PowerUsers.info - Paul Doherty Askme Archive of Questions and Answers

Return to AskMe Archive Main Page

Return to Main PowerUsers.info Main Page



**********************************************************************

Category : Computer Hardware


QAId : 472634
Asker : ever1klera_
Subject : computer science
Private : No

Question : I'm a sinior at a high school in Texas.
Our techer asked us to research on Computer Science. He mainly means to serch the history that comperter science
has. Pauldohery I want to know information over the history of "computer science"?

Answer : That's a quite broad question - here are a few web sites dealing with various aspects of computer history:

http://www.llcc.cc.il.us/dbeverid/histintr.htm

http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/History/index.html

Let me know if you need more info...

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 472930
Asker : mmogrod1
Subject : Lost D Drive some how
Private : No

Question : Ok here it goes my sister has an old comp. its a Vextrec Model Gemma-40XD now i was reloadind windows 3.1 back in for her and all went well now i was loading some stuff for her from the c d roms like office works and clipart that went ok now after i put in soundblaster the D drive dissapeard and all i get is not able to run and the little icon of the d drive is gone how do i get it back and also how do i get it to start in windows instead of dos like she has been starting in. windows is so much easier. thank for any and all information. if you can explain step by step instructions on how to get it back it would be appreciated send all responces to me
MMogrod1@aol.com thank's again for any and all responces.

Answer : You said you are installing Windows 3.1 right? And that you lost the CD after installing the SoundBlaster? It sounds to me like the SoundBlaster is one of the older models that includes a CD-ROM (IDE) controller onboard. You need to disable that controller using the jumpers on the sound card. You may have to consult the manual but I doubt it - the settings for the CD-ROM are probably silkscreened (in white) on the card next to each jumper.

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 525122
Asker : Nijni
Subject : Cpu Intel pentium III 600e vs 600eb
Private : No

Question : Hi
Asus p2b-s Motherboard Bios ver.1011
Frequency multiple of 6x
Cpu Bus frequency of 100Mhz

Can I use a Pentium III 600eb (133Mhz)?

Will the speed be the same that whit a
600e(100Mhz)?

Sorry for my englis
Nijni
nomade24@hotmail.com


Answer : The simple answer to your question is that there will be a *slight* performance difference between running the 600E or a 600EB Pentium 3. Only slight because the only thing running faster will be the memory (and the AGP slot on a 440BX motherboard). Since the majority of the speed is garnered from high cache hits on L1 and L2 cache on-board the CPU which runs at 600Mhz in both cases, increasing the speed of the RAM to 133 will not help as much as you would hope.

The better answer is to put a 600E into your motherboard and run *that* with PC133 RAM at an FSB of 112, 124, or 133 - the highest you can stay stable at - as this FSB will still be multiplied by the same 6.0 multiplier giving you a large CPU & L1/L2 cache frequency increase. Just make sure you have a good cooling solution picked out.

For the easiest and best transition if you don't already have the CPU go here:

http://www.step-thermodynamics.com

These guys will sell you a 600E P3 *with* a cooling system (3 fans, bonded heat sink) and, best of all, they will *guarantee* the chip and cooling system for life to run at 800Mhz! (6.0 x 133 FSB)

Paul Doherty
Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 527649
Asker : magdy4
Subject : login script
Private : No

Question : how can i write a batch file to map a network drive in nt logi script

Answer : Make a .BAT file in \WINNT\SYSTEM32\REPL\IMPORT\SCRIPTS and include the line:

net use x: \\server\share

where "x" is the drive letter on the client you want the server share mapped to...

Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : thanks paul. but i have another ?
how can i use the if statment in the batch file to map a group of users to a network drive , and map other group of users to a another network drive i need to know the syntax of the if statment

Answer : Here's an example of how to customize for individual users or groups. In the following lines of the logon script you will map a user to his own home dir (if it's specified in his user information - check User Manager) and then will execute the \logon\local.bat which can contain the actual "net use" commands.


echo Setting your home drive...
net use h: /home /yes

echo Running your local logon script...
if exist h:\logon\local.bat call h:\logon\local.bat


Another way to approach it is to place a text file for each group you care about on each client machine and test for the existence with 'if':

For example for a group named "Marketing" you might create an empty text file called "mktg" and place it in the user's \WINDOWS dir (or even their home dir on the network for safekeeping). Then you can test during the logon script to see if the user is a member of that group and others and run the appropriate mappings if they are:

@echo off
REM Example logon script to map based on groups
if exist c:\windows\mktg call \\server\netlogon\mktg.bat
if exist c:\windows\sales call \\server\netlogon\sales.bat

and so on...

Then the "mktg.bat" and "sales.bat" could look like:

mktg.bat:

@echo off
net use M: \\server\mktgstuff
net use N: \\server\mktgstufftoo

sales.bat:

@echo off
net use S: \\server\salesstuff
net use T: \\server\salesstufftoo

I hope this helps you out...

Paul Doherty

Paul Doherty





FUQuestion : thank you paul i will try it. but what if i want to use the (if member statment)i konw how to use it in novell script but in nt it does give me hard time
like if member of group name then map or net use, i need the syntax for it thank you

Answer : The standard Windows 98 'if' does not support that syntax. Here are the arguments it accepts:

C:\WINDOWS>if /?
Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

IF [NOT] ERRORLEVEL number command
IF [NOT] string1==string2 command
IF [NOT] EXIST filename command

NOT Specifies that Windows should carry out the command only
if the condition is false.
ERRORLEVEL number Specifies a true condition if the last program run returned
an exit code equal to or greater than the number specified.
command Specifies the command to carry out if the condition is
met.
string1==string2 Specifies a true condition if the specified text strings
match.
EXIST filename Specifies a true condition if the specified filename
exists.


As you see you have a file existing test and string comparisons. Unless the user's groups exist in an environment variable at logon-time (none exist on my machine after a logon - type 'set' by itself to see the env vars that are in effect).

One way to accomplish what you're after is to associate the user's names with a particular-named logon script:

http://www.jsiinc.com/TIP0100/rh0198.htm

And finally another way to do it wis with the Windows Scripting Host. If the clients run 98 or 2000 they already have it - if not 95 can have it added



Here's an example logon script that checks to see what groups a user is a member of and runs the approriate section for each group. So a user who is in the groups "Domain Admins" and "London" would end up being mapped to the appropriate locations at the bottom. (You can also make this more like what you've been saying by adding the "net use" commands you want for each group into the Select Case "Case" sections for each group name - then if a user was a ember of 4 groups all 4 of those sections would be run and he would end up with all the mappings (and only the mappings) for those 4 groups.



Do While User = ""
User = WSHNetwork.UserName
Loop

Set UserObj = GetObject("WinNT://Your_Domain/" & User)
For Each Group In Userobj.groups
Select Case Group.Name

Case "Domain Admins"
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "Z:","\\NT40PDC\C$"

Case "London"
sLOGONSERVER = BDCLON

Case "NewYork"
sLOGONSERVER = BDNY

Case "Hongkong"
sLOGONSERVER = BDCHK
End Select
Next


WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "H:", sLOGONSERVER & "\" & User
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "M:",sLOGONSERVER & "\Mame"
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "P:",sLOGONSERVER & "\Pool"


To use this kind of script you simple create a container BAT file on the server in the normal path, but have it call this .VBS file:

logon.bat:

c:\windows\command\cscript.exe logon.vbs


with logon.vbs containing the code above...


Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : hi paul i have another ?when i map users to the network drive using net use for nt it does work and it will map the drive , but only if i made the user equal to administrator, and if i do not make the the user not equal to administrator it does not work even if they have all right to that drive mapping
i don,t know why
thank you

Answer : It sounds like you have a rights issue - be sure and check both the SHARE rights as well as the NTFS permissions. They interact in sometimes strange ways so you may have the share open to the user but in actuality be restricting access via NTFS permissions such that only Administrator can get in.

Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : hi paul i have another ?
i have a problem when i try to break a mirror set in nt 4.o , it tell nt cant not break the mirror set while it initialyze
magdy thankyou

Answer : Try following this step-by-step approach (it assumes you are using IDE drives):

http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q141/7/02.asp?LN=EN-US&SD=gn&FR=0

You need to rate this answer - an important part of the question/answer cycle here on AskMe.com.

Paul Doherty

Answer : Please don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com...

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, B.A.Sc.
http://members.home.net/iqueue


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 623678
Asker : reeftank
Subject : over clock
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul, John again. The best I could do is 105mh FSB which equates to 523mh processor. @ 110 I get the message, Primary Master S.M.A.R.T. Command Failed and thats as far as it will go. I tried bumping the multiplyer to 5.5 @ 105 and got to it seeing the primary master and then stop, would not boot to windows. It said that it went to 600mh AMD, that does not compute to me. No pun intended. Thanks again, John. PS I am giving you the highest rating, hope it helps!!

Answer : You're welcome - I'm glad to help!

Going to rate this one too? hehe

Paul Doherty
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 625011
Asker : reeftank
Subject : Phone
Private : Yes

Question : I would love to talk on the phone if thats in the cards. I will call you or you can call me 509.682.0185. Thanks, John

Answer : At the least we have email - bitbucket911@home.com is mine. feel free to drop me a line...

Paul Doherty


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 669983
Asker : theboss@...
Subject : File rights on Novell
Private : No

Question : Why must you have ERASE in file rights to create a file in Novell 4.11?

theboss@linuxfantast.nu

easec@algonet.se

Answer : You are probably using an application that in the background actually makes a duplicate of the file being worked on - without the create right it can't do this... here is more on this:

http://support.novell.com/cgi-bin/search/search.pl?database_name=kb&type=HTML&docid=%03%81%08F108049%3a956058960%3a%20%28%20erase%20right%20file%20create%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20productClass%20%3d%20%28%22NetWare%22%20%22Novell%20Directory%20Services%22%29%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20docGroup%20%3d%20%280%29%20%29%20%20%07%01%00&byte_count=4206

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 731796
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : PC133 memory compatability
Private : No

Question : I am looking to increase my memory from 64 to 128 MB and want to buy PC133 memory so I can also use it with a future 133 MHz motherboard upgrade. My "external clock speed" is currently 66 MHz, but can be set to 75 MHz through the jumpers. I heard something about possible problems with PC133 memory not refreshing often enough on slower boards like mine (66 MHz, and can be jumpered up to 75 MHz). I'm not very knowledgable about these things- will the PC133 memory work on my system, or do I need to stick with the 66 MHz I currently have? If it helps, I have a PC Chips M571 motherboard with a TXPRO-II chipset and a K6 233 processor. (PC Chips doesn't answer their email & the company who assembled my computer is out of business). Thanks.

Answer : I don's forsee a problem there - running memory slower than it's rated speed can't cause any problems in my experience. Go for it...

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 767160
Asker : PC_Kitty
Subject : A stupid computer
Private : No

Question : Please bear with me and the long question that follows, but I'd really like an expert opinion on it. I've already asked several of my more computer-friendly friends, but they haven't a clue as to why the following has happened......

I just bought a S$4,588 Acer computer. It's a 128 MB RAM Pentium III 800 MHz, and it's also giving me a big headache. (Purchased it 15/3 this year but ever since then it's been problematic. The techies at Acer won't help. They're always busy.)

I noticed when I first bought the computer that it didn't seem right. Here's an example: when I used the dial-up networking to dial into my Internet account and got connected, instead of disappearing, the "connecting to xxx account" box at the bottom of the screen (on the taskbar) became empty and remained there! This ALWAYS happens when I dial in and get connected - the box doesn't disappear; it just becomes an empty box and I'll have to click it for it to go away.

And there was once I had another task running at the same time as when I got connected; the boxes at the bottom of the taskbar multiplied! So I ended up with loads of empty boxes on my taskbar at the bottom of the screen and had to click on each one for each to go away!!!!

Can you please tell me why this is so??? Is there something wrong with my system? Is it the fault of the computer or the software?

OK...second problem. Sometimes my computer just can't shut down!!! There was once I shut down my computer, but it just got stuck at the "Windows is shutting down" screen (the one with blue sky 'n' all)!!! And I didn't know till the next day till I went to go turn on my computer and found out it had never shut down!!!!!! AND this has happened about 12 times in total!!!! Why? Should I call the techies??? But it doesn't always happen, see. Also, when this shutdown failure happens, I have to switch off the main power switch, then switch on my comp again. This'll damage the harddrive right??? And imagine, I've had to do it so many times.

Third problem. There was this one time I switched on the computer, and it just jammed! It got stuck at the Windows sky screen, and just wouldn't respond. I had to switch it off (from the main switch), then switch it on again.

4th problem. This happened once only too. I was using the computer and had just dialled in to check e-mail. I opened Eudora. Then all of a sudden, the whole system became VERY SLOW. And I mean VERY slow. It was like it suddenly became busy or something, and my mouse movement was slow and stilted. And when I typed an e-mail, the words came out on the screen very slowly. Then all of a sudden, my computer hung. Why?

I must mention that all these times when I restarted my comp from the main switch, ScanDisk was run and found NO problems with my harddrive. None were reported, at least. But there's also something puzzling: there was once I switched off the computer from the main switch, but when I switched it on again, there was no ScanDisk run. Usually when your comp is shut down the wrong way, a starting screen will tell you and ScanDisk will automatically be run, but not this time. Why?

Finally, there is this "Pikachu" game programme (it's an exe file) that I run and sometimes while playing halfway the system tells me an invalid page error has occurred or something. Also, this reminds me that I was flashed an error message on a blue screen 3 times when my computer suddenly hung on a few occasions. The error message says that a "fatal exception has occurred at OE...." (I can't remember the rest), and it hangs there. Also, the system tends to be very easily prone to hanging, or jamming, or refusing to shut down.

HELP!!!!!!!!!!!!

Thanks!!!! In case you're wondering how come I paid so much for this dumb computer, I don't live in the US, that's why. I sure wish I did.

Answer : As for the shutdown issues try disabling the "fast shutdown":

Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/System Information

Then choose Tools/System Configuration Utility

and from the general tab click the Advanced button and check the box for "Disable fast shutdown".

This sounds like a new system (which hopefully you have not installed too many programs or data to). The problems you're experiencing sound very much like hardware issues or, more likely, driver issues. The first thing to try is to obtain the latest video and audio drivers for those components in your system. You should be able to get these direct from Acer's web site. Barring that, or if that doesn't fix your system, backup any data you may have on the system that is irreplaceable and use the recovery CD to rebuild the machine from scratch (assuming Acer provides such a disk - most manufacturers do). At that point with a new clean system keep it simple and don't start loading a bunch of new apps immediately. Use it for a few days and note any strange behaviors (like the ones you're complaining about now). If they still occur you can jump on Acer and tell them that with their own clean install (and nothing else) the system still exhibits XYZ symptoms. At that point you have a strong case for there being something wrong with the hardware and may be able to get a replacement unit. From your description, however, I suspect that the problem is either driver or software-related so I expect that the clean build from CD will remedy your problems.

