindy

Answer : You likely already have third-button-functionality. Try this test. Open two terminal windows inside X-Windows (type startx to enter Windows if you're not logging in graphically). WIth the two terminal windows openn type some text or do an 'ls'. Now drag across some of the text in that window to highlight it, and go to the other window, left-click it once and then middle-click the wheel. If your mouse is configured properly this will act as a paste from clipboard.

If it doesn't work then you are not configured - you will either need to edit /etc/X11/XF86Config and be sure that the items ChordMiddle and Emulate 3rd button (not sure how it appears - search for it in the mouse section where you find ChordMiddle). Be sure both of those lines are commented out (# in the first column) and restart the X Server or reboot.

Finally if you can't get the editing done you can run 'xf86config' or 'Xconfigurator' but I don't really recommend changing it this way as you may inadvertantly change a video setting too. Make backups of the files before changing them too.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Answer : Also see this web page for further assiatnce on adjusting the mouse - there may be a GUI way to change the setting without having to manually edit the XF86Config file:

http://www.redhat.com/support/manuals/RHL-7.1-Manual/install
-guide/s1-guimode-sel-mouse.html

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5703606
Asker : cindy_lens
Subject : search and replace
Private : No

Question : Hi

On the website running Apache on Solaris, there is a link change. It was http://www.amazon.com. Now, the link is changed to http://www.bn.com. This link affects more than 150 web pages. My boss is asking me to write a script to search through all the web pages and automatically do a search and replace of all these links from http://www.amazon.com to http://www.bn.com

I am relatively new to perl and I'm trying to figure out how to write a perl script to do this. In the mean time, my boss is pressuring me to get this done quickly. Is there a tool or program to do this.

Thank you , Cindy

Answer : No need for perl here - a regular shell script should do nicely. Here is one I whipped up for you:

#!/usr/bin/ksh

find ./*.html | while read file
do
cat $file | sed 's/http:\/\/www.one.com/http:\/\/www.three.com/' > /tmp/tmpout
cp /tmp/tmpout $file
done

Put that in a file (call it switch.ksh) and then running this series of commands should process all .html files from that directory down and replace all occurrences of "http://www.amazon.com" to "http://www.bn.com":

chmod 700 switch
(next line is an optional command to backup all files before modifying in case of a problem)
tar -cvpf ../backup.tar ./*
./switch


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Hi Paul

It works, but only in the current directory. There are many sub directories. Is there a way to make the find command to search for all directories?

Thank you, Cindy

FUQuestion : I figured out by entering "find . *.html"

Thank you very much
Cindy
Rating : 5

Answer : You're welcome!

Paul


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5711324
Asker : dmctighe
Subject : recycle bin
Private : No

Question : This is probably a stupid question, but I could not find any answers anywhere else. When I delete a file from my local workstation that is stored on our Server(running Win 2000 Server) it does not go to my recycle bin or the server's recycle bin, so where does it go?? Or is it gone forever?? I have really not ever thought about it till the other day when I accidentally deleted a file and checked my computer and the server and it was not there. I intentially deleted a couple more file from my computer that were stored on our server and the same thing happened. Is there a way to allow the file to go to one bin or the other.

Thanks
Derek

Answer : I've noticed this before too. I think the file is just removed and is not recoverable through normal channels.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS and Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6004739
Asker : Deanna6204
Subject : computers/sounds
Private : No

Question : HELP ME IM FUSTERATED Pleaseeeeeeeeeeee

a few weeks ago my sound disappeared on my computer i didnt think much of it but now its irritating me..... i can put a music cd in and hear music but i dont hear any sounds like music in web pages or the aol sounds like when someone signs on or off or any of the messanger sounds nothing help me what is wrong here?

Answer : Try double-clicking the speaker icon at the bottom-right of your screen (or use the Sounds control panel). This will bring up a series of sliders that control individual sources of audio. Check the one titled "Wave" as that is the one that generates sound effects and voices in programs. Ensure that the slider is up at least as high as the "CD Ausio" slider is, and that the "Mute" button at the bottom is not checked.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Thank you Paul, there is just one little problem though, my speaker/control panel thing for that is gone i dont know if i accidently deleted it or what but its gone.....i know what you are talking about and have tried to find that little bugger but i cant seem to locate it i think i deleted it by accident is there anyway to get that thing back ?

Answer : As I mentioned above you can get to it one of two ways:

The speaker icon (which is missing)

Start/Settings/Control Panel/Sounds

Inside the Sounds control panel you can also re-enable the speaker icon on the desktop.

Give that a shot...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : :-( im doing all that and it wont work...i get a list of sounds for all the programs i got but nothing to enable the icon or to make the sound work omg my head is about to explode

Answer : Oh, I am so sorry! I was doing that all from memory. The speaker icon in the systray can be enabled from the "Multimedia" control panel; checkbox on the Audio tab at the bottom. *Then* you can double-click the speaker and do what I first described.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : paul its not there can u just come over lol.... i went there and there is no speaker thing and the box i would check to display volume control panel is shaded out so i cant even click that im stressed paul this is just to much u are soo nice to keep helping me thanx is there anything else i can do?

Answer : I live to serve... :-)

OK if that's shaded so you can't select it you probably have:

1) A conflict with the sound device.

2) A corrupted/misplaced/improperly-installed driver.

To test for #1 open the System control panel and go to the Device Manager. At the top double-click the "Computer" object and ensure that none of the "Interrupt request" settings conflict (usually marked by a yellow or red icon). After checking there select Cancel and also check the main list ("View Devices by type") for any flagged items (red/yellow icons). If none of those exist that's a good thing. Note the type of sound card you have by opening the "Sound, video and game controllers" item in the list and writing down the names you see listed.

Get the latest driver for your sound card here:

http://www.windrivers.com/alpha/sound.htm
(Click the manufacturer to find the driver for your card)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



FUQuestion : ok i have followed your instructions so this is what i have under the sound,video,game controller thing
gamport joystick\
wave device for voice modem
yamaha OPL3-sax wdm driver

i went to the page u sent and found the yamaha driver page, then i need to click on ???? and when it ask to save to a disc or run what do i pick?

FUQuestion : pssss.........also, when i go to my start and to programs some of the little thingys are black why is that that just happend today when i was plugging in my fax and just barely moved the power supply plug and it turned the computer off and when i turned it back on the things were black and also 3 of them on the tool bar were black too i tried rebooting again and they are stil black im a mess :-(

Answer : Man you are having some streak of luck here! I would consider backing up your critical documents (you always store anything of value that you create in C:\My Documents" (accessible from the "My Documents" folder on your desktop). Then do a reinstall over the top of this install which will usually straighted these types of things out. This also has the benefit of leaving all your installed apps intact. To install just dig out your 95/98/ME CD (whichever you're using) and pop it in while Windows is running - if it doesn't autorun and start the install then open the CD from My Computer and start the SETUP.EXE under the WIN98 directory.

If after doing this install things are still hosed the backup will come in handy since you'll want to level the install and start clean.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : lol i know its getting worse, i am thinking of buying a dell computer what do you think of them? can you give me any suggestions on that ?

FUQuestion : ps....... windows ect... i heard the millinium windows is crap and the first 98 windows it too so what am i to do


i dont have the windows 98 for this which i had installed by comp usa wont go back there cuz this is where all my problems began.... so just figured it would be easier to buy a new pc i have upgraded everything just has new monitor key board printer just need the new pc now


and also, do you know anything about scanners?

Answer : Dell are nice machines indeed. One of the few pre-builts that I would consider for myself. Stay away from the Pentium 4 - get the fastest P3 with the hardware you want.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Paul, i went to dell.com and selected a pc but i want to see what u think since u seem soo knowledgable.... can u do a one on one with me if you cant i understand if you can , i have aol AIM, yahoo messenger, msn messenger and icq let me know k.. i want to make sure i am getting the right computer before i invest yet again.......thanx deanna

Answer : You can find me on Yahoo as pdoherty972

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : ok thanx mine is either deanna6204 or deannainlasvegas im mainly on the deanna6204....... thanx

Answer : You're welcome...

Paul
Rating : 5


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QAId : 6004759
Asker : abbasisat
Subject : SOLARIS - PROTOCOL
Private : No

Question : IF I WOULD LIKE TO CONNECT TO SOLARIS MACHINES FROM WIN 2000 MACHINE WHAT SERVICE/PROTOCOL DO I NEED TO INSTALL OR CONFIGURE ..I AM USING WIN 2K ADVANCED SERVER AND HAVE GATEWAY SERVICE FOR NOVELL NETWARE INSTALLED ON IT.

Answer : You will need to get an NFS gateway like Maestro, or MS's Services for UNIX. UNIX machines shares parts of their filesystems through NFS (Network File System) much like Windows boxes use shares for the same purpose. Windows doesn't speak NFS natively and so you must get an add-on product to access these resources. Here are some links:

http://www.hummingbird.com/products/nc/nfs/index.html

http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/sfu/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6029414
Asker : kelvintoo
Subject : microsoft
Private : Yes

Question : What do you think the microsoft will focus on next few years ahead in it's product on networking & internet related tecknology. Can you suggest me that i should pay more attention on which product in order to equip myself with the skills ahead of time. Thanks....

Answer : Microsoft's new .NET seems to be the way they're going:

http://www.microsoft.com/net/


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6060739
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : memory
Private : No

Question : Hello,

OS: WIN98SE



I use this site a lot called http://www.pcpitstop.com./ to fine tune my system, and I find it very useful.
I have one problem, after my last checkup I was told I had this memory problem, and I would have fix it manualy.
This is what it told me:

This system may encounter a Windows bug that causes spurious and incorrect "Not enough memory available to run this program" messages to appear, even though it has 512MB of memory installed.