Paul Doherty

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 2.2
Rating : 2.2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 917566
Asker : dfresh
Subject : motherboard compatible
Private : No

Question : I am wonderering what kind of: memory, hard drive,cdrw, dvd player, graphics excelerator, network card, ect... specifications I need for an Apollo Pro 133A chipset motherboard?

Answer : You are basically wide open for these kinds of devices, with a few specifics:

1) get an AGP video card - the best are based on NVidia's GeForce 256 chipset - be sure and get one that has DDR memory if you can afford it.

2) On hard disks you will be looking for ATA-66 IDE drives - look for spindle speeds of 7200RPM for the best performance.

3) For memory you will probably be after PC133 or PC150 DIMMs - try here:

http://www.step-thermodynamics.com/Memories.htm

(P.S. you don't need the ECC type)

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, B.A.Sc.
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2025242
Asker : jcatena
Subject : boot up
Private : No

Question : asked this question on 7/18/2000:
I recently installed IE 5.5 browser, upgrading from 5.0. I downloaded it from the Microsoft site.
My computer has been very sluggisg since then.
Takes much longer to boot, endless booting noise until the desktop appears. Also takes much longer to acess my mail (Outlook Express) then before.
I have a cable modem.Now when I visit a site the first one takes long (45sec) then after the first connection it is very fast.
I have run scan disc, defraged, eliminated temporarary internet files and tried to do other cleaning but the problem persists. I would love to go back to my Internet Explorer 5.0 browser.
Is there some way to correct this. The computer is definitely acting differently and I have to attribute the problem to the new browser which included a 128 encrpt ?????
Thanks for your help






Answer : If you'll go back to the Windows Update site (Start/Windows Update), then click on Product Updates, then on "Show Installed Updates" you should see the IE5.5 and Internet Tools that you installed and next to it an "uninstall" link. You know what to do from there...

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2062901
Asker : PDJohnson
Subject : DVD Performance
Private : No

Question : Would a PC with 64MB RAm and Celeron 500 be able to play a movie DVD full screen OK ?

Answer : The primary consideration will be your video card. If your video card is fast enough you can play them just fine. Even if your video card isn't up to snuff you can pick up a dedicated decoder card to use with your DVD-ROM drive for cheap and will make just about any PC into a DVD-playing beast (as it takes the processing loadd off the CPU/video card).

Here's the most popular one - the Hollywood Plus:

http://www.computers4sure.com/Product.asp?ProductID=6426

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2092510
Asker : tamccann
Subject : sony PCG505HE trackpad
Private : No

Question : I have a sony PCG-Z505HE laptop with a track pad.

I use an external mouse (logitech) that is hooked up to the "external" peripherial box/connector.

I recently had upgraded to win 2000 and the machine is working well, but I have a problem with the mouse/trackpad relationship.

I want the system to determine when I have an external mouse connected and then temporarily "disable" the track pad. This is the way it worked when I got the machine and was using Win 98. I have had a look around the control panels and cannot find anywhere to change settings on the track pad.

My question: how can I change the settings on the track pad to accomplish the desired result?

I have accessed the bios and do not see where to change it here either. If the bois is the right place, let me know where it is.

UPDATE: I have upgraded the bios to work with Win 2000 and still cannot find the right place to configure the trackpad.

Answer : Most notebook trackpads are treated as normal mice, so you won't find any special settings for them.

The default operation of most notebooks is to make the external mouse the active one *if* it's connected when you boot *and* if you don't touch the trackpad. Once you touch the trackpad inside Windows the driver will begin accepting data from there. With my notebook I get it back to the external mouse at that point by hitting ESC and then moving the external mouse on it's pad.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : i did not have this problem when i had 98 on the machine. whenever the external mouse was connected. once connected, it disable the trackpad until the mouse was unplugged. that is what i want to happen now.

any more ideas? thanks for your work already.

in addition, i have posted this question on the Earthweb Knowledge Market (http://knowledgemarket.earthweb.com) so if you can correctly answer there, I will pay you a bit of money.

Answer : As for this enabled and dominant when plugged in, this would be a driver support function. If the driver you're using doesn't support this feature you won't be able to do it. Contact either the notebook manufacturer or the mouse manufacturer and see if either can provide you with a driver that has this ability.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2190604
Asker : davidzach
Subject : usb root hub
Private : No

Question : Hello and thanks for reading. I have a Gateway 2150 Solo Laptop, two months old, running win 98 SE. In Device Manager, my USB Root Hub has an exlamation mark in front of it under universal serial bus controllers. Also under universal serial bus controllers is: "intel 82371 ab/eb pci to usb universal host controller"(it has NO exclamation mark in front of it). I removed both and did a restart several times and the exclamation mark is still in front of the usb root hub. I even went into device manager/system devices and removed the pci bus and restarted thusly reinstalling all of the computer systems drives and the exclamation mark is still there. Gateway tells me I must reformat the hard drive. I really don't want to do this unless this is the last alternative. I remember going into safe mode and the exclamation mark wasn't there. But when I rebooted in normal phase, the mark reappeared. Please let me know your thoughts and thanks for your time.

DavidZach@hotmail.com

Answer : You either have a conflict (with the IRQ the USB uses) or you need to check your BIOS settings to ensure USB is enabled.

To inspect the IRQ situation:

Double-click the USB (!) device. Read what it says the device it is conflicting with is and either move the other device to a different IRQ or enter the BIOS (DEL at boot-time) and tell the system to NOT use an IRQ for USB.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



Rating : 3.1
Rating : 3.1


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2237137
Asker : lee_jia_en
Subject : DOS
Private : No

Question : 1)How does DOS works?

2)What is a DOS?

3)What is the differences between MS-DOS and DOS?

4)Without DOS can the operating system works?Why?

5)Are DOS important?

Answer : DOS is just a program, like any other. It's purpose is far different than most programs and it functions at a different level than most. It's purpose is to provide access to the machine's hardware abilities for both the user and user programs.

DOS simply stands for "Disk Operating System" and can loosely be applied to *any* operating environment, though it's most commonly meant to imply MS-DOS (MicroSoft DOS). So there are no differences between "DOS" and "MS-DOS".

DOS *is* the operating system in the case of systems running pure DOS or Windows 3.x - in the case of Windows 95 and 98 (and Millenium) DOS is still there too, but buried under a layer of additional OS code provided to help "GUIfy" the whole environment. Windows NT and Windows 2000 do not have DOS as a basis for their environments but have a similar code base/GUI code that is their foundation.

Without these operating environments we could not use computers as we do today and would be back to using punched-card programs or worse. They are the backbone of a computer system.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2238770
Asker : bill_lautsch
Subject : kb\interface error
Private : No

Question : Hi again,

I picked up a used PC yesterday, added a keyboard, cdrom, reformatted the hardrive, and got it to work fine. This morning I turned it on and I get the message "KB\interface error" or "Keyboard error"
with "Press F1 to resume". I switched the keyboard with one that I know works and get the same message. I checked the connection to make sure it is snug, and it is. I changed some things in the BIOS yesterday, but it worked fine then.
Any ideas?

Answer : In the amin screen of your BIOS (where the disks get configured) there should be a setting for "Halt on" errors - select "none" and see if the problems go away.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2251330
Asker : lee_jia_en
Subject : Windows and DOS
Private : No

Question : 1)Why windows depends on DOS?How?

2)What is DMA controller?

3)What is a driver?

4)What the driver do and how it works?

5)What is the difference between driver and controller?

6)What is a controller and how it works?

Answer : 1) Windows began life as an add-on to DOS - you would boot to DOS and, only if you needed Windows, would type "win" to enter it. Therefore Windows has always been reliant on that layer of DOS beneath it, except in the case of the version of Windows that were "clean-room-designed" to not have it from the beginning.

2) A DMA controller is a Direct Memory Access device - simply a device that can move data to and from itself without the CPU needing to play traffic cop.

3) A driver is a piece of software (or firmware if on an EPROM chip) that controls, or provides an interface to, a hardware device.

4) Answered in #3 above - a driver works by issuing low-level hardware calls (or direct hardware access) not generally used or available to standard applications.

5) A driver is a piece of code (example video card driver, sound card driver) - a controller is a piece of hardware (example - IDE controller, floppy disk controller).

6) Answered in #5 - a controller is any hardware device that allows access to another hardware device.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2528595
Asker : qw3rtyop
Subject : sound recorder
Private : No

Question : When it comes to recording from my mic, everything is correctly checked in volume control,properties,recording options etc.Mic is connected into PC properly. So when it comes to recording on Sound Recorder(win98), I click the record button and a box pops up saying 'Your audio hardware cannot record into files like the current file. To record create a new document'. Whats going on?
- Do I need Sound Recorder as my default audio player?
- If I need to, how do I create a new document?
I also can't record messages on ICQ, because it apparently can't record because another recording application is running. But I don't know what it's on about.
Please help. I'm at my wits end.

Answer : It sounds like you have an application loaded that is interfering. Check your systray (bottom-right icons) for any sound-related programs and stop any that appear suspicious. Then press CTRL-ALT-DEL once and stop and programs in there except Explorer and Systray. Then try your recording and let me know if it still fails - if it does I'd suggest you try upgrading your audio drivers here:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/sound.html

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2643265
Asker : dave4500
Subject : Graphics
Private : Yes

Question : Hi
Thanks for your response. It does not give me the option to shange to anything. It stays on 640x480. I know it never used to do this. I do agree with you about the cause being a game though. Seems those things cause more harm than good. Any other suggestions PLEASE!!!
Dave

Answer : Well if your only option is 640x480 you are in one of two situations:

1) booting in "Safe" mode
2) Video adapter is messed up/changed or monitor definition is wrong.

Check to be sure the type of adapter and monitor under Display is correct, and that you are not in Safe mode.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2686966
Asker : xopet
Subject : Video Card support Maya and "Everquest"
Private : No

Question : I am currently using some animation package (Maya, 3d Studio Max and softimage), and my video card is "oxygen VX1". But when i try to install "Everquest", the game that i purchase, it crash!

I think my video card does not fit into the gaming. But I want to know which video card to fit into both animation and gaming. and where could i check the price? is there any warehouse in Vanouver, BC that I could order from?

Answer : Make sure you have:

1) The latest drivers from your card's manufacturer

2) The latest DirectX (http://www.microsoft.com/directx)

If these items are in place and you still can't get it to run I'd suggest any GeForce 256 or GeForce 2 GTS video card - they have more than enough bandwidth and features for either task.

Here's some information:

http://www.americas.creative.com/graphics/3db-annihilator2/welcomemain.html


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2883352
Asker : jj4
Subject : IEAK
Private : Yes

Question : Dear Expert,

Where can I get IEAK? Do you know how much it cost? Where can I find any information on how to use this product? Thanks.

Answer : Here you go:

http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ieak/en/default.asp

Please do not ask questions as private that do not need to be!

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3104931
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : NT 4.0 WORKSTATION
Private : No

Question : Hello, please help me understand the following:-

What is password caching?.

can you also kindly tell me how i could find out about my network configuration using dos commands.

Answer : By "password caching" I'm going to assume you mean the ability of Windows to keep the password you type in and apply it automatically behind the scenes to other logins. This happens, for example, when you are logging into both an NT Server (PDC) and a Netware server. If the IDs and passwords are kept in sync with each other you will only have to answer one password prompt, and Windows will apply the ID and password to the second server automatically. If the ID/PWs are not the same you will be required to answer both dialogs (since the background attempt failed).

One of the most useful information-gathering tools in DOS is the ipconfig command. Open a DOS prompt under Windows and type:

ipconfig /all

This will list out all your adapters (NIC or dial-up) and their IP information

Also try:

netstat -a

This shows the remote machines you are connected to and on what ports.

and this one:

net /?

This can be used to map drives to remote shares, or display shares on other machines, etc...

ex
net use t: \\otherpc\share1

maps drive letter T: to the "share1" share on the machine named "otherpc".

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hello, please help me understand DNS and its realtionship with NetBios?.



Many Many Thanks

Answer : NetBIOS has no real relationship with DNS - DNS exists to resolve internet names/IPs to IPs/names and NetBIOS is a way to name Windows machines. These machine names are resolved by a different proprietary service, WINS (Windows Internet name Services), running on an NT server. WINS is used for example when you try to hit a share on another machine using a UNC name (like \\othermachinename\share). You *can* choose to have NetBIOS names resolved via DNS but this can only work when the DNS entries are the same as the workstation name.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3185512
Asker : zeus54
Subject : pci not working
Private : No

Question : HI, i have got motherboard 6bx/via/zx81.
But the PCI slots do not work... i put a TV tuner&internal modem, it doesn't recognize them...
there is a message :"pci communication device not working" i check the driver. It is not working. I couldn't make it work. It seems the driver is not included in the Windows98SE disk...how can I make it work???

Answer : There may have been some needed drivers included with your motherboard - find the CD that came with the motherboard and install it's PCI drivers.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3210029
Asker : niilo
Subject : Usb disk killed IBM 320 GL?!
Private : No

Question : I have an external usb-cabinet - with custom drivers - to transport data between Win98-pc's. I hooked my external disk to an IBM 320GL pc (Celeron 333, Win98) and installed it without problems. Then, I tried removing some garbage files on the usb disk and everything froze. The usb disk works great at home, btw..

Now, the IBM pc won't boot at all - no sign of life in the diskette drive, either, just a slight hum.. I took out the main disk and it's okay; I also removed the BIOS backup battery, then replaced it but that didn't make any difference.

Any suggestions welcome!
Rgds
/Niilo

Need More Information : Still working on that same disk cabinet, my friend?

So the IBM machine won't boot with, or without the USB drive cabinet connected?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Paul,

I'n not going to give up that usb disk :) I've put too much effort into it..

Unfortunately, the IBM is all dead now!

/Niilo

FUQuestion : ..regardless of the usb drive, that is..


Answer : I'm sorry to hear that... stop it before it kills again! ;-)

What can I do to help?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Is it really *possible* that the usb interface somehow messed up the BIOS in that (old) IBM pc? It just seems so weird!

No tricks to try to get some life into the poor pc?!

P.S. Maybe the usb disk is a killer, but it also does a really good job of transporting some 16Gb of data..

/Niilo

Answer : If the system is dead it's kind of hard to deny *something* has happened to it. Whether the USB is to blame... well I doubt it.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3899292
Asker : dpendergrass
Subject : Unix
Private : No

Question : Can you tell me what the sleep means and run means when looking in "top"?