Solutions

Manual Fix

To solve this problem, follow the instructions further down the page to open SYSTEM.INI in a plain text editor such as Notepad, then add the following lines to the bottom of the SYSTEM.INI file:

[vcache]
MaxFileCache=262144

For more information, see Microsoft support article Q253912 for a discussion of the problem. Note that our recommendations are slightly different than those in the article, and are based on our experience in solving this bug.

How to edit SYSTEM.INI:

Locate the SYSTEM.INI file in the Windows directory, typically C:\WINDOWS on most systems.
Create a backup copy before making any changes!!
To edit the file click Start | Run and type notepad c:\windows\system.ini to open Notepad.
Make the required changes (above), then click File | Save to save the file.
If you need more help on how to edit files, post a message in the User-to-User section of our support BBS.

Note: MinFileCache and MaxFileCache settings are often created by third-party memory management utilities. We have found that most of these utilities do not improve performance and can sometimes cause stability problems, so we advise you not to use any of them.

Can you tell me how to fix this problem in very simple or easy terms?




Thank You,


L. H.

Answer : Sure just do what they mentioned (although I would use different values which I'll show below).

Start/Run

(type in the line below and hit enter)
notepad C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM.INI

In the file press ALT-S to activate the menu and select Find. Look for the text [vcache] (yes, with the brackets) - if you find it it will be the beginning of a section in the file. Add the following two lines below (or if you didn't find [vcache] add the section at the end of the file):

[vcache]
MinFileCache=4096
MaxFileCache=32768

Now save and exit Notepad and reboot and the change is complete. This will make Windows use no smaller than 4 MB of RAM for caching, and no more than 32 MB.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6098061
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Red Hat Linux
Private : No

Question : Hi,

I have just installed Red Hat Linux 7 on my second hard drive. Althouth when I boot to Linux it doesn't altomatically go to X, I have to type in "startx". Can you possibly tell me how to :
1. make it go straight into Xwindows GUI
2. How to logout in the command line interface, I did it once with the shutdown command, but cannot replicate this task. I must have been in as root or something.....Is there a standard way to logout of using the shutdown command. And do I have to in a certain directory to do it.

Thanks
Regards
Rob


Answer : Sure...

If you are sure your X-Windows is working fine (after a 'startx' it enters the windowing environment without issue) you can do the following to make the system enter the windowed login at boot:

vi /etc/inittab

(look for a line in the first 10 or 15 lines that looks like the line below)

id:3:initdefault:

Change the 3 to a 5 and save/exit. Next time you boot you should see the login screen. If for some reason it fails boot into single-user mode and change it back.

At the command line to logout you can press:

CTRL-D (appears as ^D)

or type exit

If you want to reboot or shutdown you can do that with these (as root):

reboot:
shutdown now -r

halt:
shutdown now -h

No special directory is needed.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6151164
Asker : rbugo
Subject : Root Access
Private : No

Question : I'm having a problem logging on as ROOt. It works with my user account, and when I switch user in the terminal window. My password is correct, but when I try to logon it just gives me a blue blank screen. When I left click a green menu appears. But nothing on the menu seems to og me in. I am using Red Hat 7. Any suggestions.?

Thanks
Rob

Answer : I'm not sure what you're seeing, but one way to clear things up may be to wipe out root's files that determine his desktop.

Login as your user ID, open a terminal and perform an:

su -

to become root. Then do this:

cd /root
ls -al

Now do a "rm -Rf" on all directories that are associated with your window managers like .kde .gnome* etc...

When root logs in again his desktop information will be generated anew like any other user logging in for the first time.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6154996
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : sound
Private : Yes

Question : I have recently installed Windows 2000 on my Dell computer and the sound is not working anymore. Before, I was using Napster and Limewire and playing songs and it was working fine; but now, I have checked all the volume controls and they are all turned on and the speakers are working but yet still no sound. I was wondering if it could be that the settings are not right with the new windows, or i need a soundcard that is compatible with this windows or whether it is a problem brought about my a Cd burner i had installed (which is also not working yet).
I would very much appreciate your help with this.

Need More Information : What soundcard do you have? Has it ever worked under 2000? if not you may need to get the latest Windows 2000 drivers for your card - check here:

http://www.windrivers.com/alpha/sound.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : The sound card has never worked with windows 2000. but thanks for the web address.

Answer : Well then you'll need to go to the address and get the drivers for your sound card. If you need help finding them ask me a followup to this question.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6192076
Asker : Lagunafssn
Subject : Need a filer tranferer
Private : No

Question : Hi:
I need to run a .sea file on my Windows computer, How can I do that??


Answer : You'll need an archive program to handle it - that is a compressed file, simialr to .zip extensions on PCs.

StuffIt Expander for Windows can deal with those files:

http://www.aladdinsys.com/stuffitwin/index.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 6192109
Asker : RJLee
Subject : operating systems
Private : No

Question : I have a computer with Windows 98 and Windows 95 on it. I was using PowerQuest BootMagic to switch between O/S's. I then disabled BootMagic and installed Linux which has its own disk management utility. The installation went fine but I only had Linux and Windows 98 on the boot menu. So I went in and added Windows 95 to the menu. The problem is that when I click on Windows 95 I get the splash screen for 95 so you think your booting into 95 but then it actually starts up Windows 98. I don't understand what is happening and if anyone could please explain it I would really appreciate it. Thanks

Answer : Windows 95 and 98 both use identical boot structures. BootMagic was keeping separate copies of these OS files and switching them into place when you chose from its menu. Whichever you ran last still has its files in place (98, I expect since that is the one you're getting) so unless you can find the files BootMagic was using and devise your own way to switch them at boot-time (doubtful since 95 and 98 have never been able to co-exist without something like BootMagic) you will have to decide which you want to run and leave it at that. Windows 95/98 can dual-boot with Windows 2000 but not with each other.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6306206
Asker : Citt
Subject : Simple PDA question
Private : No

Question : Is there a difference between pocket pc & palm as far as productivity for someone who works in computers? Is either one generally more productive than the other? Thanks.

Answer : I've owned Pilots (now called Palms) since the day they came out (in 96 I believe) so I may not be the most unbiased source out there. In my opinion the Palms offer much more in terms of:

battery life - two AAA batteries lasted 2-4 months of normal use on my monochrome units

speed - the unit is instant-on, no booting, and all apps are instantly available

effiency - 2 MB is very usable; 8 is crazy - I have 5 years of data plus dozens of extra applications and images on my 8MB IIIc and I still have over 2 MB of memory free

available applications - there are literally thousands of applications for this platform - try perusing some at http://www.palmgear.com

I think the Windows units are too bulky and need too much RAM to be useful.

I think what it all boils down to is that you need to decide whether you want an organizer that can also do many other things (play games, run third-party apps, etc) or whether you want a scaled-down PC which is pretty much what the Windows units are. They have more storage space (and can use small hard disks for lots of storage), have faster CPUs (though their interface and loading is still far slower), can play MP3s and movie clips, and still do most of the things an organizer should do. But in the end the spit and polish award still goes to the Pilot/Palm for doing so many things in such an elegant fashion.

Let me know what you decide...

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6344542
Asker : Detective
Subject : Start up problems
Private : No

Question : 1. I can't seem to get rid of the window which asks for a Username and Password Windows log on. I have tried logging in with a username/password but it doesn't want to maintain it for the next time I restart the computer.

2. There is also a MS-DOS Prompt Window that opens at start-up. It has the following message: "Specified COMMAND Search Directory Bad".

I am using Windows 98 and do not have a copy of the program disk.

Thanks!

Answer : The login is a function of the "Primary Network Logon" which is found on the first panel of the Network control panel. Try changing it from it's current setting.

The DOS prompt is opening because you have an MS-DOS prompt or app that needs MS-DOS in your startup somewhere. Check Start/Programs/Startup and see if you can spot which one is doing it and then delete it.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6432188
Asker : chson
Subject : WindowsNT help..
Private : No

Question : I just got a PC that has WinNT 4.0. I want to delete it and install 98 SE but everytime I boot up it goes directly into the login screen. I don't have any passwords for this or the bios.

I tried to boot up through the 98 CD but it didn't do anything.

Answer : OK - Make a boot floppy as follows:

Start/Programs/MS-DOS Prompt

(put a blank floppy in the drive)

format a:

c:
cd \
sys a:
copy windows\himem.sys a:\
copy windows\smartdrv.exe a:\
copy windows\command\mscdex.exe a:\
copy windows\command\xcopy*.* a:\
copy windows\command\format.com a:\
copy windows\command\edit.com a:\
copy windows\command\sys.com a:\

Download the following file to A:\

http://members.home.com/iqueue/idecd.sys


Now create a config.sys as follows:

edit a:\config.sys

The config.sys needs the following in it:
device=\himem.sys
device=\idecd.sys /d:cdrom001

Save the config.sys

Now edit A:\AUTOEXEC.BAT and put the following in it:

@echo off
\mscdex.exe /d:cdrom001 /l:f
\smartdrv /n c+ f 4096 4096

Save the file and exit.