Answer : "sleep" would be an app that is resident in memory, but not currently using CPU time. "run" (if it's what I'm thinking you mean) is the amount of CPU time (xx:xx) that the process has used.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Another question is there a website that I go to for answers to any unix question?

And what do the TTY means for example

ttyq0
ttyq5
ttyp8

Thank You

Answer : "tty" is short for "tele-typewriter", an anachronism of the early days of computing where your output device was a teletype machine (printer).

Try the following sites for info:

http://www.sunguru.com
http://www.sunfreeware.com


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4324091
Asker : Agency
Subject : Frisco & Physics
Private : Yes

Question : My apologies. When you said Frisco, I thought you meant the place in California.

I can still help you find a good local Realtor if you would be willing to speak with me. Real estate always requires some personal contact. I can promise that you will not be 'badgered' but will get assistance and information.

What would a few "bad clusters" on the hard drive indicate?

Happy holidays.

Agency

Answer : They could be logical errors, which only means some data has gotten "scrambled" perhaps by a power outage or improper shutdown during a disk write, or it could be a physical error on the disk surface. If it's a physical error then data can no longer be safely stored in that area of the disk and those sectors in the bad area need to be marked as bad so the disk won't attempt to use them anymore. Run a scandisk (Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Scandisk) with advanced proerties set to scan surface area (do it at night as this may take a long time). Also be sure to shut down ALL applications (including those that reside in your systray at the bottom-right of your screen) before starting as any disk activity by an app causes scandisk to start over again. If a systray app will not quit nicely you can press CTRL-ALT-DEL and kill all apps listed except explorer and systray. This will have no effect on subsequent reboots, only on the currently-running apps.

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCSE/MCP+I
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : Thank you. The pc is still under warrantee. Are the bad clusters so important that I should have them fixed?

You haven't changed your mind about getting a professional Realtor opinion, have you?

Happy holidays.
Rating : 5

FUQuestion : BTW, did I thank you for the advice? It had not occured to me to shut down the little programs in the systems tray and I do have a bunch of them.

I am gonna try your way over the weekend.

Answer : You should certainly attempt to fix the bad sectors by running the "thorough" scandisk option. The alternative would be to live with it and it would surely cause corruption of data stored there. If the fix is ineffective (i.e. the drive is dying and more bad sectors will appear) it will be time to jump off the sinking ship by grabbing what data you can't replace (documents you've made - hopefully all stored in C:\MY DOCUMENTS) and get a new drive.

We are looking at some new homes in our area and haven't yet found the one we like. Until we find that we won't be moving on the selling portion. When/if we get to that stage we may call upon you again, thanks!

Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4574494
Asker : geller99
Subject : Windows ME SWAP file
Private : No

Question : OK. To reiterate, I recently installed Windows ME and now I am thinking I made a mistake. When I try to uninstall the application, I get a message that I may have to revise my SWAP file. I have no idea what this is and when I run a search I can't find it, therefore I am reluctant to take Windows ME out for fear I may screw something up. Have you any idea what this SWAP file is and do you think I would be asking for trouble if I try to uninstall Windows Me? I have heard of other people having problems with ME.

Thanks for your help.

Answer : Your PC uses a swap file as virtual RAM (the solid-state memory in your PC). This allows you to run bigger applications, or more of them, than your actual RAM would allow. The swap file is literally just a file on your hard disk for this purpose. To effectively remove it so the uninstall can take place (assuming it wants it gone) right-click your My Computer icon and select Properties. Then go to the Performance tab and select Virtual Memory. Disable the virtual memory and reboot, then run the Windows ME uninstall.

If Windows ME isn't doing it for you, I see no harm or danger in uninstalling it.

The above steps were based on my knowledge of Windows 98 and should apply, but since I've not spent very much time with ME (since I dislike it too :-) you may find the virtual memory settings elsewhere in the control panels.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5164322
Asker : dpayment@...
Subject : My 8X CD-ReWriter won't work at 8X
Private : No

Question : I've been using my CD-ROM burner now for about 6 months and what I've noticed is that regardless of the CD creation software I use (Hotburn V2.0, EZ-CD Creator V3.5, or NTI CD Creator 2000), the system will not write CDs at 8 speed, although the drive specs say it should. I've tried all the software settings and configurations settings I can think of, but obviously, I'm missing something. Anyone have any suggestions?

My system is the following:

ASUS K7V motherboard
Athlon 750 (old slot A Athlon)
250MBytes of PC-133 RAM
Quantum 13GByte 7200RPM primary on Primary IDE
Quantum 18GByet 7200RPM slave on Primary IDE
Pioneer DVD-114 Primary on secondary IDE
LGE CED-8080B (CD-RW) slave on secondary IDE
Iomega internal ZIP on add-in internal IDE controller card (can't remember make or model)
ASUS AGP-6800 GeForce 32MByte video card
SoundBlaster Live Value

Thanks,
Dan

Answer : You said CD-Rewriter so I'm going to assume you are trying to burn CDRWs but nonetheless your problem may be nothing more than a media problem. Try buying some 12X or 16X CDRs and burn one of them at 8X. The CD burners can detect the speed of the media - I have a Plextor and it can write at 10X to CDRWs but if I put an older CDRW in it will not let me select above 2X or 4X.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5206955
Asker : someone101
Subject : HELP ME
Private : Yes

Question : Hi ,

I hope you can help me with my problem,

in my country there are many sites blocked,yes many .

how can i access these sites?

somebody told me that you can change the proxy and the port in the setting ?

is that true ?

and if so can you help me by instructions?

I am really need to access many sites that banned her in my country !!!

Thanks and sorry about disturbance

Answer : If you are setup to use a proxy server you can bypass it in Internet Explorer by going to the Tools menu and choosing Options. Then choose the Connections tab, and then click on LAN Settings near the bottom. Inside there will be the proxy information - write it down and then remove it all and uncheck all the boxes. Now you should be going direct to the internet. Now if your ISP blocks access to certain sites by IP or doesn't make them available for lookup in DNS you have a far worse situation and will be unlikely to gain access to those sites.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilit


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5480394
Asker : jim2pat
Subject : computer memory
Private : No

Question : can I mix pc100 and pc133 memory on the same pc

Answer : Sure, as long as you run both at the slowest-rated RAM's speed, 100Mhz in this case.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5500107
Asker : jimjacobson
Subject : computer won't defrag disc
Private : No

Question : when I try to defrag the disk on my notebook it says "checking disc for errors" for 12 hours and only gets up to 3%. What do I need to do to defrag this disc?

Answer : Make sure no other tasks are running - you have something running that makes it restart over and over again each time the disk contents get changed. Close all apps (including those on the systray at the bottom-right). Then press CTRL-ALT-DEL once and in the list that comes up End Task on all except "Explorer" and "Systray". Then start your defrag.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4.9
Rating : 4.9
Rating : 4.9


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5611222
Asker : haidar06
Subject : Computer subsystems
Private : No

Question : HI,

The following site which I have visited does describe each Brake's subsystem.
(http://www.autoshop-online.com/auto101/brake.htm)
Can you please tell me where can I find similar address related to the subsystems of the Computer, if not can you please give me a description of the subsystems of the Computer.
Thanks for your help.

Answer : Try this site:

http://www.magicnet.net/~ericwat/buypc.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5704078
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Printer's switch box...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

i have purchased a printer switch box (manual),
so i can use two printers with one PC (dot-matrix
& laser printer). The sales rep said the manual
switch could damage the laser printer, and wanted
me to buy the automatic switch instead. Is that
true? also, when i switch the box between choice
"a" or "b" to select a printer, do i need also to
let windows set the default printer first, or it
does not matter with the switch??
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : I think the manual will be fine - just be sure you use bi-directional parallel cables at all points in the setup.

As for letting Windows know - there should be no need as long as you don't switch out during an actual print session.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5731212
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using switch box to print...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

after installing and using a manual switch box
to print from a dot-matrix and a laser printer,
the switch box is causing a big delay to the print
job before it send it to the printer. Is that a
normal attribute of a switch, or am i doing
some thing wrong? Can the delay be shortened?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Need More Information : What happens if you print to the printer the switch box was set to when your first booted? Does it print fast? Did you get bi-directional cables for all connections (pc to box, box to printer)?

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

before using the switch, the printer was printing
fast. rebooting does not speed the print process,
and all the cables are bi-directional IEEE 1284.
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : Well since we know that:

Windows is OK
Printer and drivers are OK

We must then suspect the switch box itself or the cables (are they capable of bi-directional transfers?). I would try another switch box if you can return the one you have now. Another thing you may want to try is a print from pure DOS. Reboot and hold CTRL key until the menu appears, then select Command Prompt Only. Once it's done try printing a small text file like c:\autoexec.bat:

copy c:\autoexec.bat lpt1:

(you may have to press the eject button on the printer to get it to spit it out - no formfeed or linefeed will get sent this way)


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5747847
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using switch box to print...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

i found out why the print job was having a delay!!
its the dot-matrix printer! ("new" epson 570e).
i got it connected directly to the pc, and it had
a delay of 7 seconds before started to print. Is
there a button or switch to set the default value
for that time delay?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : I'm glad you sorted it out! I don't know of any switches specific to that printer (my, 7 seconds - you are in a hurry! :-) but you may try looking in the properties for it - there are some spool settings where you can set the printer to start printing as soon as spooling starts, or to wait for the whole job to be spooled before starting (which may be where you are set now).


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5777290
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Replacing Hard Drive
Private : No

Question : Hello,

OS: WIN98SE

I have a 20Gig hard drive that is almost full. Is there a way to transfer my complete
Operating System and my programs and files from my 20Gig hard drive to my new 40Gig
hard drive, without having to reinstall everything such as drivers, programs et.?
After reading some answer on this site, they are not quite as detailed for what I want to
do. I don’t want to Partition the hard drive, I only want to Fdisk and Format and install
the complete system from the 20Gig to the 40Gig. I don’t know exactly how to do this.

Please give me a detailed answer to this question.

Thank You,

L. H.

Answer : Download a trial version, or purchase a complete version of Ghost. Once you get ghost put it on a DOS bootable floppy (create one from Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs/Startup Disk). Make sure you have the new hard drive installed along with the old one (you will need to set the jumpers on both drives correctly, with the old drive being the "master" and the new drive being the "slave". Once this is correct you also need to enter your BIOS and ensure that both drives are set to "Auto" for detection - you usually enter the BIOS through a keyboard keypress during the memory test.

Boot from the boot floppy that has Ghost on it and once you're at a prompt type "ghost" to load the Ghost utility. Then select Local/Disk/to Disk and copy from the old (smaller) disk to the new.

ftp://ftp.utas.edu.au/sw-distribution/site-licences/PC/ghost/v5.1c-sp1/ghost.exe


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : I could not access that site

Answer : Try this one:

ftp://ftp.intcon.net/users/athorn/ghost5/ghost.exe


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5804625
Asker : rosefam
Subject : Hardware Problem
Private : No

Question : I have a hardware problem with my Cellron 433 Desktop PC.
Every few weeks or so, the following happens:
While using the computer (usually when I am on the internet ), the computer screen goes blank, and the computer starts making a series of long beeps separated by a few seconds of silence between the beeps. The screen remains blank.
The little red restart button fails to function and the only way that I can stop the beeping is by pulling out the electricity at the mains.
Then it will start up again normally.
What could be the matter ?



Answer : Sounds like one of two things:

1) Bad settings for power management - try disabling the Advanced Power Management in your BIOS - you enter the BIOS setup by pressing the indicated key.

2) Heat problem - I think this less likely but some motherboards have protection in the case of temperatures getting too high.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6121619
Asker : mickmack10
Subject : computers
Private : No

Question : could someone please tell me why I can burn a program onto a cd but my other computer will not read it?
I have taken the same cd to my friends place and it reads ok on their computers.
I might burn maybe six programs, on the cd but only some of them show up on the other computer.
I am using a IMATION burner in my pentium, but my Compaq will not read it.
Could someone help?

Answer : There are two reasons why this could be:

1) Bad media or your CD-ROM (reader) is too old to handle this dye color properly. If you're using a silver or other lighter dye try the blues or greens. I've had good luck with them. Upgrading your CD-ROM may be in order if the Compaq is very old (more than 3 years).

2) If the CDs you're burning to are CDRWs (erasable) then the problem can lie with driver support for older CD-ROM drives. Adaptec has a UDF (Universal Data Format) reader you can easily add here:

http://www-pc.uni-regensburg.de/hardware/STORAGE/ADAPTEC/udfread_v103_install.exe

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6121628
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : dialing up
Private : No

Question :
when I try to connect to internet using a dial-up and the line is busy or can not comnnect for other reasons, this dial up dialog appears and it will not automatically dial again after few seconds ( as used to happen when I had win 95 ). Now I have win 98 and this thing occurs. What to do to make it automatically dial again

Answer : Go to Start/Settings/Control Panel and then into Modems. Check in the properties for your modem - there should be a redial option there or in the properties for the Dial-Up Networking connection icon (My Computer/Dial-Up Networking) you use to connect.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6424257
Asker : bindi1965
Subject : External CD-ROM problem
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I have an external CD-ROM connected to the CPU via the parallel port. Problem is I can't get Win98 to recognize it. Windows does not detect it upon boot-up or even during new hardware search. What do I need to do to get it running?

Thanks.
Gill

Answer : There should have been a driver floppy or CD that came with it. You need to install those drivers. You can also get them from the manufacturer's web site. From the add new hardware control panel just choose the manual option and select Have Disk. Then use the browse option to point to the floppy or CD where the .INF file is and it will add the device.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4

Answer : I've never heard of a generic for parellel-connected drives. You could try these I found though:

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads3/2578.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads3/3100.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/6301.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/7346.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/8668.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/11705.html

http://www.nec.se/drivers/drivrutiner_cd_e.html






----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6496694
Asker : beansouper
Subject : CD burner problem
Private : No

Question : I have a an Acer CD burner (2x) that is not working. Had been working fine. Now I find that when I attempt to burn, I says "no disc". On the rare occasion that it does recognize a cd in it, it says cd is no good. But I know it is. It will also not read a cd-rom. It behaves as if no cd in it. I have since put this burner in a new computer and still getting same message. Is the burner shot? Need more info? Let me know.

Thanks.

Answer : It sounds like the drive is dying. It may be th result of "drift" on the optical assembly, where the laser is no longer properly aligned with the actuator arm and thus doesn't read the proper areas of the disk.

Your choices are to repair it or buy a new burner. Repair costs would run at least 100 dollars and you can buy a 24-speed burner now for 200 dollars, so you can see that buying makes more sense.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6603807
Asker : gwwoodcrafter
Subject : Monitor
Private : No

Question : Not always, but sometimes my monitor's green light blinks and the monitor stays black. If I wait, sometimes it corrects itself, but sometimes I have to re-boot to get it to activate. What is happening? And how do I correct it?

AMD Athlon 900, 512 SDRAM, 40 Gig harddrive, Win98 SE.

Answer : If this is happening after your system "goes to sleep" (after a period of inactivity) then you can very likely solve it by disabling the power management features inside your BIOS. This "go to sleep and never wakeup" effect is usually caused by Windows and the BIOS butting heads on who will do what with regard to power management.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6606014
Asker : gpeters45
Subject : ram memory
Private : No

Question : can I put in pc100 ram in a computer with front end bus speed of 133mhz?

Answer : Not if you're going to run it at 133Mhz.
Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6644408
Asker : tayley
Subject : printers
Private : Yes

Question : Hi, Paul...thanks for all your help. How do I persuade my HP Deskjet 400 to print text only, and save my cartridge? I hope I don't have to save the website as "text only" first.

Answer : You could press CTRL-A to put the webpage into the clipboard, press CTRL-ESC to open the start menu, select Run and type in wordpad and hit ENTER, then press CTRL-V and print.

I'm not familiar with that printer, so I can't say if you can force it to print a webpage as anything but a graphic.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6653976
Asker : tayley
Subject : ...more info...
Private : Yes

Question : 1)Yes, I want to install the Flash animation package.
2) I want to load the CD into their PC, spend lots of time learning it, yet avoid anyone finding out that I'm doing it. They may not mind, but then again they might. The CD has been scanned by Norton...no virus. I want to be able to spend all of that time constructively, not just sitting there, vegetating. My intentions are quite harmless.
3) Forget about the "sleep" button. I learned how to use it...quite simple. It just startled me that the LCD below it was on today, and I've never noticed that before, and I used the fax feature extensively yesterday. I thought the two might somehow be connected.
4) There is an option in internet options (internet explorer) where you can, among other things, deselect show images, disable cookies, etc., and also disable "accept programs on demand", or something like that. Supposedly someone can tiptoe into your sys, and enable this feature for you, then control your PC remotely, by slipping in a program. I saw this on "Techtv"s website.
5) Yeah, color me a rank amateur, but I do believe that VB6 is for setting up a network interface, not very useful in graphics.

Answer : OK - since you know there's no chance of a virus just install the app and hide the folder of icons. After install right-click the Start button and select Explore. Then open the Programs folder and find the Flash folder you just installed (this is just the folder of icons, not the program directory itself). Move that folder to Accessories so it won't be easily visible.

When you get done using the program (a few hours or a few weeks) move the Flash folder back under Programs and go to the Add-Remove Programs control panel (Start/Settings/Control Panel) and uninstall the Flash app.

It sounds like you need to disable the "accept programs on demand" option if it represents a risk and you're concerned.

VB6 (Visual Basic) is a programming environment. As a graphics person I doubt you would find it very appealing. :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : I see. It seems that, in this operation, you are merely concealing the presence, or one-time presence, of flash, by just hiding the icons. I could do this entire process each day, so as to further avoid creating any chaos. I am a little confused as to how to go about all of this exactly, but I'll try, and let you know how it turns out. It seems rather easy. Thanks, man...I showered you with much kudos when I ranked your answer.

Answer : You're very welcome... unfortunately no one will see your rating since you asked the question as "private". No problem though - I appreciate your appreciation! :-)


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6759840
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Cooling system in a laptop...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

can you please tell me how do they cooldown a
laptop computer without any cooling fans? Also,
what are the security features that they have
in them, in case they get stolen?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : Usually laptops do have a fan, usually on the side of the case. But sometimes they don't as you've noticed. The temperatures are kept low by two things: Keeping the heat-generating components in contact with thermally-conductive materials (frame of the case - metal) which makes them a natural heat sink. And, most importantly, using CPUs that are relatively low-speed *for the die process on which they are based*. So if a .18 micron CPU die is used for CPUs ranging from 400-1.2Ghz a laptop's CPU would be reasonably expected to be near the bottom of that range, so as to keep temperatures under control. Also lower power consumption for those same CPUs can be used to produce less heat. Finally some CPUs will also throttle down to lower speeds when not being used full-tilt to conserve power and reduce heat.

I don't know of any manufacturer-installed security measures for recovering a stolen notebook. I assume you mean a Lo-Jack type of device for notebooks? Cool idea. I suggest we round up some investors and do it. :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6992527
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using hardware firewall...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

I am getting a dsl connection for my internet
access at home, and I want to buy a router or a
switch to use as a hardware firewall. Can you
please tell me which one would you prefer, and
how to configure it?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Need More Information : Do you happen to have an NT Server already in your house, or are you open the idea? It can perform this function better than the hardware routers can, and can also be your file and print server, as well as your PDC and control your logins and access to shares.

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

my system has windows 98se, with zonealarm program
that keep reporting lots of attacks and outside
pinging from the internet, that why I need the router
to block these ports. Thanks alot.
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : OK - since you don't already have an NT machine I would suggest you look at this router:

SMC Barricade

http://www.smc.com/index.cfm?action=products_show_description&productCode=SMC7004ABR

Others have suggested the DLink, NetGear and LinkSys routers, all of which are also widely available. Your local computer store probably carries at least 2 of the above models, for less than 100 bucks each.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6992886
Asker : Bigal852
Subject : USB
Private : No

Question : Sir, I am running WIN98 and have a USB port. I
bought a Digital Camara. I followed the installation instruction, or so I thought, and I failed to install the software into the usb port.
Did I goof up the registry or drivers or what.
I have had no problems with paralell installation
but this USB is something else. Can you help???
Thank you Big Al Bigal@sunet.net

Need More Information : More details on what's happened, what you expected to happen and any error messages you see would be useful. Also what software and drivers you've used and how you installed them, too.

FUQuestion : Well, I am not a rocket scientist but I will write
all to the best of my recolection. The softwear came
in a disc with the camara. The first installation went smoothly for about half way and the screen turned
solid blue with a error message. I shut down and rebooted and tried again. This time we got about a quarter of the installation when the screen turned solid blue with an error message. I tried one more time but the screen turns blue instantly and off so fast that I have not been able to copy the error
message. Well that's it, I hope it helps. AL

Answer : A blue screen like you indicate is usually a serious error, and most likely from the driver you're attempting to install. I'd suggest you go to the manufacturer's website and get the latest drivers from there, which hopefully will not have this same problem. If that doesn't solve it I would call their tech support line and have them assist you in resolving the conflict.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Dear Paul,
I have another problem, I have discovered that I have
two system files with a virus.
C\win\system\kernel132.exe
C\win\system\Badtrans.B@DLL
Could you direct me on removing these virus'
My Norton AntiVirus cannot repair this problem.
Big AL

Need More Information : What virus is it? I'd suggest you go to:

http://www.sarc.com

Symantec Anti-Virus Research Center

for details on removal.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7002248
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using hardware firewall...
Private : No

Question : Hi paul,

is it easy to configure a router for stand alone
computer (plug & play), or do I need to read the
manul to configure it for the dsl connection?
thanks a lot for your help..!
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : Setting these up is very easy - I hear it takes less than 10 minutes from cracking the box to surfing. As long as you understand what will happen it should be very straightforward. Your router will plug into the cable modem, which will DHCP your router an IP address from your ISP. Your internal machines can have either statically-assigned addresses (that you choose - 192.168.x.x is the range most routers use) or will DHCP addresses for your machines. Just leave your PC(s) set for DHCP ("Get IP address automatically" in the Network control panel, TCP/IP properties) and you should be ready.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7215024
Asker : bigdaddy111@...
Subject : Making a server
Private : No

Question : Hey.
I own a web design company, and I wanted to learn how to host sites. So my question is how do I make my computer into a server?
My computer runs on Windows 98 with a cable modem. I just need to know the steps to make it into a server.
Also, how do I configure the primary and secondary DNS names, IP addresses, etc. to host sites online? I guess I would have to share folders on the hardrive to do this, but I'm not evry familiar with this.
Any help on the topic will be appreciated.

Thanks!

Answer : You can add a web server to your machine - the inclusion of multiple hosted domains would simply be a function of your DNS registration company pointing those domains to your IP address, and then your web server handling incoming requests based on what domain they are hitting. Try this web server:

Download:

http://download.cnet.com/downloads/0,10152,0-10069-110-905326,00.html?gid=17384&tag=st.dl.10069-100-905326-905326.dln.10069-110-905326

Info:
http://www.omnicron.ca/

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7231102
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : unexpected results when keys press
Private : Yes

Question : Hi,
I have HP computer with me which has a problem with keyborad keys.when i am pressing the keys of the keyboard,it is taking soem other words and giving the unexpected results.I tried to use the recovery CD and booted agin, but no help.Do you have any idea as to what can be the proble.Is it a major or minor problem.

Thanks,
43170

Answer : If you're getting keys other than what you are pressing, I'd say you have your International settings wrong, and are using a different language keyboard that you expect. Look for the Regional settings control panel (you didn't say what OS you're running) and make the change there.

FUQuestion : Hi,

My Keyboard is giving unexpected results in English only, i e when i try to type "h" it gives like "f,." something.
my os is win 98

thanks,
43170

Need More Information : Did you check what the Regional settings are? What are they set to?

FUQuestion : hi,
when i tried with another keyboard my problem got fixed
thanks 43170
Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7651580
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : A Notebook computer
Private : No

Question :
I'm looking for a used notebook computer for a reasonable price? Where can I go to purchase this technology and what websites anybody provide?

Answer : Half.com is also a great place for deals on lots of things, including notebooks:

http://half.ebay.com/browse/browse.cfm?tag=laptops

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7658468
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : ati driver
Private : No

Question : Hello,

OS WIN98

Can you tell me where I can go to find an onboard video driver for this generic motherboard? This is a Award Modular Bios v6.00PG (6a61jm3c) 5114Vu
Bottom # (09/03/2000-VP4-686A-6A5LHM3CC-00).
The chipsets on the motherboard is VIA. I hope this is enough information needed.

Thanks,

L. H.

Need More Information : That's just the motherboard BIOS into - tells me nothing of the video chipset. What is the type of video chipset? What are you trying to do with this machine? And what is its current status?

FUQuestion : What I'm trying to do is find out what kind of motherboard I have so I can get the proper video driver.
When I go to the Display properties and click setting and try to adjust the screen area the slider will not move it stays on 640X480 pixels and 16 colors.
I need the right video driver so I can move the slider.
I don't know what the video chipset looks like but I do see these chipsets on the motherboard:
VIA, EliteMT, SST, ESS. Now could one of these be the chipset for the video?
Also I do see the name Camaro printed on the motherboard.


Thanks Again,

Answer : You can use this utility to positively identify the chip:

http://www.ati.com/support/identify/atiinfo.html

Or use this for visual inspection:

http://www.ati.com/support/identify/visualinspectiongraphicschips.html


After postive ID go here for drivers:

http://www.ati.com/support/driver.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities


Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7666261
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : HP 9100 CD-RW DRIVER
Private : No

Question : OS WIN XP

Do you know if there is a driver site where I can find
an internal HP CD-RW 9100 series driver If so where is it?
I tried the HP Tech.Support but they want to charge you for
driver.
I would like to find this driver and download it like I do
other driver I need.
I'm working on a system that has an internal HP 9100 series
CD-RW and I can't get it to work, it will not play audio or
read data, the light only comes on and blink. I'm wondering
if it needs the drivers to operate correctly.


Thanks,

L. H.

Answer : Nearly all IDE burners (not sure if that one you have is IDE but all of them in the last 6 years are so chances are good) do not need any special drivers at all. They are straight IDE devices and fully supported by the operating system like a hard disk, without drivers.

Load a burning app like Nero and try to copy a CD using your burner as a test:

http://www.ahead.de/

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7682383
Asker : jalmaraz
Subject : partitioning
Private : No

Question : Where can I find examples of diferent configurations of partitions of a hd? Or can someone suggest the size of 3 partions of a 10GB FAT32 HD for the swap file, WIN98/PROGRAMS AND DATA.

Thanks!

Answer : I would suggest:

Primary partition (C:) of 6GB
Extended partition the rest of the disk (4GB) broken into two logical partitions (D: and E:) with D: being 3.75 GB and E: being .25GB (250MB).

C: will be your OS and apps
D: will be your data
E: will be your swap

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7730113
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : 5.1 PC Speaker rating website
Private : No

Question : Hello

Where is a good direct consumer site that I can go to that will give me the ratings on 5.1 PC speakers?


Thanks,

L. H.

Answer : http://www.epinions.com/cmhd-Speakers-All
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7992802
Asker : twinkles6
Subject : Fatal Error
Private : No

Question : I have an older computer that was recently re-formatted and when you shut it down it now shows 'the blue screen of death' with the message
Fatal Error 0D at 0327:00001F37

Can you help me and tell me what might be wrong and how to fix it?

Thanks

Answer : You told me nothing of the machine, the OS, or the changes that have taken place (other than saying it was reformatted - in which case I'd have to wonder how it has an OS on it). You didn't even give me the full text from the blue screen so I'll suggest you see the reference below.

Consult this page for steps in resolving blue screen errors:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q216206


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8013881
Asker : Neoncow
Subject : Abbr.'s and acronyms
Private : No

Question : Hiya
I was just wondering what all the acronmyms on your askme page stand for.

"CNA (3 & 4), CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, CCSA, CCSE, A.A"

From the looks of it you have quite and arsenal of expertise. =)

Answer : CNA - Certified Novell Administrator
CNE - Certified Novell Engineer
MCP+I - Microsoft Certified Professional + Internet specialty
MCSE - Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
CCSA - Checkpoint Certified Security Administrator
CCSE - Checkpoint Certified Security Engineer
A.A.Sc. - Associate's Degreee in Arts and Sciences
B.A. - Bachelor's Degree

The CNA/CNE refer to Novell Netware administration and design.

The MCP+I/MCSE refer to Windows administration and design.

The CCSA/CCSE refer to Checkpoint firewall administration and design.

A.A.Sc./B.A. are my university degrees.

Thanks! :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

**********************************************************************

Category : Computer Hardware


QAId : 472634
Asker : ever1klera_
Subject : computer science
Private : No

Question : I'm a sinior at a high school in Texas.
Our techer asked us to research on Computer Science. He mainly means to serch the history that comperter science
has. Pauldohery I want to know information over the history of "computer science"?

Answer : That's a quite broad question - here are a few web sites dealing with various aspects of computer history:

http://www.llcc.cc.il.us/dbeverid/histintr.htm

http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/History/index.html

Let me know if you need more info...