Now you will have a bootable disk that will bring up your CD-ROM as drive letter F: - the best thing to do at this point in your reinstall is NOT to launch the install, but rather ensure you have XCOPY.EXE and XCOPY32.EXE on the floppy or in the C:\ directory and do an xcopy of all the files in the Win98 subdirectory off the CD to your hard disk and perform the installation from *there*. Why? A couple of reasons - one is the installation goes faster from the hard disk, but that's a minor reason. The primary reason is that after installation you will no longer be bothered by that annoying 'please insert your Windows 98 CD' when upgrading drivers, installing new versions of DirectX, etc, since all the source files for the OS are on your disk. The XCOPY command looks as follows:

(boot from floppy and format the hard drive

a:
format c:
sys c:

if necessary - be sure you have a backup first of whatever you want to keep!)

xcopy f:\win98\*.* c:\win98kit\*.* /e

Now boot off the hard disk and do:

cd \win98kit
echo y | lock c: /off
setup


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6433824
Asker : chson
Subject : WTF?
Private : No

Question : I switched jumpers to reset my CMOS, turned on the computer, and saw nothing on the monitor. So then I switched the jumpers back, and there's still nothing on the monitor. Everything was operational until I moved the jumpers around. I put everything back to where it precisely should be and nothing's coming up.

One strange thing that's happening now is that you can't turn off the computer unless you remove the power plug. This wasn't the case before. The button isn't broken either.

Answer : I'm not sure what jumper you moved, but if it's the real CMOS clear jumper then it obviously shouldn't have caused this problem. You may have shorted something or loosened a card while working in the case. Unplug the system and reseat everything (cards, RAM).

If the power switch is behaving differently that could be due to successfully clearing the CMOS memory. It may have reverted back to the default behavior for an ATX power supply, which is to power off *only* if the power button is held for several seconds. Try holding the power button in while the power is on for several seconds and see if it powers down.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6503722
Asker : jnunojr
Subject : DNS ERROR
Private : No

Question : Hello,
I am having a problem with reaching web pages using internet explorer 5.0. The error message I get is The page cannot be displayed: cannot find server or DNS error. I receive this message when I try surfing using my AOL 6.0 or my cable modem using internet explorer. Is my internet explorer corrupt?
Computer specs:
Compaq 5441, 320 MB RAM, 240MB free on c drive, AMD-K6 466 MHZ processor, Windows 98 SE

What I have tried: I removed and reinstalled my Ethernet card, I removed TCP\IP that is bounded to my Ethernet card and reinstalled it, I replaced my Wsock32.DLL file, I have used the internet explorer repair tool, I have reinstalled internet explorer without uninstalling the previous installation.

I would appreciate any help. Thanks

Answer : The problem may simply be the DNS server you're using. Try rearranging your DNS servers to see if the primary one was perhaps not responding to queries due to being heavily loaded. Also contact your ISP about the problem and see if they alternate DNS server IP addresses you can use in its place.

To confirm DNS is working, the next time you fail to open a web page, open a DOS prompt and type:

ping www.wherever.com

and ensure that ping returns with an IP address for that hostname. If it doesn't IE is not your problem, as without that resolution IE can't do it's work.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6599112
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Control panel modules...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

can you please tell me why I am unable to locate
some of the control panel mdules that come with
windows 98se, for example "add new hardware.cpl,
keyboard.cpl and sounds.cpl"?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : I suspected that Windows doubles up on a few of them, and it turns out that this is indeed the case:

File name Purpose
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access.cpl Accessibility properties
Appwiz.cpl Add/Remove Programs properties
Desk.cpl Display properties
FindFast.cpl FindFast (included with Microsoft Office for Windows 95)
Inetcpl.cpl Internet properties
Intl.cpl Regional Settings properties
Joy.cpl Joystick properties
Main.cpl Mouse, Fonts, Keyboard, and Printers properties
Mlcfg32.cpl Microsoft Exchange or Windows Messaging properties
Mmsys.cpl Multimedia properties
Modem.cpl Modem properties
Netcpl.cpl Network properties
Odbccp32.cpl Data Sources (32-bit ODBC, included w/ Microsoft Office)
Password.cpl Password properties
Sticpl.cpl Scanners and Cameras properties
Sysdm.cpl System properties and Add New Hardware wizard
Themes.cpl Desktop Themes
TimeDate.cpl Date/Time properties
Wgpocpl.cpl Microsoft Mail Post Office

Note that in Windows 98, the Desk.cpl file is named Deskw95.cpl in the
compressed cabinet (.cab) file. The file is renamed to Desk.cpl in the
Windows\System folder.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 6603856
Asker : kkemper
Subject : the windows file inetd.exe
Private : No

Question : i had some trojans in my os.

[win 98] and finally got rid of them.
I had to delete inetd.exe to do so

I can't figure out how to go to
my other HD's OS and extract this file
and REPLACE it.

what does INETD.exe do?

I am reminded of its absense every
day I start up the system.


Answer : inetd.exe is not a part of Windows 98 - it is part of CygWin (UNIX tools on Windows) and does not need to be replaced. The virus must have just put it there. Now that the virus removal software has deleted inetd.exe Windows is still trying to load it.

You can find it in one of several places and remove it:

c:\autoexec.bat
c:\windows\win.ini or system.ini
Start/Programs/Startup

most likely place is in the registry - run REGEDIT.EXE and look here for it:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Run and RunServices

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities
Rating : 4

Answer : Run regedit and click the "My Computer" at the top-left, then press CTRL-F and type in inetd.exe to search the whole registry. Make note of the places you find it, pressing F3 to go to the next occurrence.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6609864
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : windows xp
Private : No

Question : hi,

I like to ask does Windows XP Professional come out yet ?
Microsoft said it final release is on Oct. 25, but how come my friend have it already ?

thanks

Answer : It's due out in late October. Your friend may have registered as a beta-tester for about 10 bucks on Microsoft's web site and gotten it that way. Or he may have gotten hold of a copy of the "gold" release (finished version that goes to OEMs).

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 6907123
Asker : barhoooooom
Subject : os x on pc
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I just want to know if it is possible to run mac OSX on the normal PC with processors like P4.
thank you.

Answer : Apple has a version of OS X called "Darwin" that will run on PCs. It is unlikely to include their GUI, Aqua, however, so the usefulness is quite limited. You'd be better off using a Linux distribution since OS X's underpinnings are mostly BSD anyway.

http://www.opensource.apple.com/projects/darwin/

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6940845
Asker : marioricardo
Subject : illegal operation
Private : No

Question : What causes the window "Illegal Opersation has occured..."? Why does it happen? Also, what is this binary thing that I hear about computers? Is it their language?

Answer : "Illegal operations" are usually when one app writes to memory that doesn't belong to it. If you click the Details button you may find a clue about which component was affected and you can uninstall the offending application. See here for more details and ask a followup if you need to show me your error.

http://www.jammag.com/computers/windowserrors/windowerror.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 6958716
Asker : soundmind
Subject : SOS!!! Windows upgrade
Private : No

Question : Dear Paul,

I need some help in finishing my computer upgrade ASAP.

I have formatted a hard drive before but that was almost two years ago and it was also Win 95.

Now, I have formatted my C drive. Before I started, I opened the machine and took out the Ethernet card and sound card. Just so that the modem will find it's place nicely. Later on, I realized that I forgot to take out the CDRW, so that's still in there.

Anyway, here's the problem. I formatted my C drive. I used the new boot up disk I created today and went through the delete/create partition stage and rebooted the machine and formatted the hard drive.

I did the following (At A prompt) :

A:\>e: (enter)
E:\>copy Win2000 C:\ (enter)

But I keep getting an error message saying :

File not found - Win2000
0 files found.

I have no idea how I should work this out. Could you please help me? Thank you!





Answer : What is it you're copying from E:, the setup files for 2000 from the CD? If so they are not stored there, they are in a subdirectory called i386 and can get gotten like this:

e:
xcopy i386\*.* c:\i386\*.* /e

(you'll need xcopy.exe, and perhaps xcopy*.* on the floppy)

After that finishes copying you can do a:

a:
sys c:

then reboot on the hard drive and:

cd \i386
winnt

to start the install.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : I knew you were there! Thanks!

Let me get this straight.

At E prompt, I should type xcopy i386\*.* c:\i386\*.* /e? So it should look like this?

E:\>xcopy i386\*.* c:\i386\*.* /e

Then at A prompt, I should type this?

A:\>sys C:

Then reboot and type

A:\> cd\i386 winnt

Did I get this right? How do I make it start to setup then?





Answer : Yes you have it right - to make sure everything goes right include the root reference, making the commands:

e:
xcopy \i386\*.* c:\i386\*.* /e

(that will copy the files from the CD to the hard disk)

Now type:

a:
sys c:

(will require sys.com be on the floppy)

Reboot and type:

echo y | lock c: /off
cd \i386
winnt /b

and that will begin the installation. Installation of Windows NT/2000/XP begins with "winnt", not "setup" as in 95/98/ME.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7039437
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Unable to detect scaner by 98se...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

we need your kind help again, my PC has windows
ME and is unable to detect a digital scanner and
a digital camera when we bootup the system, Also,
with a manual search comes with the same result.
all the cable connections are good (usb), and the
drivers are loaded into windows. Can you please
tell me what we should look for or try to do?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Need More Information : Are you using a USB hub? Does any other device work with your USB ports?

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

there is NO hub. its a stand-alone PC with built-in
usb port in the back of the motherboard as usual.
I never used any other device with the usb port.
thanks a lot. sammy.

***

Need More Information : How can you be sure the USB port drivers are installed properly if no devices have worked? I would check to see if you have an IRQ conflict. System control panel, Device Manager, dbl click the "Computer" item at the top, check the resulting list to be sure nothing is on the same IRQ with the USB.

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

please tell me where I can download USB port drivers,
so I can install it & see if it makes a difference?
thanks a lot. saud. ;-)

***

Answer : First of all be sure you have the USB ports enabled in the BIOS. There are usually options to enable/disable and to choose whether to use an IRQ for them.