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 472930
Asker : mmogrod1
Subject : Lost D Drive some how
Private : No

Question : Ok here it goes my sister has an old comp. its a Vextrec Model Gemma-40XD now i was reloadind windows 3.1 back in for her and all went well now i was loading some stuff for her from the c d roms like office works and clipart that went ok now after i put in soundblaster the D drive dissapeard and all i get is not able to run and the little icon of the d drive is gone how do i get it back and also how do i get it to start in windows instead of dos like she has been starting in. windows is so much easier. thank for any and all information. if you can explain step by step instructions on how to get it back it would be appreciated send all responces to me
MMogrod1@aol.com thank's again for any and all responces.

Answer : You said you are installing Windows 3.1 right? And that you lost the CD after installing the SoundBlaster? It sounds to me like the SoundBlaster is one of the older models that includes a CD-ROM (IDE) controller onboard. You need to disable that controller using the jumpers on the sound card. You may have to consult the manual but I doubt it - the settings for the CD-ROM are probably silkscreened (in white) on the card next to each jumper.

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 525122
Asker : Nijni
Subject : Cpu Intel pentium III 600e vs 600eb
Private : No

Question : Hi
Asus p2b-s Motherboard Bios ver.1011
Frequency multiple of 6x
Cpu Bus frequency of 100Mhz

Can I use a Pentium III 600eb (133Mhz)?

Will the speed be the same that whit a
600e(100Mhz)?

Sorry for my englis
Nijni
nomade24@hotmail.com


Answer : The simple answer to your question is that there will be a *slight* performance difference between running the 600E or a 600EB Pentium 3. Only slight because the only thing running faster will be the memory (and the AGP slot on a 440BX motherboard). Since the majority of the speed is garnered from high cache hits on L1 and L2 cache on-board the CPU which runs at 600Mhz in both cases, increasing the speed of the RAM to 133 will not help as much as you would hope.

The better answer is to put a 600E into your motherboard and run *that* with PC133 RAM at an FSB of 112, 124, or 133 - the highest you can stay stable at - as this FSB will still be multiplied by the same 6.0 multiplier giving you a large CPU & L1/L2 cache frequency increase. Just make sure you have a good cooling solution picked out.

For the easiest and best transition if you don't already have the CPU go here:

http://www.step-thermodynamics.com

These guys will sell you a 600E P3 *with* a cooling system (3 fans, bonded heat sink) and, best of all, they will *guarantee* the chip and cooling system for life to run at 800Mhz! (6.0 x 133 FSB)

Paul Doherty
Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 527649
Asker : magdy4
Subject : login script
Private : No

Question : how can i write a batch file to map a network drive in nt logi script

Answer : Make a .BAT file in \WINNT\SYSTEM32\REPL\IMPORT\SCRIPTS and include the line:

net use x: \\server\share

where "x" is the drive letter on the client you want the server share mapped to...

Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : thanks paul. but i have another ?
how can i use the if statment in the batch file to map a group of users to a network drive , and map other group of users to a another network drive i need to know the syntax of the if statment

Answer : Here's an example of how to customize for individual users or groups. In the following lines of the logon script you will map a user to his own home dir (if it's specified in his user information - check User Manager) and then will execute the \logon\local.bat which can contain the actual "net use" commands.


echo Setting your home drive...
net use h: /home /yes

echo Running your local logon script...
if exist h:\logon\local.bat call h:\logon\local.bat


Another way to approach it is to place a text file for each group you care about on each client machine and test for the existence with 'if':

For example for a group named "Marketing" you might create an empty text file called "mktg" and place it in the user's \WINDOWS dir (or even their home dir on the network for safekeeping). Then you can test during the logon script to see if the user is a member of that group and others and run the appropriate mappings if they are:

@echo off
REM Example logon script to map based on groups
if exist c:\windows\mktg call \\server\netlogon\mktg.bat
if exist c:\windows\sales call \\server\netlogon\sales.bat

and so on...

Then the "mktg.bat" and "sales.bat" could look like:

mktg.bat:

@echo off
net use M: \\server\mktgstuff
net use N: \\server\mktgstufftoo

sales.bat:

@echo off
net use S: \\server\salesstuff
net use T: \\server\salesstufftoo

I hope this helps you out...

Paul Doherty

Paul Doherty





FUQuestion : thank you paul i will try it. but what if i want to use the (if member statment)i konw how to use it in novell script but in nt it does give me hard time
like if member of group name then map or net use, i need the syntax for it thank you

Answer : The standard Windows 98 'if' does not support that syntax. Here are the arguments it accepts:

C:\WINDOWS>if /?
Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

IF [NOT] ERRORLEVEL number command
IF [NOT] string1==string2 command
IF [NOT] EXIST filename command

NOT Specifies that Windows should carry out the command only
if the condition is false.
ERRORLEVEL number Specifies a true condition if the last program run returned
an exit code equal to or greater than the number specified.
command Specifies the command to carry out if the condition is
met.
string1==string2 Specifies a true condition if the specified text strings
match.
EXIST filename Specifies a true condition if the specified filename
exists.


As you see you have a file existing test and string comparisons. Unless the user's groups exist in an environment variable at logon-time (none exist on my machine after a logon - type 'set' by itself to see the env vars that are in effect).

One way to accomplish what you're after is to associate the user's names with a particular-named logon script:

http://www.jsiinc.com/TIP0100/rh0198.htm

And finally another way to do it wis with the Windows Scripting Host. If the clients run 98 or 2000 they already have it - if not 95 can have it added



Here's an example logon script that checks to see what groups a user is a member of and runs the approriate section for each group. So a user who is in the groups "Domain Admins" and "London" would end up being mapped to the appropriate locations at the bottom. (You can also make this more like what you've been saying by adding the "net use" commands you want for each group into the Select Case "Case" sections for each group name - then if a user was a ember of 4 groups all 4 of those sections would be run and he would end up with all the mappings (and only the mappings) for those 4 groups.



Do While User = ""
User = WSHNetwork.UserName
Loop

Set UserObj = GetObject("WinNT://Your_Domain/" & User)
For Each Group In Userobj.groups
Select Case Group.Name

Case "Domain Admins"
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "Z:","\\NT40PDC\C$"

Case "London"
sLOGONSERVER = BDCLON

Case "NewYork"
sLOGONSERVER = BDNY

Case "Hongkong"
sLOGONSERVER = BDCHK
End Select
Next


WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "H:", sLOGONSERVER & "\" & User
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "M:",sLOGONSERVER & "\Mame"
WshNetwork.MapNetworkDrive "P:",sLOGONSERVER & "\Pool"


To use this kind of script you simple create a container BAT file on the server in the normal path, but have it call this .VBS file:

logon.bat:

c:\windows\command\cscript.exe logon.vbs


with logon.vbs containing the code above...


Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : hi paul i have another ?when i map users to the network drive using net use for nt it does work and it will map the drive , but only if i made the user equal to administrator, and if i do not make the the user not equal to administrator it does not work even if they have all right to that drive mapping
i don,t know why
thank you

Answer : It sounds like you have a rights issue - be sure and check both the SHARE rights as well as the NTFS permissions. They interact in sometimes strange ways so you may have the share open to the user but in actuality be restricting access via NTFS permissions such that only Administrator can get in.

Paul Doherty

FUQuestion : hi paul i have another ?
i have a problem when i try to break a mirror set in nt 4.o , it tell nt cant not break the mirror set while it initialyze
magdy thankyou

Answer : Try following this step-by-step approach (it assumes you are using IDE drives):

http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q141/7/02.asp?LN=EN-US&SD=gn&FR=0

You need to rate this answer - an important part of the question/answer cycle here on AskMe.com.

Paul Doherty

Answer : Please don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com...

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, B.A.Sc.
http://members.home.net/iqueue


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 623678
Asker : reeftank
Subject : over clock
Private : No

Question : Hi Paul, John again. The best I could do is 105mh FSB which equates to 523mh processor. @ 110 I get the message, Primary Master S.M.A.R.T. Command Failed and thats as far as it will go. I tried bumping the multiplyer to 5.5 @ 105 and got to it seeing the primary master and then stop, would not boot to windows. It said that it went to 600mh AMD, that does not compute to me. No pun intended. Thanks again, John. PS I am giving you the highest rating, hope it helps!!

Answer : You're welcome - I'm glad to help!

Going to rate this one too? hehe

Paul Doherty
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 625011
Asker : reeftank
Subject : Phone
Private : Yes

Question : I would love to talk on the phone if thats in the cards. I will call you or you can call me 509.682.0185. Thanks, John

Answer : At the least we have email - bitbucket911@home.com is mine. feel free to drop me a line...

Paul Doherty


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 669983
Asker : theboss@...
Subject : File rights on Novell
Private : No

Question : Why must you have ERASE in file rights to create a file in Novell 4.11?

theboss@linuxfantast.nu

easec@algonet.se

Answer : You are probably using an application that in the background actually makes a duplicate of the file being worked on - without the create right it can't do this... here is more on this:

http://support.novell.com/cgi-bin/search/search.pl?database_name=kb&type=HTML&docid=%03%81%08F108049%3a956058960%3a%20%28%20erase%20right%20file%20create%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20productClass%20%3d%20%28%22NetWare%22%20%22Novell%20Directory%20Services%22%29%20%29%20%20AND%20%28%20docGroup%20%3d%20%280%29%20%29%20%20%07%01%00&byte_count=4206

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 731796
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : PC133 memory compatability
Private : No

Question : I am looking to increase my memory from 64 to 128 MB and want to buy PC133 memory so I can also use it with a future 133 MHz motherboard upgrade. My "external clock speed" is currently 66 MHz, but can be set to 75 MHz through the jumpers. I heard something about possible problems with PC133 memory not refreshing often enough on slower boards like mine (66 MHz, and can be jumpered up to 75 MHz). I'm not very knowledgable about these things- will the PC133 memory work on my system, or do I need to stick with the 66 MHz I currently have? If it helps, I have a PC Chips M571 motherboard with a TXPRO-II chipset and a K6 233 processor. (PC Chips doesn't answer their email & the company who assembled my computer is out of business). Thanks.

Answer : I don's forsee a problem there - running memory slower than it's rated speed can't cause any problems in my experience. Go for it...

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 767160
Asker : PC_Kitty
Subject : A stupid computer
Private : No

Question : Please bear with me and the long question that follows, but I'd really like an expert opinion on it. I've already asked several of my more computer-friendly friends, but they haven't a clue as to why the following has happened......

I just bought a S$4,588 Acer computer. It's a 128 MB RAM Pentium III 800 MHz, and it's also giving me a big headache. (Purchased it 15/3 this year but ever since then it's been problematic. The techies at Acer won't help. They're always busy.)

I noticed when I first bought the computer that it didn't seem right. Here's an example: when I used the dial-up networking to dial into my Internet account and got connected, instead of disappearing, the "connecting to xxx account" box at the bottom of the screen (on the taskbar) became empty and remained there! This ALWAYS happens when I dial in and get connected - the box doesn't disappear; it just becomes an empty box and I'll have to click it for it to go away.

And there was once I had another task running at the same time as when I got connected; the boxes at the bottom of the taskbar multiplied! So I ended up with loads of empty boxes on my taskbar at the bottom of the screen and had to click on each one for each to go away!!!!

Can you please tell me why this is so??? Is there something wrong with my system? Is it the fault of the computer or the software?

OK...second problem. Sometimes my computer just can't shut down!!! There was once I shut down my computer, but it just got stuck at the "Windows is shutting down" screen (the one with blue sky 'n' all)!!! And I didn't know till the next day till I went to go turn on my computer and found out it had never shut down!!!!!! AND this has happened about 12 times in total!!!! Why? Should I call the techies??? But it doesn't always happen, see. Also, when this shutdown failure happens, I have to switch off the main power switch, then switch on my comp again. This'll damage the harddrive right??? And imagine, I've had to do it so many times.

Third problem. There was this one time I switched on the computer, and it just jammed! It got stuck at the Windows sky screen, and just wouldn't respond. I had to switch it off (from the main switch), then switch it on again.

4th problem. This happened once only too. I was using the computer and had just dialled in to check e-mail. I opened Eudora. Then all of a sudden, the whole system became VERY SLOW. And I mean VERY slow. It was like it suddenly became busy or something, and my mouse movement was slow and stilted. And when I typed an e-mail, the words came out on the screen very slowly. Then all of a sudden, my computer hung. Why?

I must mention that all these times when I restarted my comp from the main switch, ScanDisk was run and found NO problems with my harddrive. None were reported, at least. But there's also something puzzling: there was once I switched off the computer from the main switch, but when I switched it on again, there was no ScanDisk run. Usually when your comp is shut down the wrong way, a starting screen will tell you and ScanDisk will automatically be run, but not this time. Why?

Finally, there is this "Pikachu" game programme (it's an exe file) that I run and sometimes while playing halfway the system tells me an invalid page error has occurred or something. Also, this reminds me that I was flashed an error message on a blue screen 3 times when my computer suddenly hung on a few occasions. The error message says that a "fatal exception has occurred at OE...." (I can't remember the rest), and it hangs there. Also, the system tends to be very easily prone to hanging, or jamming, or refusing to shut down.

HELP!!!!!!!!!!!!

Thanks!!!! In case you're wondering how come I paid so much for this dumb computer, I don't live in the US, that's why. I sure wish I did.

Answer : As for the shutdown issues try disabling the "fast shutdown":

Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/System Information

Then choose Tools/System Configuration Utility

and from the general tab click the Advanced button and check the box for "Disable fast shutdown".

This sounds like a new system (which hopefully you have not installed too many programs or data to). The problems you're experiencing sound very much like hardware issues or, more likely, driver issues. The first thing to try is to obtain the latest video and audio drivers for those components in your system. You should be able to get these direct from Acer's web site. Barring that, or if that doesn't fix your system, backup any data you may have on the system that is irreplaceable and use the recovery CD to rebuild the machine from scratch (assuming Acer provides such a disk - most manufacturers do). At that point with a new clean system keep it simple and don't start loading a bunch of new apps immediately. Use it for a few days and note any strange behaviors (like the ones you're complaining about now). If they still occur you can jump on Acer and tell them that with their own clean install (and nothing else) the system still exhibits XYZ symptoms. At that point you have a strong case for there being something wrong with the hardware and may be able to get a replacement unit. From your description, however, I suspect that the problem is either driver or software-related so I expect that the clean build from CD will remedy your problems.

Paul Doherty

Paul Doherty

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com
Rating : 2.2
Rating : 2.2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 917566
Asker : dfresh
Subject : motherboard compatible
Private : No

Question : I am wonderering what kind of: memory, hard drive,cdrw, dvd player, graphics excelerator, network card, ect... specifications I need for an Apollo Pro 133A chipset motherboard?

Answer : You are basically wide open for these kinds of devices, with a few specifics:

1) get an AGP video card - the best are based on NVidia's GeForce 256 chipset - be sure and get one that has DDR memory if you can afford it.