Follow this troubleshooting guide for USB:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q263218

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7084860
Asker : classicgto1
Subject : defrag problems
Private : No

Question : I went to defrag my hdrive and it got to 15% and would'nt continue. It still made the defrag sounds but no movement in the display screen. Before starting it I disabled my screensaver and desktop wallpaper and put task scheduler on hold.
I went into safe mode with minimum of OS and hardware drivers enacted and it still went only to 15% and stopped.
Any suggestions?
thanx, Jim

Answer : Run a scandisk first, then run the defrag and let it run overnight. If it doesn't finish then, let me know.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118152
Asker : mic_cord
Subject : File Extensions
Private : No

Question : HELP!!! My girlfriend installed a landscaping program on my computer, and it installed Apple Image Viewer onto my system. I figured out how to get that piece of crap image viewer off of my computer, but now all my .jpg files can't be opened because it is looking for the Apple Image Viewer program. I've tried the VIEW>>>FOLDER OPTIONS>>>FILE TYPES>>>Files associated with this file extension route, but now the extension .jpg doesn't even come up on my drop-down list. All that comes up are the .jpeg and the .jpe (which i've never heard of) and .jfif extensions. There's nowhere to add an extension to the list...so how can I get it back to how I had it (when I double click on a picture file, Internet Explorer will show the file - NOT A PICTURE VIEWING PROGRAM!!!). If I want to view a picture file MY way, I have to go in and RENAME ever .jpg that I have to a .JPEG file - which will take me the rest of my life because I like digital photography, so I have a lot of picture files...I already got .GIF back to the way I want it.

Please help me. I'm never letting my girlfriend at my computer again! Email me if you have any questions: mic_cord@hotmail.com

I've almost resorted to reinstalling IE5 (the version I like), but I don't want to have to do that.

Thanks!
Michael

Answer : Try this to restore your JPG file association. Copy the following text below into a file in Notepad. Save it as "jpg.reg" (no quotes) and then open an Explorer or My Computer window where you saved the file and double-click it to merge the info into your registry. Then try double-clicking any JPG file - if it worked it should open in Internet Explorer (that's the default for JPG files - you can change it by installing almost any graphics app or editor).

REGEDIT4

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile]
@="JPEG Image"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\CLSID]
@="{25336920-03F9-11cf-8FD0-00AA00686F13}"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell]

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell\open]

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell\open\command]
@="\"C:\\PROGRA~1\\INTERN~1\\iexplore.exe\" -nohome"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell\open\ddeexec]
@="\"file:%1\",,-1,,,,,"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell\open\ddeexec\Application]
@="IExplore"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\shell\open\ddeexec\Topic]
@="WWW_OpenURL"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jpegfile\DefaultIcon]
@="C:\\PROGRA~1\\INTERN~1\\iexplore.exe,8"




----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118259
Asker : poorpg
Subject : Lilo disappear after re-installing windows 98
Private : No

Question : what to do??
my lilo (red hat 7.1) disappears after i have re-installed windows 98?
how to make the lilo appear again?

Answer : Windows 98 stomps on the boot record when you perform an install, which as you've seen, removes LILO. To restore LILO you'll need to boot either from the recovery floppy you made during the Linux install, or from the install CD (aborting before making any changes by pressing ALT-F2 - F6 to get to another terminal, or by typing "single" or "rescue" at the prompt for info when the CD begins to boot). Once you're in as root you can restore LILO by doing this:

cd /etc
lilo

Re-running lilo in this way will cause it to re-read its configuration file /etc/lilo.conf and apply those settings. Then simply do a:

shutdown now -r

to reboot and see the LILO menu (with Windows choice) again.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118337
Asker : ru2cme
Subject : formatting multiple partitions on hard-drive
Private : No

Question : GREETINGS ALL,

WEIRD PROBLEM HERE. RUNNING WIN 98SE, 30 GB HARD DRIVE, 256 RAM. I HAD A PARTITION SET UP ON MY HARD DRIVE. WIN 98SE ON ONE SIDE AND WIN ME ON THE OTHER.

TO ACHIEVE THIS, I USED SYSTEM COMMANDER WHICH WAS INSTALLED ON THE WIN 98SE SIDE. I ATTEMPTED TO FORMAT THE ENTIRE HARD DRIVE FORGETTING THAT I HAD SYSTEM COMMANDER INSTALLED.I HAVE ALSO INSTALLED A NEW MOTHERBOARD AND CLEARED THE CMOS TO DEFAULTS.

NOW, SYSTEM COMMANDER IS WIPED OUT. I HAVE ATTEMPTED TO USE "FDISK" BUT, IT SAYS THAT IT CANNOT ACCESS DRIVE 2 (THE WIN ME SIDE).

I NEED TO WIPE EVERYTHING OUT ON THIS HARD DRIVE TO START FROM SCRATCH BUT, AM GETTING ERRORS SUCH AS NOT ENOUGH SPACE OR IF I CAN RECALL, MAYBE EVEN "NOT A CORRECT FAT 32 SYSTEM".

I HAVE CREATED AND DROPPED ACTIVE PARTITIONS,FORMATTED WHATEVER I COULD, BUT, WHATEVER I DO,I CANNOT SET THE HARD DRIVE UP SO THAT I CAN FORMAT IT. SYSTEM COMMANDER CANNOT BE REINSTALLED AT THIS TIME AND THE "BOOT DISKS" FOR SYSTEM COMMANDER ARE USELESS AT THIS TIME.

***ARE THERE SOME COMMANDS THAT I CAN USE OR TYPE IN OR SOMETHING THAT I CAN ACCESS OR DESTROY THE OTHER PARTITION SO I CAN FORMAT THIS ^%%* THING!? IF SO, PLEASE GIVE ME THE STEP BY STEP TO THOSE COMMANDS.
THANKS AGAIN FOR YOUR ASSISTANCE!

Answer : Go and get the utility DelPart.exe (link below). It can erase almost any partition. Once ALL partitions on the disk are deleted save your changes, boot from a boot floppy that has already been prepared as a boot floppy and has fdisk.exe and format.exe and then create the partitions you want. Also on the first boot of the floppy to ensure that System Commander is removed do a:

fdisk /mbr

to rewrite the Master Boot Record with standard information.

DelPart download link:

http://www.rustysmith.com/delpart.exe

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118514
Asker : chrislove01
Subject : Move Partitions
Private : No

Question : Hello

I have currently a 8 gb drive with a windows 98 and Linux partion (+swap space)

I have just installed a 3.8 GB drive as primary slave. My question is how to I move the Linux and Swap partition to the 3gb drive? So I can continue using it without having to reinstall.

I have Partition Magic 5 but I can only move partitions in the same drive.

Any Ideas?

Chris

Answer : You can use Norton Ghost to copy the Linux partitions from the old drive to the new, smaller one. Be aware that after doing this Linux will no longer boot unless you first calculate what partition it will be and change Linux accordingly. For instance if it's currently installed to the first drive, second partition it is mounting root as:

/dev/hda2 (or is it hda1 - can't remember if Linux starts counting with 0 or 1 - check your /etc/fstab file to be sure).

In any event you will need to edit the /etc/fstab file and change the mount points for root and swap (and any others if you broke out your filesystems from root) so that when you switch the partition to the new disk it will be the correct mount point. For example, if the new smaller drive will be the second disk you will need to change the 'hda' to 'hdb' and be aware of the partition numbers. If Windows was installed to hda0 and Linux had hda1 and hda2 (/ and swap) and on the new drive the Linux partitions will be alone then they will be hdb0 and hdb1 instead of hda1 and hda2. Hopefully you get the idea.


--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118584
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : CD Burner
Private : No

Question : Hello, I got thi CD burner for Christmas. It is by Phillips. I hooked it up correctly I thought but when I started my computer up & put the installation disk, it said "Unsupported Operating System". What's wrong? Please help me.......
-Tye

Answer : First thing is to be sure that there is no CD in the drive, and no floppy in the floppy drive.

Secondly if the problem still occurs is to ensure the cabling and jumpers are correct. The CD burner needs to either be the Slave on the primary cable with your main hard disk, or set as Master or Slave on the secondary controller. Check the jumpers at the back of all your devices (CDRW, CD-ROM, hard disk) and ensure that the Master is at the END of each cable and is jumpered as Master. The ones plugged into the middle connecter need to be Slaves. Also ensure the BIOS settings are set to "Auto" for the IDE devices you're using. pressing DEL will usually enter the BIOS setup during a boot (when memory is being tested/displayed).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7118592
Asker : Devsforev
Subject : FAT 32 - NTFS On Windows XP
Private : No

Question : Hello. Here are the statistics on my computer:

>500mhz
>9.52GB hard drive
>256 megs of ram
>Windows XP PRO
>FAT32 Format
>cable connection
>Small Home network, ocasionally share files

I was browding www.tweakxp.com for tweaks i can apply to my Windows XP. I understand that XP works best when running the NTFS file system. I would like to know what the advantages are of NTFS as compared to FAT32. I would also like to find out if it is worth my time to upgrade my file system. I read the command is:
"Convert C: /FS:NTFS"
in a command prompt. If I enter that command, will it erase my computer and convert or just convert, keeping my files? I would also like to know if when I convert there will be negative side effects or compatibilty issues.

Sumarizing:
>What are the Advantages of NTFS over FAT32?
>Is it worth to upgrade to NTFS?
>Will upgrading using "Convert C: /FS:NTFS" format my hard drive?
>Will Converting cause any bad or harmful side effects?
>Are there compatibility issues when I convert?

Five Stars will be given if replied to in 24 hours. Thanks a lot everyone, and I greatly appriciate all your replies! Happy Holidays!