2) On hard disks you will be looking for ATA-66 IDE drives - look for spindle speeds of 7200RPM for the best performance.

3) For memory you will probably be after PC133 or PC150 DIMMs - try here:

http://www.step-thermodynamics.com/Memories.htm

(P.S. you don't need the ECC type)

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, B.A.Sc.
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Answer : Don't forget to rate the answers you receive on AskMe.com


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2025242
Asker : jcatena
Subject : boot up
Private : No

Question : asked this question on 7/18/2000:
I recently installed IE 5.5 browser, upgrading from 5.0. I downloaded it from the Microsoft site.
My computer has been very sluggisg since then.
Takes much longer to boot, endless booting noise until the desktop appears. Also takes much longer to acess my mail (Outlook Express) then before.
I have a cable modem.Now when I visit a site the first one takes long (45sec) then after the first connection it is very fast.
I have run scan disc, defraged, eliminated temporarary internet files and tried to do other cleaning but the problem persists. I would love to go back to my Internet Explorer 5.0 browser.
Is there some way to correct this. The computer is definitely acting differently and I have to attribute the problem to the new browser which included a 128 encrpt ?????
Thanks for your help






Answer : If you'll go back to the Windows Update site (Start/Windows Update), then click on Product Updates, then on "Show Installed Updates" you should see the IE5.5 and Internet Tools that you installed and next to it an "uninstall" link. You know what to do from there...

Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2062901
Asker : PDJohnson
Subject : DVD Performance
Private : No

Question : Would a PC with 64MB RAm and Celeron 500 be able to play a movie DVD full screen OK ?

Answer : The primary consideration will be your video card. If your video card is fast enough you can play them just fine. Even if your video card isn't up to snuff you can pick up a dedicated decoder card to use with your DVD-ROM drive for cheap and will make just about any PC into a DVD-playing beast (as it takes the processing loadd off the CPU/video card).

Here's the most popular one - the Hollywood Plus:

http://www.computers4sure.com/Product.asp?ProductID=6426

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2092510
Asker : tamccann
Subject : sony PCG505HE trackpad
Private : No

Question : I have a sony PCG-Z505HE laptop with a track pad.

I use an external mouse (logitech) that is hooked up to the "external" peripherial box/connector.

I recently had upgraded to win 2000 and the machine is working well, but I have a problem with the mouse/trackpad relationship.

I want the system to determine when I have an external mouse connected and then temporarily "disable" the track pad. This is the way it worked when I got the machine and was using Win 98. I have had a look around the control panels and cannot find anywhere to change settings on the track pad.

My question: how can I change the settings on the track pad to accomplish the desired result?

I have accessed the bios and do not see where to change it here either. If the bois is the right place, let me know where it is.

UPDATE: I have upgraded the bios to work with Win 2000 and still cannot find the right place to configure the trackpad.

Answer : Most notebook trackpads are treated as normal mice, so you won't find any special settings for them.

The default operation of most notebooks is to make the external mouse the active one *if* it's connected when you boot *and* if you don't touch the trackpad. Once you touch the trackpad inside Windows the driver will begin accepting data from there. With my notebook I get it back to the external mouse at that point by hitting ESC and then moving the external mouse on it's pad.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : i did not have this problem when i had 98 on the machine. whenever the external mouse was connected. once connected, it disable the trackpad until the mouse was unplugged. that is what i want to happen now.

any more ideas? thanks for your work already.

in addition, i have posted this question on the Earthweb Knowledge Market (http://knowledgemarket.earthweb.com) so if you can correctly answer there, I will pay you a bit of money.

Answer : As for this enabled and dominant when plugged in, this would be a driver support function. If the driver you're using doesn't support this feature you won't be able to do it. Contact either the notebook manufacturer or the mouse manufacturer and see if either can provide you with a driver that has this ability.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2190604
Asker : davidzach
Subject : usb root hub
Private : No

Question : Hello and thanks for reading. I have a Gateway 2150 Solo Laptop, two months old, running win 98 SE. In Device Manager, my USB Root Hub has an exlamation mark in front of it under universal serial bus controllers. Also under universal serial bus controllers is: "intel 82371 ab/eb pci to usb universal host controller"(it has NO exclamation mark in front of it). I removed both and did a restart several times and the exclamation mark is still in front of the usb root hub. I even went into device manager/system devices and removed the pci bus and restarted thusly reinstalling all of the computer systems drives and the exclamation mark is still there. Gateway tells me I must reformat the hard drive. I really don't want to do this unless this is the last alternative. I remember going into safe mode and the exclamation mark wasn't there. But when I rebooted in normal phase, the mark reappeared. Please let me know your thoughts and thanks for your time.

DavidZach@hotmail.com

Answer : You either have a conflict (with the IRQ the USB uses) or you need to check your BIOS settings to ensure USB is enabled.

To inspect the IRQ situation:

Double-click the USB (!) device. Read what it says the device it is conflicting with is and either move the other device to a different IRQ or enter the BIOS (DEL at boot-time) and tell the system to NOT use an IRQ for USB.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



Rating : 3.1
Rating : 3.1


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2237137
Asker : lee_jia_en
Subject : DOS
Private : No

Question : 1)How does DOS works?

2)What is a DOS?

3)What is the differences between MS-DOS and DOS?

4)Without DOS can the operating system works?Why?

5)Are DOS important?

Answer : DOS is just a program, like any other. It's purpose is far different than most programs and it functions at a different level than most. It's purpose is to provide access to the machine's hardware abilities for both the user and user programs.

DOS simply stands for "Disk Operating System" and can loosely be applied to *any* operating environment, though it's most commonly meant to imply MS-DOS (MicroSoft DOS). So there are no differences between "DOS" and "MS-DOS".

DOS *is* the operating system in the case of systems running pure DOS or Windows 3.x - in the case of Windows 95 and 98 (and Millenium) DOS is still there too, but buried under a layer of additional OS code provided to help "GUIfy" the whole environment. Windows NT and Windows 2000 do not have DOS as a basis for their environments but have a similar code base/GUI code that is their foundation.

Without these operating environments we could not use computers as we do today and would be back to using punched-card programs or worse. They are the backbone of a computer system.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2238770
Asker : bill_lautsch
Subject : kb\interface error
Private : No

Question : Hi again,

I picked up a used PC yesterday, added a keyboard, cdrom, reformatted the hardrive, and got it to work fine. This morning I turned it on and I get the message "KB\interface error" or "Keyboard error"
with "Press F1 to resume". I switched the keyboard with one that I know works and get the same message. I checked the connection to make sure it is snug, and it is. I changed some things in the BIOS yesterday, but it worked fine then.
Any ideas?

Answer : In the amin screen of your BIOS (where the disks get configured) there should be a setting for "Halt on" errors - select "none" and see if the problems go away.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2251330
Asker : lee_jia_en
Subject : Windows and DOS
Private : No

Question : 1)Why windows depends on DOS?How?

2)What is DMA controller?

3)What is a driver?

4)What the driver do and how it works?

5)What is the difference between driver and controller?

6)What is a controller and how it works?

Answer : 1) Windows began life as an add-on to DOS - you would boot to DOS and, only if you needed Windows, would type "win" to enter it. Therefore Windows has always been reliant on that layer of DOS beneath it, except in the case of the version of Windows that were "clean-room-designed" to not have it from the beginning.

2) A DMA controller is a Direct Memory Access device - simply a device that can move data to and from itself without the CPU needing to play traffic cop.

3) A driver is a piece of software (or firmware if on an EPROM chip) that controls, or provides an interface to, a hardware device.

4) Answered in #3 above - a driver works by issuing low-level hardware calls (or direct hardware access) not generally used or available to standard applications.

5) A driver is a piece of code (example video card driver, sound card driver) - a controller is a piece of hardware (example - IDE controller, floppy disk controller).

6) Answered in #5 - a controller is any hardware device that allows access to another hardware device.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2528595
Asker : qw3rtyop
Subject : sound recorder
Private : No

Question : When it comes to recording from my mic, everything is correctly checked in volume control,properties,recording options etc.Mic is connected into PC properly. So when it comes to recording on Sound Recorder(win98), I click the record button and a box pops up saying 'Your audio hardware cannot record into files like the current file. To record create a new document'. Whats going on?
- Do I need Sound Recorder as my default audio player?
- If I need to, how do I create a new document?
I also can't record messages on ICQ, because it apparently can't record because another recording application is running. But I don't know what it's on about.
Please help. I'm at my wits end.

Answer : It sounds like you have an application loaded that is interfering. Check your systray (bottom-right icons) for any sound-related programs and stop any that appear suspicious. Then press CTRL-ALT-DEL once and stop and programs in there except Explorer and Systray. Then try your recording and let me know if it still fails - if it does I'd suggest you try upgrading your audio drivers here:

http://winfiles.cnet.com/drivers/sound.html

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2643265
Asker : dave4500
Subject : Graphics
Private : Yes

Question : Hi
Thanks for your response. It does not give me the option to shange to anything. It stays on 640x480. I know it never used to do this. I do agree with you about the cause being a game though. Seems those things cause more harm than good. Any other suggestions PLEASE!!!
Dave

Answer : Well if your only option is 640x480 you are in one of two situations:

1) booting in "Safe" mode
2) Video adapter is messed up/changed or monitor definition is wrong.

Check to be sure the type of adapter and monitor under Display is correct, and that you are not in Safe mode.

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2686966
Asker : xopet
Subject : Video Card support Maya and "Everquest"
Private : No

Question : I am currently using some animation package (Maya, 3d Studio Max and softimage), and my video card is "oxygen VX1". But when i try to install "Everquest", the game that i purchase, it crash!

I think my video card does not fit into the gaming. But I want to know which video card to fit into both animation and gaming. and where could i check the price? is there any warehouse in Vanouver, BC that I could order from?

Answer : Make sure you have:

1) The latest drivers from your card's manufacturer

2) The latest DirectX (http://www.microsoft.com/directx)

If these items are in place and you still can't get it to run I'd suggest any GeForce 256 or GeForce 2 GTS video card - they have more than enough bandwidth and features for either task.

Here's some information:

http://www.americas.creative.com/graphics/3db-annihilator2/welcomemain.html


--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 2883352
Asker : jj4
Subject : IEAK
Private : Yes

Question : Dear Expert,

Where can I get IEAK? Do you know how much it cost? Where can I find any information on how to use this product? Thanks.

Answer : Here you go:

http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ieak/en/default.asp

Please do not ask questions as private that do not need to be!

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3104931
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : NT 4.0 WORKSTATION
Private : No

Question : Hello, please help me understand the following:-

What is password caching?.

can you also kindly tell me how i could find out about my network configuration using dos commands.

Answer : By "password caching" I'm going to assume you mean the ability of Windows to keep the password you type in and apply it automatically behind the scenes to other logins. This happens, for example, when you are logging into both an NT Server (PDC) and a Netware server. If the IDs and passwords are kept in sync with each other you will only have to answer one password prompt, and Windows will apply the ID and password to the second server automatically. If the ID/PWs are not the same you will be required to answer both dialogs (since the background attempt failed).

One of the most useful information-gathering tools in DOS is the ipconfig command. Open a DOS prompt under Windows and type:

ipconfig /all

This will list out all your adapters (NIC or dial-up) and their IP information

Also try:

netstat -a

This shows the remote machines you are connected to and on what ports.

and this one:

net /?

This can be used to map drives to remote shares, or display shares on other machines, etc...

ex
net use t: \\otherpc\share1

maps drive letter T: to the "share1" share on the machine named "otherpc".

--
Paul Doherty, CNA, CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, A.A.Sc., B.A.
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Hello, please help me understand DNS and its realtionship with NetBios?.



Many Many Thanks

Answer : NetBIOS has no real relationship with DNS - DNS exists to resolve internet names/IPs to IPs/names and NetBIOS is a way to name Windows machines. These machine names are resolved by a different proprietary service, WINS (Windows Internet name Services), running on an NT server. WINS is used for example when you try to hit a share on another machine using a UNC name (like \\othermachinename\share). You *can* choose to have NetBIOS names resolved via DNS but this can only work when the DNS entries are the same as the workstation name.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3185512
Asker : zeus54
Subject : pci not working
Private : No

Question : HI, i have got motherboard 6bx/via/zx81.
But the PCI slots do not work... i put a TV tuner&internal modem, it doesn't recognize them...
there is a message :"pci communication device not working" i check the driver. It is not working. I couldn't make it work. It seems the driver is not included in the Windows98SE disk...how can I make it work???

Answer : There may have been some needed drivers included with your motherboard - find the CD that came with the motherboard and install it's PCI drivers.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3210029
Asker : niilo
Subject : Usb disk killed IBM 320 GL?!
Private : No

Question : I have an external usb-cabinet - with custom drivers - to transport data between Win98-pc's. I hooked my external disk to an IBM 320GL pc (Celeron 333, Win98) and installed it without problems. Then, I tried removing some garbage files on the usb disk and everything froze. The usb disk works great at home, btw..

Now, the IBM pc won't boot at all - no sign of life in the diskette drive, either, just a slight hum.. I took out the main disk and it's okay; I also removed the BIOS backup battery, then replaced it but that didn't make any difference.

Any suggestions welcome!
Rgds
/Niilo

Need More Information : Still working on that same disk cabinet, my friend?

So the IBM machine won't boot with, or without the USB drive cabinet connected?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Paul,

I'n not going to give up that usb disk :) I've put too much effort into it..

Unfortunately, the IBM is all dead now!

/Niilo

FUQuestion : ..regardless of the usb drive, that is..


Answer : I'm sorry to hear that... stop it before it kills again! ;-)

What can I do to help?

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

FUQuestion : Is it really *possible* that the usb interface somehow messed up the BIOS in that (old) IBM pc? It just seems so weird!

No tricks to try to get some life into the poor pc?!

P.S. Maybe the usb disk is a killer, but it also does a really good job of transporting some 16Gb of data..

/Niilo

Answer : If the system is dead it's kind of hard to deny *something* has happened to it. Whether the USB is to blame... well I doubt it.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 3899292
Asker : dpendergrass
Subject : Unix
Private : No

Question : Can you tell me what the sleep means and run means when looking in "top"?

Answer : "sleep" would be an app that is resident in memory, but not currently using CPU time. "run" (if it's what I'm thinking you mean) is the amount of CPU time (xx:xx) that the process has used.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : Another question is there a website that I go to for answers to any unix question?

And what do the TTY means for example

ttyq0
ttyq5
ttyp8

Thank You

Answer : "tty" is short for "tele-typewriter", an anachronism of the early days of computing where your output device was a teletype machine (printer).

Try the following sites for info:

http://www.sunguru.com
http://www.sunfreeware.com


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4324091
Asker : Agency
Subject : Frisco & Physics
Private : Yes

Question : My apologies. When you said Frisco, I thought you meant the place in California.

I can still help you find a good local Realtor if you would be willing to speak with me. Real estate always requires some personal contact. I can promise that you will not be 'badgered' but will get assistance and information.

What would a few "bad clusters" on the hard drive indicate?

Happy holidays.

Agency

Answer : They could be logical errors, which only means some data has gotten "scrambled" perhaps by a power outage or improper shutdown during a disk write, or it could be a physical error on the disk surface. If it's a physical error then data can no longer be safely stored in that area of the disk and those sectors in the bad area need to be marked as bad so the disk won't attempt to use them anymore. Run a scandisk (Start/Programs/Accessories/System Tools/Scandisk) with advanced proerties set to scan surface area (do it at night as this may take a long time). Also be sure to shut down ALL applications (including those that reside in your systray at the bottom-right of your screen) before starting as any disk activity by an app causes scandisk to start over again. If a systray app will not quit nicely you can press CTRL-ALT-DEL and kill all apps listed except explorer and systray. This will have no effect on subsequent reboots, only on the currently-running apps.

--
Paul Doherty, CNE-4/CNE-IW/CNE-NW5/MCSE/MCP+I
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of PC DiskMaster and other Windows utilities

FUQuestion : Thank you. The pc is still under warrantee. Are the bad clusters so important that I should have them fixed?

You haven't changed your mind about getting a professional Realtor opinion, have you?

Happy holidays.
Rating : 5

FUQuestion : BTW, did I thank you for the advice? It had not occured to me to shut down the little programs in the systems tray and I do have a bunch of them.

I am gonna try your way over the weekend.

Answer : You should certainly attempt to fix the bad sectors by running the "thorough" scandisk option. The alternative would be to live with it and it would surely cause corruption of data stored there. If the fix is ineffective (i.e. the drive is dying and more bad sectors will appear) it will be time to jump off the sinking ship by grabbing what data you can't replace (documents you've made - hopefully all stored in C:\MY DOCUMENTS) and get a new drive.

We are looking at some new homes in our area and haven't yet found the one we like. Until we find that we won't be moving on the selling portion. When/if we get to that stage we may call upon you again, thanks!

Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 4574494
Asker : geller99
Subject : Windows ME SWAP file
Private : No

Question : OK. To reiterate, I recently installed Windows ME and now I am thinking I made a mistake. When I try to uninstall the application, I get a message that I may have to revise my SWAP file. I have no idea what this is and when I run a search I can't find it, therefore I am reluctant to take Windows ME out for fear I may screw something up. Have you any idea what this SWAP file is and do you think I would be asking for trouble if I try to uninstall Windows Me? I have heard of other people having problems with ME.

Thanks for your help.

Answer : Your PC uses a swap file as virtual RAM (the solid-state memory in your PC). This allows you to run bigger applications, or more of them, than your actual RAM would allow. The swap file is literally just a file on your hard disk for this purpose. To effectively remove it so the uninstall can take place (assuming it wants it gone) right-click your My Computer icon and select Properties. Then go to the Performance tab and select Virtual Memory. Disable the virtual memory and reboot, then run the Windows ME uninstall.

If Windows ME isn't doing it for you, I see no harm or danger in uninstalling it.

The above steps were based on my knowledge of Windows 98 and should apply, but since I've not spent very much time with ME (since I dislike it too :-) you may find the virtual memory settings elsewhere in the control panels.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 2


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5164322
Asker : dpayment@...
Subject : My 8X CD-ReWriter won't work at 8X
Private : No

Question : I've been using my CD-ROM burner now for about 6 months and what I've noticed is that regardless of the CD creation software I use (Hotburn V2.0, EZ-CD Creator V3.5, or NTI CD Creator 2000), the system will not write CDs at 8 speed, although the drive specs say it should. I've tried all the software settings and configurations settings I can think of, but obviously, I'm missing something. Anyone have any suggestions?

My system is the following:

ASUS K7V motherboard
Athlon 750 (old slot A Athlon)
250MBytes of PC-133 RAM
Quantum 13GByte 7200RPM primary on Primary IDE
Quantum 18GByet 7200RPM slave on Primary IDE
Pioneer DVD-114 Primary on secondary IDE
LGE CED-8080B (CD-RW) slave on secondary IDE
Iomega internal ZIP on add-in internal IDE controller card (can't remember make or model)
ASUS AGP-6800 GeForce 32MByte video card
SoundBlaster Live Value

Thanks,
Dan

Answer : You said CD-Rewriter so I'm going to assume you are trying to burn CDRWs but nonetheless your problem may be nothing more than a media problem. Try buying some 12X or 16X CDRs and burn one of them at 8X. The CD burners can detect the speed of the media - I have a Plextor and it can write at 10X to CDRWs but if I put an older CDRW in it will not let me select above 2X or 4X.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5206955
Asker : someone101
Subject : HELP ME
Private : Yes

Question : Hi ,

I hope you can help me with my problem,

in my country there are many sites blocked,yes many .

how can i access these sites?

somebody told me that you can change the proxy and the port in the setting ?

is that true ?

and if so can you help me by instructions?

I am really need to access many sites that banned her in my country !!!

Thanks and sorry about disturbance

Answer : If you are setup to use a proxy server you can bypass it in Internet Explorer by going to the Tools menu and choosing Options. Then choose the Connections tab, and then click on LAN Settings near the bottom. Inside there will be the proxy information - write it down and then remove it all and uncheck all the boxes. Now you should be going direct to the internet. Now if your ISP blocks access to certain sites by IP or doesn't make them available for lookup in DNS you have a far worse situation and will be unlikely to gain access to those sites.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilit


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5480394
Asker : jim2pat
Subject : computer memory
Private : No

Question : can I mix pc100 and pc133 memory on the same pc

Answer : Sure, as long as you run both at the slowest-rated RAM's speed, 100Mhz in this case.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5500107
Asker : jimjacobson
Subject : computer won't defrag disc
Private : No

Question : when I try to defrag the disk on my notebook it says "checking disc for errors" for 12 hours and only gets up to 3%. What do I need to do to defrag this disc?

Answer : Make sure no other tasks are running - you have something running that makes it restart over and over again each time the disk contents get changed. Close all apps (including those on the systray at the bottom-right). Then press CTRL-ALT-DEL once and in the list that comes up End Task on all except "Explorer" and "Systray". Then start your defrag.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4.9
Rating : 4.9
Rating : 4.9


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5611222
Asker : haidar06
Subject : Computer subsystems
Private : No

Question : HI,

The following site which I have visited does describe each Brake's subsystem.
(http://www.autoshop-online.com/auto101/brake.htm)
Can you please tell me where can I find similar address related to the subsystems of the Computer, if not can you please give me a description of the subsystems of the Computer.
Thanks for your help.

Answer : Try this site:

http://www.magicnet.net/~ericwat/buypc.htm

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
Home of DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5704078
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Printer's switch box...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

i have purchased a printer switch box (manual),
so i can use two printers with one PC (dot-matrix
& laser printer). The sales rep said the manual
switch could damage the laser printer, and wanted
me to buy the automatic switch instead. Is that
true? also, when i switch the box between choice
"a" or "b" to select a printer, do i need also to
let windows set the default printer first, or it
does not matter with the switch??
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : I think the manual will be fine - just be sure you use bi-directional parallel cables at all points in the setup.

As for letting Windows know - there should be no need as long as you don't switch out during an actual print session.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5731212
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using switch box to print...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

after installing and using a manual switch box
to print from a dot-matrix and a laser printer,
the switch box is causing a big delay to the print
job before it send it to the printer. Is that a
normal attribute of a switch, or am i doing
some thing wrong? Can the delay be shortened?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Need More Information : What happens if you print to the printer the switch box was set to when your first booted? Does it print fast? Did you get bi-directional cables for all connections (pc to box, box to printer)?

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

before using the switch, the printer was printing
fast. rebooting does not speed the print process,
and all the cables are bi-directional IEEE 1284.
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : Well since we know that:

Windows is OK
Printer and drivers are OK

We must then suspect the switch box itself or the cables (are they capable of bi-directional transfers?). I would try another switch box if you can return the one you have now. Another thing you may want to try is a print from pure DOS. Reboot and hold CTRL key until the menu appears, then select Command Prompt Only. Once it's done try printing a small text file like c:\autoexec.bat:

copy c:\autoexec.bat lpt1:

(you may have to press the eject button on the printer to get it to spit it out - no formfeed or linefeed will get sent this way)


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5747847
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using switch box to print...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

i found out why the print job was having a delay!!
its the dot-matrix printer! ("new" epson 570e).
i got it connected directly to the pc, and it had
a delay of 7 seconds before started to print. Is
there a button or switch to set the default value
for that time delay?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : I'm glad you sorted it out! I don't know of any switches specific to that printer (my, 7 seconds - you are in a hurry! :-) but you may try looking in the properties for it - there are some spool settings where you can set the printer to start printing as soon as spooling starts, or to wait for the whole job to be spooled before starting (which may be where you are set now).


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5777290
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : Replacing Hard Drive
Private : No

Question : Hello,

OS: WIN98SE

I have a 20Gig hard drive that is almost full. Is there a way to transfer my complete
Operating System and my programs and files from my 20Gig hard drive to my new 40Gig
hard drive, without having to reinstall everything such as drivers, programs et.?
After reading some answer on this site, they are not quite as detailed for what I want to
do. I don’t want to Partition the hard drive, I only want to Fdisk and Format and install
the complete system from the 20Gig to the 40Gig. I don’t know exactly how to do this.

Please give me a detailed answer to this question.

Thank You,

L. H.

Answer : Download a trial version, or purchase a complete version of Ghost. Once you get ghost put it on a DOS bootable floppy (create one from Start/Settings/Control Panel/Add-Remove Programs/Startup Disk). Make sure you have the new hard drive installed along with the old one (you will need to set the jumpers on both drives correctly, with the old drive being the "master" and the new drive being the "slave". Once this is correct you also need to enter your BIOS and ensure that both drives are set to "Auto" for detection - you usually enter the BIOS through a keyboard keypress during the memory test.

Boot from the boot floppy that has Ghost on it and once you're at a prompt type "ghost" to load the Ghost utility. Then select Local/Disk/to Disk and copy from the old (smaller) disk to the new.

ftp://ftp.utas.edu.au/sw-distribution/site-licences/PC/ghost/v5.1c-sp1/ghost.exe


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : I could not access that site

Answer : Try this one:

ftp://ftp.intcon.net/users/athorn/ghost5/ghost.exe


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 5804625
Asker : rosefam
Subject : Hardware Problem
Private : No

Question : I have a hardware problem with my Cellron 433 Desktop PC.
Every few weeks or so, the following happens:
While using the computer (usually when I am on the internet ), the computer screen goes blank, and the computer starts making a series of long beeps separated by a few seconds of silence between the beeps. The screen remains blank.
The little red restart button fails to function and the only way that I can stop the beeping is by pulling out the electricity at the mains.
Then it will start up again normally.
What could be the matter ?



Answer : Sounds like one of two things:

1) Bad settings for power management - try disabling the Advanced Power Management in your BIOS - you enter the BIOS setup by pressing the indicated key.

2) Heat problem - I think this less likely but some motherboards have protection in the case of temperatures getting too high.


--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6121619
Asker : mickmack10
Subject : computers
Private : No

Question : could someone please tell me why I can burn a program onto a cd but my other computer will not read it?
I have taken the same cd to my friends place and it reads ok on their computers.
I might burn maybe six programs, on the cd but only some of them show up on the other computer.
I am using a IMATION burner in my pentium, but my Compaq will not read it.
Could someone help?

Answer : There are two reasons why this could be:

1) Bad media or your CD-ROM (reader) is too old to handle this dye color properly. If you're using a silver or other lighter dye try the blues or greens. I've had good luck with them. Upgrading your CD-ROM may be in order if the Compaq is very old (more than 3 years).

2) If the CDs you're burning to are CDRWs (erasable) then the problem can lie with driver support for older CD-ROM drives. Adaptec has a UDF (Universal Data Format) reader you can easily add here:

http://www-pc.uni-regensburg.de/hardware/STORAGE/ADAPTEC/udfread_v103_install.exe

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6121628
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : dialing up
Private : No

Question :
when I try to connect to internet using a dial-up and the line is busy or can not comnnect for other reasons, this dial up dialog appears and it will not automatically dial again after few seconds ( as used to happen when I had win 95 ). Now I have win 98 and this thing occurs. What to do to make it automatically dial again

Answer : Go to Start/Settings/Control Panel and then into Modems. Check in the properties for your modem - there should be a redial option there or in the properties for the Dial-Up Networking connection icon (My Computer/Dial-Up Networking) you use to connect.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6424257
Asker : bindi1965
Subject : External CD-ROM problem
Private : No

Question : Hi,
I have an external CD-ROM connected to the CPU via the parallel port. Problem is I can't get Win98 to recognize it. Windows does not detect it upon boot-up or even during new hardware search. What do I need to do to get it running?

Thanks.
Gill

Answer : There should have been a driver floppy or CD that came with it. You need to install those drivers. You can also get them from the manufacturer's web site. From the add new hardware control panel just choose the manual option and select Have Disk. Then use the browse option to point to the floppy or CD where the .INF file is and it will add the device.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4

Answer : I've never heard of a generic for parellel-connected drives. You could try these I found though:

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads3/2578.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads3/3100.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/6301.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/7346.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/8668.html

http://www.driverguide.com/uploads/uploads2/11705.html

http://www.nec.se/drivers/drivrutiner_cd_e.html






----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6496694
Asker : beansouper
Subject : CD burner problem
Private : No

Question : I have a an Acer CD burner (2x) that is not working. Had been working fine. Now I find that when I attempt to burn, I says "no disc". On the rare occasion that it does recognize a cd in it, it says cd is no good. But I know it is. It will also not read a cd-rom. It behaves as if no cd in it. I have since put this burner in a new computer and still getting same message. Is the burner shot? Need more info? Let me know.

Thanks.

Answer : It sounds like the drive is dying. It may be th result of "drift" on the optical assembly, where the laser is no longer properly aligned with the actuator arm and thus doesn't read the proper areas of the disk.

Your choices are to repair it or buy a new burner. Repair costs would run at least 100 dollars and you can buy a 24-speed burner now for 200 dollars, so you can see that buying makes more sense.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6603807
Asker : gwwoodcrafter
Subject : Monitor
Private : No

Question : Not always, but sometimes my monitor's green light blinks and the monitor stays black. If I wait, sometimes it corrects itself, but sometimes I have to re-boot to get it to activate. What is happening? And how do I correct it?