-- Devsforev

Answer : The primary advantages of NTFS over FAT32 are security, on-the-fly compression, and file/direcory-level permissions. If you perform this conversion you will not lose your data - the conversion is intended to leave everything as it is now.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7131038
Asker : lacalaca
Subject : removing entries from pc
Private : No

Question : I run REGEDIT and in HKEY_CURRENT USER- under "software" I found entries (I do not know if is the right name) of programs that I removed in the past.
Is it OK to delete them right clicking on them?.
Thank you for your help.

Answer : Yes, if you've uninstalled the application and removed the directory the files were in feel free to remove ones you're sure of.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7131559
Asker : Terrtorr
Subject : General question
Private : No

Question : What's better BA in computer sceince or a MCSE with a RHCE?

Answer : That depends on whether you'd like to have a career in IT (BA) or be an IT wage-slave your whole life, relegated to technical jobs (MCSE/RHCE).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7132522
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Invalid page fault in iexplorer 5.5
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

my iexplorer 5.5 is getting an invalid page fault
in module "MSVCRT.DLL" more often than before.
we are running windows 98se and I have upgraded
my netzero isp software and also, rebuilt the IE browser to no avail. Please help.
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : It sounds like the correct version of MSVCRT.DLL may have been supplanted by an install you did. try getting the original from the 98SE CD and copy it over the one currently in \WINDOWS\SYSTEM. You can get at the files by using EXTRACT from a DOS prompt. Example to get a list of all the files in the WIN98_22.CAB - WIN98_69.CAB series:

X: (where X is your CD-ROM with 98 SE CD)
extract /a /d win98_22.cab > cablist.txt
edit cablist.txt

Now do a CTRL-S to search for the text "msvcrt" and then scroll up to find out which CAB file it was in. Mine was in WIN98_55.CAB. You can extract it with the command:

extract /e win98_55.cab msvcrt.dll

Answer : Also check these resources:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q192123

http://groups.google.com/groups?q=ie+5.5+%22invalid+page+fault%22+%22msvcrt.dll%22
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7144348
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using 64-bit addressing in windows...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

according to microfocus's website advertisement
regarding their new net express Cobol Compiler,
they are saying that the compiler and its tools
utilities uses a 64-bit addressing mode.
1). do you thing this is true?
2). can they use a 64-bit addressing mode in a
____32-bit environment like windows 98??

thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : I'd say they can - if the processor has 64-bit registers and they use their own API/DLL code instead of the 32-bit functions in Windows. trying to make an app that is *exclusively* 64-bit would seem difficult (and indeed somewhat pointless) when running in a 32-bit OS environment. Other than memory address space 64-bit doesn't really buy you much.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7160409
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : UPgrade to windows NT or 2000...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

i would like to upgrade my windows 98se to windows
NT or 2000. I need a good support for os2 api
function calls (16-bit character mode), and I was
told that NT or 2000 will do that in a subsystem.
please tell me which version should I upgrade
to and why??
thanks a lot for your help...
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : If you have the harrdware to support it (128MB or more of RAM, a few GB of disk space) I would go with Windows 2000 or XP. They have nicer interfaces and support more hardware and software than NT.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7163969
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using a server in a network...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

can you please tell me what is the difference
between an FTP Server and a Network Server?
thanks a lot for your help...
sammy. ;-)

P.S.
_____did you ever do programming with assembly
_____language??

***

Answer : An FTP server speaks a specific TCP/IP protocol using ports 20 and 21, and uses commands defined by a standard to list and transfer files. A Network Server typically indicates an OS designed to share it's resources, which can include files, but also may be more things like databases, printers, or other.

Yes, I have had two courses in assembly - one in IBM 370 and the other in IBM PC assembly. But I have never spent any time with it since so I'm extremely rusty.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7174319
Asker : think9394
Subject : partition of Hard Disk
Private : Yes

Question : I used Windows98 startup disk to format and fdisk my hard disk. Only two partitions totaling 30 Gig (22 in C and 8 in D) were allowed. Some storage spaces of the disk were gone. I wondered whether Windows98 has got problems so that I reformatted it again and tried to fdisk it with Windows ME boot disk. When I entered into fdisk, a flashing sentence appeared at the bottom saying Unable to access drive 1.

I wish to partition my 40G hard disk into 4 partitions and have got Windows98, Me and XP in hand. How do I fix the above problems?

Jacky

Answer : This is likely due to either having bad settings in the BIOS, or the motherboard not supporting a disk this size. Get the latest BIOS update for your motherboard from the manufacturer's website. Also ensure you have the information in the BIOS correct for your drives (Auto for detection, and either Auto or LBA for the translation). Then use delpart.exe (link below) to delete all partitions and then reboot again on the floppy and try to create the partitions you want:

- A primary (C:)
- An extended that takes up the rest of the disk
-- 3 Logical partitions that divide the extended into the sizes you want for the last 3 partitions.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7182632
Asker : greatwhiteboards
Subject : dual boot
Private : No

Question : I need to install win98 on a new pc that came with winXP. I have two hardrives on the one machine. How can I use the second hardrive for win98 while maintaining the primary drive for XP?

Answer : A few ways:

1) Get a program like System Commander - it will handle the multiple OSes.

2) Start over, installing Windows 98 first to one drive, and XP second to the next drive. XP will automatically setup the boot menu for choosing.

3) (the most clever way, of my own devious design ;-) Unplug the current hard, and plug in the new blank one as Master (Master/Slave is set by a jumper on the back or underside of the hard drive) on the primary drive connector. Now install Windows 98 as normal to this hard drive. When you're done, put the original hard disk back in as Master (Master goes on the of the cable in all cases) and this new 98 hard disk in as Slave. Boot up into XP and when it's done booting, open a DOS command prompt by doing:

Start/Run/cmd (hit ENTER)

Once in do this:

attrib -r -h -s c:\boot.ini
edit c:\boot.ini

You should see something similar to mine here:

[boot loader]
timeout=30
default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect
C:\CMDCONS\BOOTSECT.DAT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Recovery Console" /cmdcons

Add a line like the one below to add Windows 98 to your boot menu and see it as a choice during bootup:

D:\="Windows 98"

Press ALT-F to get the menu and save and exit. Now reboot and you should see the choices between XP (I know my example is from 2000 but it should be the same for you in XP) and Windows 98.

Enjoy!

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7193107
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using multiple files under 2000...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

we need your generous help again. under windows
2000 or NT, if we have a small network (lan), what
is the Maximum number of files that our COBOL
program applications can open at the same time?
where can we adjust this number under 2000 or NT,
do they have a config.sys file like dos?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : I believe those can be added to the file config.nt under \WINNT\SYSTEM32 and would be like their DOS counterparts:

FILES=200
BUFFERS=60

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities


Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7194784
Asker : clawso163
Subject : Windows Registry
Private : No

Question : Do you know of a way to "look" at scanregw's backed-up registry files without having to reinstall them? Is there a program available I can use?

I want to look at an old "Default" entry for registry key [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\TypeLib]. I'm using Win98SE and the present value of {E1A6B8A3-3603-101C-AC6E-040224009C02} is flagging a "not found in good type libs" in another program I'm using called "OLE Cleaner" This flag just showed up recently. As far as I can tell this value is related to an old program (IMGTHUMB.OCX) which I no longer have on my system. I'm not experiencing any problems at all and it doesn't show up on jv16PT or RegCleaner. But I would like to find out what value should be at that registry key location.

Answer : The backup versions of your registry are kept in:

\WINDOWS\SYSBCKUP

as .CAB files. Open a DOS prompt and use this to view them by date:

dir /od /a *.cab

Once you've found the one you suspect has the value you need you can extract the files in it like this:

extract /e file.cab *.*
attrib -r -h -s *.*

The files in there will contain system.dat and user.dat, the two files that make up your entire registry.

Once you've extract the files you should be able to combine them into a single .REG file you can then edit by right-clicking it in a Windows Explorer window with this command:

cd \windows\sysbckup
regedit /L:system.dat /R:user.dat /E fullreg.reg

Now you should be able to read the previous values you're after.



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7195889
Asker : xertos93
Subject : KRNL.EXE INFECTED
Private : No

Question : I am running Windows 98 and even though
I updated Norton 2000 one week ago I got a virus (Italian boy etc) which infected the KRNL.EXE file.
I had to delete the file and now Windows does not start,not even in safe mode. I tried copying this file from a new Dell(Windows XP)and copied to the C drive but to no avail. I tried working in DOS using dir command trying to find the Windows\System directory but I could not find that directory.
What is the best solution to get Windows to load? My knowledge of the Windows system is moderate.

Best wishes

Answer : You will want to restore a good copy of a Windows 98 version of the KRNL386.EXE file. Mine is stored in the file WIN98_45.CAB which you should find on your Windows 98 CD under the WIN98 directory. You can use the extract utility to get the KRNL386.EXE and put it back to \WINDOWS\SYSTEM where it belongs. Be aware that you should run a virus scan in DOS before rebooting into Windows, as the same virus will likely infect the KRNL386.EXE again if you don't clear it out before booting.

extract /e win98_45.cab krnl386.exe
copy krnl386.exe c:\windows\system

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7204021
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Allocating memory under windows...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

if I make a 32-bit system executable program with
cobol language, lets say "Program.exe", when I
run this program under windows 2000, does windows
allocates all the needed memory for that program
automatically upon request, or the program has to
allocate its own memory when it needs it?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***



Answer : See this tutorial on allocating and deallocating memory in COBOL programs:

http://home.swbell.net/mck9/cobol/tech/memalloc.html
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7223542
Asker : stox_man_2000
Subject : Is ACPI bad for comp?
Private : No

Question : Hi recently my p3 800 16 meg tnt2 video card, 128 mb ram comp has been shutting down by itself while playing a game and/or movie file. Is this because of the ACPI fucntion? I have noticed that my tower is quite warm when it shuts down by itself and that my 2 fans are still working...Why is this happening and how can i fix it? Also i noticed i dont have blue death screens nemore....hmmm weird

help me damn it!
thx

Answer : OK, damn it! ;-)

I'd bet that your problem is a fauly power supply. Get a new one from a store like Best Buy that will let you return it if it doesn't solve the problem. Get at least a 250 watt ATX power supply, preferably 350 watt. Then shutdown the PC and unplug the power cable. Open the case and disconnect all the power cables to drives, CDs, floppy and the motherboard. Then unscrew the back 4 screws holding the power supply in place, switch it with the new one and reconnect and screw in everything.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7227823
Asker : Temjin
Subject : Re: Registry problems expected, system is unsmooth, choky, slowed. Please help! Sorry, accidentally pressed "end" instead.
Private : No

Question : Sorry, accidentally clicked "end" instead of reply for clarification.

List of programs running

- Game Threater(tm) XP 6.1
- Explorer
- Realplayer
- Sysgate
- Vetray
- Bigpond (internet cable connection)
- Point32
- Bpalogin
- Setgamma
- Ndetect
- Resumefix
- Ramidle
- Rundll32
- Mbm5
- Atiptaxx
- Alogserv
- Systray


Are these what you asked for? Hope this helps. Many thanks again.
_________________________________________________

Hello, around 3 weeks ago, I went to download and installed a program called Ad-aware which is used to remove spywares from my system. (regretted, was a BAD IDEA)

The problem goes after I accidentally removed some registry files (or rather, long numbers thingly) from using Ad-ware which links to the software Gator. I remembered I deleted those first from Adware then uninstalled Gator. What happens after that is, everything on my system ran quite choky. What I mean is, any fast action games (e.g. CS) pauses every 5 secs for half a sec and similar in other programs. Exactly opposite of smooth, it's definitely not smooth at all and gave me a huge disadvantage while playing CS. Overall, it's slowing down my computer too much in many ways.

I'm using WindowsME and I know the option for restoring registry backups. But this solution did not work because the day I deleted those registry, I did not try this solution till 6 days later (3 days due to holiday). I tried the system restore after 6 days back to the day before I install adware but did not work as during the backup process, the machine locked halfway and restarted itself and when back in the Windows, the system restore told me the backup was unsuccesfully. I tried other days further back and still produced the same problem.

I then tried to manual restore registry from DOS but it only stored the pass 5 days registry backup and did not have the date I needed. Registry check under ME gave me no errors, I also tried using programs such as Ashampoo WinOptimizier and try to clear and optimize registry but still doesn't work. Scandisk and defragment HDDs also didn't work.

Right now, I don't know what else I could do, I really don't want to format my computer unless there is absolutely no other ways to fix it. Please help. Thank you.

pauldoherty asked for clarification on 1/28/2002:
After a normal boot press CTRL-ALT-DEL and list for me the the items you have running.

Answer : Wow, you have a huge number of apps loaded for a bare boot! One of these is very likely your culprit - use the CTR-ALT-DEL to kill a few at a time and test to see if the slowness has disappeared. Once you find the culprit either remove it from your startup (Start/Programs Startup) or from the registry itself - Start/Run/regedit - once in navigate to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Run and RunOnce

The items in the right pane when Run is selected at the left are the startup apps. Find and delete the one that is causing you troubles, or just remove the app entirely with the Add-Remove Programs control panel.

Apps that are NOT suspect and should not be killed:

- Explorer
- Point32 (probably not since it's your mouse but you want to test this as well)
- Systray

If it's anything besides what's listed here it suspicious and may be your problem. An easy and quick way to initially test for real if any of these items is the problem (before isolating it) kill ALL items except those listed above (kill Point32 also). Then test to see if your problem disappears (it should). Assuming the problem goes away then you now know for sure that the problem is one of those apps.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



FUQuestion : I tried killing all of the items beside the 2 (explorer and Systray) you mentioned and also including the mcafee virus scan on the task bar, but the problem still exists. Games and softwares are not running smoothly, a little choky still.
Sometimes, it could be worsen to the point when Counter Strike is running between 10 to 90 fps randomly, plus the choking effect. But sometime, the fps is perfectly okay but still with the choking.

What else can I do now? thanks again. :)

Answer : So, you're saying you removed *everything* but Systray and Explorer and it was still jerky? OK in that case it obviously is NOT one of the apps in there. So now I can say with almost complete certainty that the problem is either your video/audio drivers or you have a hardware problem.

Try updating your video and audio drivers (network drivers too, if you use an ethernet card). Go to your manufacturer's web sites to get the latest drivers. Also get the latest DirectX from Microsoft's site at:

http://www.microsoft.com/directx

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : For some very STRANGE reasons, I got my computer to work smoothly (and very smooth too) last night, with increase in stable fps on CS. I removed ICQ ndetect, Virus scan, realplayer and mbm5, then CS was running smoothly with no jerks at all. Other programs were loading smoothly again.
Unfornately, the next day I tried doing the same thing, the same choking effect came back again. Tried again removing all applications except those 2 and doesn't work. Have no idea why it worked before and why now it doesn't work. And couldn't get it working again.

My video and audio drivers are most up to date, as well as DirectX. I only removed some registry key thingly from Ad-aware and this problem emerges. And since it worked yesterday night, don't know if the drivers/hardware problems are the cause.

Sorry if this is getting too hard, if the worse news come, I will have to find some spare time to reformat and redo everything again. Thanks again.


Answer : If you're sure your drivers are up to date, the best way to get back a healthy Windows state is to reinstall Windows right over the top of your existing install. Very easy to do and will not disrupt your installed programs or data. Just pop the CD in and run the install again, installing to the same location Windows is in now.

At the end of the install be sure to go ahead and get the latest video and audio drivers and install them as the install may not use the ones you're using now.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7240552
Asker : tcsingh
Subject : doesn't le me install programs
Private : No

Question : Hi I have strange problem I have a soundblaster live
value card. i downloaded the drivers for it and installed
it in windows xp and somehow whenever i try to to open
mixer it says windows has encounter problem with mixed
send report and doesn't let me do anything. I uninstall it
and try to install the drivers for it again but now when i
try to install the drivers it says Installshield has
encounterted problems with drivers it need to close i
rebooted it and tried again but no luck i don't how to
install it again please help i am running windows xp.
thanks
.


Answer : Make sure you have the newest drivers from the Creative website (http://www.creaf.com) and try experimenting by restoring different save points from the System Restore tool - under Start/All Programs/Accessories/System Tools.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7241993
Asker : ifadel123
Subject : thank you
Private : Yes

Question : Hi,,,i;m sorry to bother you again, but i seem to like your way of answering.

i don't know why everytime i try to copy a content of a directory on a cd the computer hangs, i have a philips 8X4X32, is this a windows problem or a drive?

i baught a western digital 40 GB with 7200 rpm, it didn't come with a cable and i need to install it in my computer, how do i know that i'm using the right cable that meets the specs of the HD i mean whether it's ATA 100 or 66
because the cable i have now is the regular grey one that came with computer and my machines is 3 years old it's an emachines 400 MHZ .
me second question is how do i keep my old HD and install the new also, i want you to explaiin to me, i'm no expert but i've installed the cdrw before, let give a picture of it, i have 2 ide cables one that connects 4 devices to the motherboard which are the hard disk , drive A, cdrw and a dvd rom .

if you have experience with partiion magic 7.0 could you tel me how can i rum both 98 on my olddrive and xp on the new one/

thank you


Answer : As for your data transfer problem it could be the cable, or another motherboard-level problem. You won't know until you work the cable issue.

The 40GB drive you got almost certainly came with an 80-pin cable. You can tell a few ways - it's thinnner than a normal cable and it has 3 different-colored ends. One is blue (goes to the controller on the motherboard), one is black (goes to the drive jumpered as master), and the last middle connector is grey (goes to slave). You need to use this cable for connecting at least your new 40GB, and you can use it for one of the CD-ROMs too, but that's not advisable. Keep the CD-ROMs on the secondary controller by themselves and make sure they are jumpered correctly. Then put the new cable on the hard disk, putting the hard disk on the black connector and the motherboard controller on blue.

With Partition magic you can boot up under DOS and using PM make your existing full-drive partition smaller by the amount you need to install XP. then, during the beginning of the XP install (start it under 98 by putting the CD in the drive - it will autorun) choose the stand-alone install, then choose the Advanced button and check the box for "let me choose the partition to install on" (or similar).

Also please don't ask normal tech questions like this as private - no one else can benefit from our interaction that way. Thanks!

And I appreciate the implicit compliment that you like how I answer questions...

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hi

i don't think that the problem about the
Cdrw is neither the motherboard nor the cable becuase, becuase i the drive start recording but after a while after 15% or something the computer hangs.

as for the drive it didn't come with cable the guy on ebay sent it to may without cable that's why i'm asking is there a specific brand you recommend for me to buy, do you prefer the regular flat cables or the new round ones?

thank you.

Answer : The round ones cost more simply because they help airflow. Your system doesn't get hot enough to justify the expense. Just get a cheap IDE cable that is the newer 80-conductor variety (as compared to the older style 40-conductor cables).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7302997
Asker : amritflora
Subject : Removing one operating system
Private : No

Question : Dear Sir,
I have two operating systems ( windows 2000 professional and windows 9n )running in my PC.
I get an option to choose one of the operating systems when i turn my system on.
Now I want to install Windows XP but I am unable to install it because of the two operating systems installed.
I want to remove WINDOWS 2000 PROFESSIONAL.
Please help me how to do so?

Thank You.