AMD Athlon 900, 512 SDRAM, 40 Gig harddrive, Win98 SE.

Answer : If this is happening after your system "goes to sleep" (after a period of inactivity) then you can very likely solve it by disabling the power management features inside your BIOS. This "go to sleep and never wakeup" effect is usually caused by Windows and the BIOS butting heads on who will do what with regard to power management.

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6606014
Asker : gpeters45
Subject : ram memory
Private : No

Question : can I put in pc100 ram in a computer with front end bus speed of 133mhz?

Answer : Not if you're going to run it at 133Mhz.
Rating : 5
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6644408
Asker : tayley
Subject : printers
Private : Yes

Question : Hi, Paul...thanks for all your help. How do I persuade my HP Deskjet 400 to print text only, and save my cartridge? I hope I don't have to save the website as "text only" first.

Answer : You could press CTRL-A to put the webpage into the clipboard, press CTRL-ESC to open the start menu, select Run and type in wordpad and hit ENTER, then press CTRL-V and print.

I'm not familiar with that printer, so I can't say if you can force it to print a webpage as anything but a graphic.


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6653976
Asker : tayley
Subject : ...more info...
Private : Yes

Question : 1)Yes, I want to install the Flash animation package.
2) I want to load the CD into their PC, spend lots of time learning it, yet avoid anyone finding out that I'm doing it. They may not mind, but then again they might. The CD has been scanned by Norton...no virus. I want to be able to spend all of that time constructively, not just sitting there, vegetating. My intentions are quite harmless.
3) Forget about the "sleep" button. I learned how to use it...quite simple. It just startled me that the LCD below it was on today, and I've never noticed that before, and I used the fax feature extensively yesterday. I thought the two might somehow be connected.
4) There is an option in internet options (internet explorer) where you can, among other things, deselect show images, disable cookies, etc., and also disable "accept programs on demand", or something like that. Supposedly someone can tiptoe into your sys, and enable this feature for you, then control your PC remotely, by slipping in a program. I saw this on "Techtv"s website.
5) Yeah, color me a rank amateur, but I do believe that VB6 is for setting up a network interface, not very useful in graphics.

Answer : OK - since you know there's no chance of a virus just install the app and hide the folder of icons. After install right-click the Start button and select Explore. Then open the Programs folder and find the Flash folder you just installed (this is just the folder of icons, not the program directory itself). Move that folder to Accessories so it won't be easily visible.

When you get done using the program (a few hours or a few weeks) move the Flash folder back under Programs and go to the Add-Remove Programs control panel (Start/Settings/Control Panel) and uninstall the Flash app.

It sounds like you need to disable the "accept programs on demand" option if it represents a risk and you're concerned.

VB6 (Visual Basic) is a programming environment. As a graphics person I doubt you would find it very appealing. :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5

FUQuestion : I see. It seems that, in this operation, you are merely concealing the presence, or one-time presence, of flash, by just hiding the icons. I could do this entire process each day, so as to further avoid creating any chaos. I am a little confused as to how to go about all of this exactly, but I'll try, and let you know how it turns out. It seems rather easy. Thanks, man...I showered you with much kudos when I ranked your answer.

Answer : You're very welcome... unfortunately no one will see your rating since you asked the question as "private". No problem though - I appreciate your appreciation! :-)


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6759840
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Cooling system in a laptop...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

can you please tell me how do they cooldown a
laptop computer without any cooling fans? Also,
what are the security features that they have
in them, in case they get stolen?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Answer : Usually laptops do have a fan, usually on the side of the case. But sometimes they don't as you've noticed. The temperatures are kept low by two things: Keeping the heat-generating components in contact with thermally-conductive materials (frame of the case - metal) which makes them a natural heat sink. And, most importantly, using CPUs that are relatively low-speed *for the die process on which they are based*. So if a .18 micron CPU die is used for CPUs ranging from 400-1.2Ghz a laptop's CPU would be reasonably expected to be near the bottom of that range, so as to keep temperatures under control. Also lower power consumption for those same CPUs can be used to produce less heat. Finally some CPUs will also throttle down to lower speeds when not being used full-tilt to conserve power and reduce heat.

I don't know of any manufacturer-installed security measures for recovering a stolen notebook. I assume you mean a Lo-Jack type of device for notebooks? Cool idea. I suggest we round up some investors and do it. :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://members.home.net/iqueue
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6992527
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using hardware firewall...
Private : No

Question : Hello paul,

I am getting a dsl connection for my internet
access at home, and I want to buy a router or a
switch to use as a hardware firewall. Can you
please tell me which one would you prefer, and
how to configure it?
thanks a lot for your help...!
sammy. ;-)

***

Need More Information : Do you happen to have an NT Server already in your house, or are you open the idea? It can perform this function better than the hardware routers can, and can also be your file and print server, as well as your PDC and control your logins and access to shares.

FUQuestion : Hi paul,

my system has windows 98se, with zonealarm program
that keep reporting lots of attacks and outside
pinging from the internet, that why I need the router
to block these ports. Thanks alot.
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : OK - since you don't already have an NT machine I would suggest you look at this router:

SMC Barricade

http://www.smc.com/index.cfm?action=products_show_description&productCode=SMC7004ABR

Others have suggested the DLink, NetGear and LinkSys routers, all of which are also widely available. Your local computer store probably carries at least 2 of the above models, for less than 100 bucks each.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 6992886
Asker : Bigal852
Subject : USB
Private : No

Question : Sir, I am running WIN98 and have a USB port. I
bought a Digital Camara. I followed the installation instruction, or so I thought, and I failed to install the software into the usb port.
Did I goof up the registry or drivers or what.
I have had no problems with paralell installation
but this USB is something else. Can you help???
Thank you Big Al Bigal@sunet.net

Need More Information : More details on what's happened, what you expected to happen and any error messages you see would be useful. Also what software and drivers you've used and how you installed them, too.

FUQuestion : Well, I am not a rocket scientist but I will write
all to the best of my recolection. The softwear came
in a disc with the camara. The first installation went smoothly for about half way and the screen turned
solid blue with a error message. I shut down and rebooted and tried again. This time we got about a quarter of the installation when the screen turned solid blue with an error message. I tried one more time but the screen turns blue instantly and off so fast that I have not been able to copy the error
message. Well that's it, I hope it helps. AL

Answer : A blue screen like you indicate is usually a serious error, and most likely from the driver you're attempting to install. I'd suggest you go to the manufacturer's website and get the latest drivers from there, which hopefully will not have this same problem. If that doesn't solve it I would call their tech support line and have them assist you in resolving the conflict.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

FUQuestion : Dear Paul,
I have another problem, I have discovered that I have
two system files with a virus.
C\win\system\kernel132.exe
C\win\system\Badtrans.B@DLL
Could you direct me on removing these virus'
My Norton AntiVirus cannot repair this problem.
Big AL

Need More Information : What virus is it? I'd suggest you go to:

http://www.sarc.com

Symantec Anti-Virus Research Center

for details on removal.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7002248
Asker : sammy_lb_2000
Subject : Using hardware firewall...
Private : No

Question : Hi paul,

is it easy to configure a router for stand alone
computer (plug & play), or do I need to read the
manul to configure it for the dsl connection?
thanks a lot for your help..!
sammy. ;-)

***


Answer : Setting these up is very easy - I hear it takes less than 10 minutes from cracking the box to surfing. As long as you understand what will happen it should be very straightforward. Your router will plug into the cable modem, which will DHCP your router an IP address from your ISP. Your internal machines can have either statically-assigned addresses (that you choose - 192.168.x.x is the range most routers use) or will DHCP addresses for your machines. Just leave your PC(s) set for DHCP ("Get IP address automatically" in the Network control panel, TCP/IP properties) and you should be ready.

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7215024
Asker : bigdaddy111@...
Subject : Making a server
Private : No

Question : Hey.
I own a web design company, and I wanted to learn how to host sites. So my question is how do I make my computer into a server?
My computer runs on Windows 98 with a cable modem. I just need to know the steps to make it into a server.
Also, how do I configure the primary and secondary DNS names, IP addresses, etc. to host sites online? I guess I would have to share folders on the hardrive to do this, but I'm not evry familiar with this.
Any help on the topic will be appreciated.

Thanks!

Answer : You can add a web server to your machine - the inclusion of multiple hosted domains would simply be a function of your DNS registration company pointing those domains to your IP address, and then your web server handling incoming requests based on what domain they are hitting. Try this web server:

Download:

http://download.cnet.com/downloads/0,10152,0-10069-110-905326,00.html?gid=17384&tag=st.dl.10069-100-905326-905326.dln.10069-110-905326

Info:
http://www.omnicron.ca/

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7231102
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : unexpected results when keys press
Private : Yes

Question : Hi,
I have HP computer with me which has a problem with keyborad keys.when i am pressing the keys of the keyboard,it is taking soem other words and giving the unexpected results.I tried to use the recovery CD and booted agin, but no help.Do you have any idea as to what can be the proble.Is it a major or minor problem.

Thanks,
43170

Answer : If you're getting keys other than what you are pressing, I'd say you have your International settings wrong, and are using a different language keyboard that you expect. Look for the Regional settings control panel (you didn't say what OS you're running) and make the change there.

FUQuestion : Hi,

My Keyboard is giving unexpected results in English only, i e when i try to type "h" it gives like "f,." something.
my os is win 98

thanks,
43170

Need More Information : Did you check what the Regional settings are? What are they set to?

FUQuestion : hi,
when i tried with another keyboard my problem got fixed
thanks 43170
Rating : 5
End :


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7651580
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : A Notebook computer
Private : No

Question :
I'm looking for a used notebook computer for a reasonable price? Where can I go to purchase this technology and what websites anybody provide?

Answer : Half.com is also a great place for deals on lots of things, including notebooks:

http://half.ebay.com/browse/browse.cfm?tag=laptops

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7658468
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : ati driver
Private : No

Question : Hello,

OS WIN98

Can you tell me where I can go to find an onboard video driver for this generic motherboard? This is a Award Modular Bios v6.00PG (6a61jm3c) 5114Vu
Bottom # (09/03/2000-VP4-686A-6A5LHM3CC-00).
The chipsets on the motherboard is VIA. I hope this is enough information needed.

Thanks,

L. H.

Need More Information : That's just the motherboard BIOS into - tells me nothing of the video chipset. What is the type of video chipset? What are you trying to do with this machine? And what is its current status?

FUQuestion : What I'm trying to do is find out what kind of motherboard I have so I can get the proper video driver.
When I go to the Display properties and click setting and try to adjust the screen area the slider will not move it stays on 640X480 pixels and 16 colors.
I need the right video driver so I can move the slider.
I don't know what the video chipset looks like but I do see these chipsets on the motherboard:
VIA, EliteMT, SST, ESS. Now could one of these be the chipset for the video?
Also I do see the name Camaro printed on the motherboard.


Thanks Again,

Answer : You can use this utility to positively identify the chip:

http://www.ati.com/support/identify/atiinfo.html

Or use this for visual inspection:

http://www.ati.com/support/identify/visualinspectiongraphicschips.html


After postive ID go here for drivers:

http://www.ati.com/support/driver.html

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities


Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7666261
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : HP 9100 CD-RW DRIVER
Private : No

Question : OS WIN XP

Do you know if there is a driver site where I can find
an internal HP CD-RW 9100 series driver If so where is it?
I tried the HP Tech.Support but they want to charge you for
driver.
I would like to find this driver and download it like I do
other driver I need.
I'm working on a system that has an internal HP 9100 series
CD-RW and I can't get it to work, it will not play audio or
read data, the light only comes on and blink. I'm wondering
if it needs the drivers to operate correctly.


Thanks,

L. H.

Answer : Nearly all IDE burners (not sure if that one you have is IDE but all of them in the last 6 years are so chances are good) do not need any special drivers at all. They are straight IDE devices and fully supported by the operating system like a hard disk, without drivers.

Load a burning app like Nero and try to copy a CD using your burner as a test:

http://www.ahead.de/

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

Rating : 4


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7682383
Asker : jalmaraz
Subject : partitioning
Private : No

Question : Where can I find examples of diferent configurations of partitions of a hd? Or can someone suggest the size of 3 partions of a 10GB FAT32 HD for the swap file, WIN98/PROGRAMS AND DATA.

Thanks!

Answer : I would suggest:

Primary partition (C:) of 6GB
Extended partition the rest of the disk (4GB) broken into two logical partitions (D: and E:) with D: being 3.75 GB and E: being .25GB (250MB).

C: will be your OS and apps
D: will be your data
E: will be your swap

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities



----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7730113
Asker : Anonymous
Subject : 5.1 PC Speaker rating website
Private : No

Question : Hello

Where is a good direct consumer site that I can go to that will give me the ratings on 5.1 PC speakers?


Thanks,

L. H.

Answer : http://www.epinions.com/cmhd-Speakers-All
Rating : 5


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 7992802
Asker : twinkles6
Subject : Fatal Error
Private : No

Question : I have an older computer that was recently re-formatted and when you shut it down it now shows 'the blue screen of death' with the message
Fatal Error 0D at 0327:00001F37

Can you help me and tell me what might be wrong and how to fix it?

Thanks

Answer : You told me nothing of the machine, the OS, or the changes that have taken place (other than saying it was reformatted - in which case I'd have to wonder how it has an OS on it). You didn't even give me the full text from the blue screen so I'll suggest you see the reference below.

Consult this page for steps in resolving blue screen errors:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q216206


----------------------------------------------------------------------
QAId : 8013881
Asker : Neoncow
Subject : Abbr.'s and acronyms
Private : No

Question : Hiya
I was just wondering what all the acronmyms on your askme page stand for.

"CNA (3 & 4), CNE, MCP+I, MCSE, CCSA, CCSE, A.A"

From the looks of it you have quite and arsenal of expertise. =)

Answer : CNA - Certified Novell Administrator
CNE - Certified Novell Engineer
MCP+I - Microsoft Certified Professional + Internet specialty
MCSE - Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
CCSA - Checkpoint Certified Security Administrator
CCSE - Checkpoint Certified Security Engineer
A.A.Sc. - Associate's Degreee in Arts and Sciences
B.A. - Bachelor's Degree

The CNA/CNE refer to Novell Netware administration and design.

The MCP+I/MCSE refer to Windows administration and design.

The CCSA/CCSE refer to Checkpoint firewall administration and design.

A.A.Sc./B.A. are my university degrees.

Thanks! :-)

--
Paul Doherty
http://home.attbi.com/~bitbucket911
DOS/Windows Utilities

PowerUsers.info - Paul Doherty Askme Archive of Questions and Answers

Return to AskMe Archive Main Page

Return to Main PowerUsers.info Main Page