Answer : First boot into Windows 95/98 and create a boot disk from Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs/Startup Disk tab.

Boot with your floppy.

Once in type the following commands (assumes Windows 2000 was installed to second drive letter D: into \WINNT):

path=a:\
attrib -r -h -s c:\*.*
del c:\ntldr
del c:\ntdetect.com
del c:\boot.ini
del c:\bootsect.dos
del c:\pagefile.sys
del d:\pagefile.sys (in case you had it on the other drive)
deltree d:\winnt (this one will take a while)

Now type:

sys c:
fdisk /mbr

and Windows 2000 will be gone from your hard drive. Remember to remove any programs that would have been installed under Windows 2000 (\Program Files\*) to save space.

After all has been said and done about how to remove Windows 2000 in this way, why don't you just leave your machine as dual-boot 98 and 2000 and put the XP CD in and perform an upgrade so you end up with 98 and XP?

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7303011
Asker : amritflora
Subject : Removing one operating system
Private : No

Question : Dear Sir,
I have two operating systems ( windows 2000 professional and windows 9n )running in my PC.
I get an option to choose one of the operating systems when i turn my system on.
Now I want to install Windows XP but I am unable to install it because of the two operating systems installed.
I want to remove WINDOWS 2000 PROFESSIONAL.
Please help me how to do so?

Thank You.

Answer : First boot into Windows 95/98 and create a boot disk from Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs/Startup Disk tab.

Boot with your floppy.

Once in type the following commands (assumes Windows 2000 was installed to second drive letter D: into \WINNT):

path=a:\
attrib -r -h -s c:\*.*
del c:\ntldr
del c:\ntdetect.com
del c:\boot.ini
del c:\bootsect.dos
del c:\pagefile.sys
del d:\pagefile.sys (in case you had it on the other drive)
deltree d:\winnt (this one will take a while)

Now type:

sys c:
fdisk /mbr

and Windows 2000 will be gone from your hard drive. Remember to remove any programs that would have been installed under Windows 2000 (\Program Files\*) to save space.

After all has been said and done about how to remove Windows 2000 in this way, why don't you just leave your machine as dual-boot 98 and 2000 and put the XP CD in and perform an upgrade so you end up with 98 and XP?

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7355798
Asker : somenothingness
Subject : How to ftp or download redhat Linux.
Private : No

Question : I am looking to download Redhat Linux or which ever other distribution is nearest to Win98 and has the same experience level. I have found sites with Linux, but there are file directories and I suppose I do not know how to download through ftp or through the internet as they are all such small files. Secondly, I wish to keep my win98 se and add a Linux dist. to my 10gb hard disk. So, I guess i need to know how to partion as well. But, as long as i can get a hold of a Linux dist. at the moment, all will be fine. Where can i find or better yet, download a Linux dist?

Answer : This site carries ISO images of all the major distributions of Linux available for free download:

http://www.linuxiso.org/

An ISO is an exact CD duplicate - once you burn these your copies will be the same as the source disks they used. The first CD is almost always bootable so you can start the installation by putting the first CD in the drive and rebooting.

I suggest you get Partition Magic and use it to shrink your existing single full-drive partition to make room for your new Linux install. This assumes that you installed Windows (or had it installed for you) so that it used all available space on your drive. If your drive is large enough and you have enough free space I would suggest that you shrink the existing Windows partition by about 5 GB to make room for all the Linux apps you may want to install.

An alternative to Partition Magic is this free software called Partition Manager:

http://download.cnet.com/downloads/0,10152,0-10096-110-914828,00.html?gid=48978&tag=st.dl.10096-100-914828-914828.dln.10096-110-914828

It is billed as an app that can also perform the partition shrink I described above. Don't worry about creating another partition - just shrink the existing Windows one and start the Linux install - during the install you will choose where to put Linux and will prepare the free space you've created at that time.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7383959
Asker : glen_h
Subject : opening images
Private : No

Question : How can I change the program that opens images (.jpg, .bmp, etc.) on my computer running Windows 98? MGI PhotoSuite 8.1 has been doing it ever since I installed their software and I want to change it. I can't open any images if I delete PhotoSuite. MGI, Microsoft and my computer manufacturer have been no help.

Answer : Quite easy, actually. Decide what app you DO want images to load in (default for JPG is Internet Explorer, and I believe also for BMP - although BMPs can be associated with PaintBrush as well). Once you decide on the app to use open My Computer and dig down into your C: drive until you find a file of that type (for instance a JPG file). Single-click the file to select it then while holding the SHIFT key right-click the same file and choose "Open With" from the menu that pops up. Check the box for "always open with this app" (or similar) and choose your app from the list, or click browse and drill down to the actual executable file (program) you want to open JPGs with.

Now when you double-click a JPG it will open with that app.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7501294
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Killing Port Connections
Private : No

Question : When I do Netstat, I get the following


172.22.0.25.41812 10.110.14.221.8110 33580 0 8760 0 TIME_WAIT


How can I kill this sort of port connection?

Can I kill a port connection if I have ESTABLISHED? What command?

Answer : I don't know if there is a way to do it from the command line (I doubt it with the stock tools). Here are some apps that purport to allow that:

http://www.extralan.co.uk/products/Diagnostic-Tools/Netscan-comparison.htm

http://www.basementresearch.net/projects/brkill/brkill.html


FUQuestion : Sorry for not being specific.

This is for Solaris 8.


Answer : Ah that's different. :-)

Try using lsof (list open files) to determine what process is using those ports and you can then kill those PIDs to free up the ports.

lsof can be gotten here if it's not already on your system:

http://www.sunfreeware.com/programlistsparc8.html#lsof

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 3
End :
Rating : 3


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7534637
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : hmm - cant see files
Private : No

Question : hey
i have a little problem - when i browse through my harddrive and change the view to "detail" - all my files disappear and all i see is a white screen. when i change the view back to somethin else i see everything fine :( any clue why?

thanx
JJ

Answer : Your details view columns may have become misadjusted. As in expanded too far, or minimized too much. I found these steps to solve it on the net:

"This can happen if the Name, Size, Type and Modified column widths
have been minimized (I don't know how that happens). Have your user
single left-click anywhere in the right pane then hold down the Ctrl
key and press the + sign on the key pad, with Num lock on of course.
That should resize the columns to the size necessary to display the
largest entry in each column.

This might result in the Modified column being pushed off the right
edge of the pane. Generally this is caused by a long entry in the Type
column. Direct your user to the column Title buttons at the top of the
right pane. Have them reduce the Type column width by moving the
cursor over the separator line on the right edge of the Type button.
When a double-headed arrow appears have them left-click and drag the
separator line to the left until the column width is sized to their
liking. Have them repeat the process with each column until they are
happy with the column arrangement."
Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7534722
Asker : mwal0
Subject : Restricting which workstations are allowed to log on at what time
Private : No

Question : G'day All,

I work at a High School. We are having problems with students logging onto a group of computers (which are only to be use after 8:45 am 9:00 am).

I am wondering if using windows NT 4.0 there is a way to stop these computer from being able to access the network until 9:00 am??? I am aware that you can set Access times for the Users using USER MANAGER but is there the same sought of thing for Machines/Clients???

Thanks

Matt

Answer : I would suggest you identify the service that controls the local login (Workstation service perhaps?) in the Services Control Panel. Then use a BAT file scheduled with the 'at' command to disable that service after school (say 6PM) and re-enable it at 9 AM.

For example if it was the "Workstation" service that made it impossible to login locally your disable BAT file might look like this:

@echo off
net stop "Workstation"

with the enable BAT file like this:

@echo off
net start "Workstation"

BAT files can also be named as .CMD files so use whichever is least likely to be examined. Also put the files into their own directory (C:\NETSVC) and set the permissions on both that directory and both files to be readable/executable by only the account you will be logged into when you run it or schedule it to be run. This will keep the little nippers out even when they are logged into the machine.

Note - Be aware that in testing this if you have truly found a service that will disable login you cannot leave it disabled and then logout or you will have to reboot the machine by hitting the reset switch! So while testing do not logout, or if you do, ensure that you have run the enable BAT file first.

Once tested you can schedule it as follows (you will need to have the Scheduler service running - also set it to start automatically):

at 18:00 /every:M,T,W,Th,F,S,Su "c:\netvc\netstop.cmd"

This will now stop the network login service you identified and put into the netstop.cmd file at 6PM every night.

Now enter the next command to re-enable login at 9:00 AM every day:

at 9:00 /every:M,T,W,Th,F,S,Su "c:\netvc\netstart.cmd"

They'll never know what hit them... :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7568036
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Mapped drives "popping up" on logon
Private : Yes

Question : I run a "server" with 2 workstations. When the workstations finish booting up the folders of the drives I mapped popup. I can't figure this one out - driving me insane. I've tried startup cop, run menu in registry and everything else.

My server is running windowsme as my 2 workstations.

Answer : You didn't state what OS the workstations are running so I'll assume some flavor of Windows 95/98/ME. I think I know where your problem comes from:

Right-click Network Neighborhood and select Properties (or just go to the Network control panel). Once inside double-click the "Client for Microsoft Networks" entry. Inside is a choice for what to do during network logon - I'm betting you're set to "logon and restore network connections". Choose "Quick logon" to not have Windows attempt to reconnect the drives at logon (your persistent mappings are still there - Windows just won't try to validate them this way).

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7757465
Asker : kelvintoo
Subject : IP Address Conflict problem
Private : Yes

Question : I used fixed ip address in my production lines. What if i have one pc ip address conflict with another, how can i know that which pc has the same ip address with that one. So that i can solve the problem faster ?

Thanks...

Answer : If two machines get the same IP the second one to get it will usually issue an error message. In that error message will be the MAC address (hardware address) of the network card that already has the IP address in question. You can get some clue about which machine already has the IP by two pieces of info:

1) The IP's subnet (if you're using routers) will define where the machine can possibly lie. If you have multiple subnets this will isolate the machine in one part of the building.

2) Take the MAC address to this site for lookup:

http://www.synapse.de/ban/HTML/P_LAYER2/Eng/P_lay280.html

The MAC address is a series of 6 pairs of hexadecimal digits. The first 3 pairs uniquely identify the make and model of Ethernet card. The last 3 pairs uniquely identify this one network card. So you can identify what network card (which can potentially identify the machine type for you if you buy from Dell or Compaq, etc).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7757476
Asker : kelvintoo
Subject : IP Address Conflict problem
Private : Yes

Question : I used fixed ip address in my production lines. What if i have one pc ip address conflict with another, how can i know that which pc has the same ip address with that one. So that i can solve the problem faster ?

Thanks...

Answer : If two machines get the same IP the second one to get it will usually issue an error message. In that error message will be the MAC address (hardware address) of the network card that already has the IP address in question. You can get some clue about which machine already has the IP by two pieces of info:

1) The IP's subnet (if you're using routers) will define where the machine can possibly lie. If you have multiple subnets this will isolate the machine in one part of the building.

2) Take the MAC address to this site for lookup:

http://www.synapse.de/ban/HTML/P_LAYER2/Eng/P_lay280.html

The MAC address is a series of 6 pairs of hexadecimal digits. The first 3 pairs uniquely identify the make and model of Ethernet card. The last 3 pairs uniquely identify this one network card. So you can identify what network card (which can potentially identify the machine type for you if you buy from Dell or Compaq, etc).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7768813
Asker : klmtb80
Subject : win 98 prob
Private : No

Question : ok I am sorry I put it in private. I cannot boot in Safe mode at all.

Need More Information : Can you remind me what the issue is we're discussing?

FUQuestion : I have a Toshiba Satellite 2615 DVD laptop that freezes on the Win 98 screen when I cut my computer on. I do not have the restoration disk and it will not boot up in safe mode. Any ideas?

Answer : You can try a "Logged" boot by pressing and holding the CTRL key during a boot until the same menu appears. After the boot fails copy and paste in the contents of the C:\BOOTLOG.TXT file so we can examine it to see where you're failing.

Probably the easiest way to fix it would be to install Windows 98 again right over the top of the existing install. That will fix whatever is wrong (which must be serious if even Safe mode fails) and leave all your installed apps and data alone.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7770989
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : .. help!!
Private : No

Question : The START button has always been located at the bottom of my computer page. So has all the little icons. When I turned on my computer today - the START button suddenly went to the top of the page. I cannot find out HOW to change it back to the bottom of the page .. help!!

Answer : Click and drag the taskbar from the top to the bottom (or the sides if you like) and let go - it will snap to that position (along with the Start button).

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7789225
Asker : jav90
Subject : Windows XP
Private : No

Question : Dear XPert,

I want to install windows XP but I am not sure whether it will work properly on my 2 year old computer. I was wondering if I install windos XP, if I will be able to Uninstall it later and go back to my previous OS. How can I. At pcpitstop they said that my computer Bios is dated August 1999 and it might not be compatible. What will happen if I install XP even though? I it won't work, where can get an upgrade for the Bios for my Compaq Presario 5441?

Answer : Chances are excellent that you will be 100% supported, all the more because you are running slightly older equipment. XP will certainly have every driver you require. A BIOS flash update wouldn't hurt though. Go to the site I list below and download their flashing utility and latest BIOS for your machine.

http://web14.compaq.com/falco/sp_result.asp?Model=3889&Os=0

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7799091
Asker : dmctighe
Subject : network
Private : No

Question : I have a general question regarding our LAN. All the files I work on are stored on a Win 2000 server machine. If I copy a large file to the server from my computer (say 200 MB) it takes about 1 minute, however if I copy the same file from the server to a different directory on the server using my machine it takes 20 times as long. Also if I try to extract a zip file that is stored on the server from my computer it also takes forever. I just installed a D-Link 100mbit switch and don't remember if I had the same issues with our old hub or not. The max tranfer rate for ethernet 100mbit is in theory about 12 Mbytes per second??, what is the approximate real transfer rate? Does this question make any sense??

Thanks
Derek

Answer : In the first case you were copying from your machine to the server. That was the maximum speed you'll reach likely. The second example you were at your machine but were copying a file FROM the server to another drive on the same server. Windows isn't very smart and doesn't check to see whether a source and destination are on the same machine or not. This has the unfortunate repercussion that the file was first transferred to your machine and then back again to the server to the new destination. That's double work.
Rating : 5


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QAId : 7864940
Asker : clawso163
Subject : NTFS PROBLEM
Private : No

Question : Hope you can help me out!

Some time ago the coolblock fell from my Geforce resulting in a big systemcrash and buying myself a new videocard and motherboard. After all was installed I wanted to continue my work but found out it had been too much for XP. No repairs, I had to reinstall. After I did all worked fine accept one minor detail. I am unable to access the My Documents folder wich is on my D:\ partition. It denies me entry, all other folders are accesible. Yes, I was stupid formatting it NTFS but I did and you probably guessed what this My Documents folder contains - yep, my documents. Hope you can help!!!!

Answer : If you're saying the directory exists then simply login as administrator and then right-click the directory, go to the security tab (and then Advanced/Owner) and "take ownership" of that dir and all subdirs and files. Then you'll own them and can do what you like with them (I'd suggest the first thing you do is back them up somewhere ;-)


--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


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QAId : 7876615
Asker : soyargentino
Subject : problem
Private : No

Question : i deleted some songs and pictures and other important stuff from my computer, my operating system is windows XP, the problem is that i need the stuff that i deleted back, i deleted the stuff from my recycle bin too. Is there any form to get my stuff back???
Thanks
Manuel

Answer : http://www.quetek.com/prod02.htm


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QAId : 7904327
Asker : edburg
Subject : Win XP Pro or Home
Private : No

Question : I currently run Win 98 and want to upgrade to XP. What is the difference between the Pro & the Home? Is the home edition based on NT as the XP Pro version is ? I hear that the NT based windows is much more stable than 98 or ME. I do suffer from crashes with 98 from time to time with the one application that I run on 98 and want to rid myself of this problem. I have a small home office with 3 computers networked. Really wondering if the Pro version is worth the extra money ?

Thanks In Advance !

Answer : There are only a fe primary differences between them - both are based on NT and will be very stable. The things that Pro has that Home doesn't:


- Remote control for remote administration

- Support for multiprocessing (for systems with more than one CPU)

- Ability to join a Windows NT Domain or directory (this is only useful for LANs or corporate installs)

Home should suit your needs fine if the above are not things you need.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 7978531
Asker : pyko
Subject : Reformatting
Private : No

Question : hi,
I wnat to format my hard drive, but i have a few queries.
1. i have windows Me and windows 98(chiniese) on the same computer, and i think they both use C:\, so would i just go into Dos and type format c:\ or is there something speial i need to do?

2. i have windws ME and windows 98(chinese), but i only want windows 98(english), would i just format it normally [dos, format c:\] and just install windows 98 english?

3. does it matter if i use a windows Me boot disk or a windows98 boot disk?

thankyou
pyko
all answers rated

Answer : 1. Normally 98 and ME cannot co-exist on the same partition so you may want to inspect your configuration and ensure that you don't actually have:

1) 1 drive with two partitions or more
2) Two drives
3) 3rd-party software such as System Commander that allows dual-booting from the same partition 98 and ME

2. Yes, just format and go - if you don't care about the data for either 98 or ME and just want to perform a clean install of 98 then format and go (make sure your CD drive is bootable and that your 98 disk is also by trying a boot from it - also depending on your 98 disk it may be a full version or an upgrade - upgrade versions want an existing install of DOS or Windows 95 so that may cause you an issue).

3. No - use either - and copy format.com and any other tools to the boot floppy from the same version of Windows you make the boot disk from.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


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QAId : 8032215
Asker : davidzach
Subject : windows xp: resource low
Private : No

Question : About twice a week while Im multi-tasking (Act database, Word, Internet Explorer 6.0, Street Atlas USA) I get a message saying resource low and I lose some of my graphics. Im guessing its a RAM issue but I have 512 MB running a Pentium III 1.0 GB and windows XP. I can obviously restart and the problem goes away but Im looking for a permanent fix, if possible.

Thank you for your time.

Need More Information : How large is your swap file? Confirm what size it is by right-clicking My Computer and choosing Properties. Then go into the Advanced tab and choose the Settings button next to Performance. then go into the Advanced tab and select the Change button at the bottom near Virtual Memory. It may be reported as a minimum/maximum number. Also while you're at it give me the free space on any hard drives you have (C:, D:, etc)

FUQuestion : Thanks for the quick response. Paging file size: Initial size is 384 MB and maximum size is 768 MB; space available is 1782 MB. I only have a harddisk at C and it is 37.2 GB with 1.36 GB of freespace remaining.

Let me know if you need more info. Thanks again, Paul.

Answer : Well I've never seen XP run out of resources, and since it's based on NT and has gobs (and you have sufficient RAM and swap) I'd have to conlude that one of two things is going on:

- Need to patch the OS for your motherboard chipset
Check intel.com and search for "chipset drivers" and get the ones for your motherboard's chipset (most P3 mobos are using 815 chipsets these days - there is an ID utility that wil tell you which you have on the same site).

- Have an app or driver that is leaking resources and reallocating until you've run out of space.

The latter seems the more likely to be causing your problem.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities




Rating : 4
Rating : 4

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